Name: Benjamin CUTBIRTH , Sr.
Birth: ABT. 1740 in PA or VA
Death: ABT. 1817 in Maury Co., TN
Reference Number: 992
This information obtained from the following sources:
KINGS, MOUNTAIN AND ITS HEROES, History of the Battle of King's Mountain, Pges. 438, 441:
Ben Cutbirth mentioned.
THE EAST TENNESSEE HISTORICAL SOCIETY'S PUBLICATIONS OF EARLY EAST TENNESSEE TAXPAYERS
Carter Co., TN Tax List for 1796, Pges. 144 & 145:
Cutberth, Benjamin, Senr. 1 Poll
The name of Cutburth, in our family, is traditionally known to be Scotch-Irish. It is thought to have been originally spelled Cuthbert as a variant of Gut-Barth. The true meaning of the name Cuthbert is not known, but most surnames originated in one of the following ways: from the father, a locality, an occupation, a rank of office or a nickname. The name is variously spelled Cuthbert, Cutbert, Cutbeard, Culbuth, Culbouth, Culbirth, Cutberth, Cutbirth and Cutburth. Of these, the last two are the forms most often used today.
The Scotch-Irish were among the frequent early arrivals in the colonies. Between 1715 and 1775, over a quarter million Scotchmen (who had been sent to Ulster in Northern Ireland by James I to keep the Irish under control) settled in places like the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, the Piedmont country of North Carolina and all along the Eastern seaboard. By the time the colonies declared their independence from England, one out o ften American settlers was Scotch-Irish. These hearty people helped their new homeland in another way-- when they found all the good land along the coast was already taken, these Scotch-Irish became the corps of pioneers who took wagon trains west to settle America's heartland.
Although it is not known exactly when our Cutburths came to America, it is thought they may have come about 1715 to Pennsylvania or Virginia, and may have come from Castle Hill, Inverness, Scotland by way of Ireland and England.
The author of this history would remind its readers that her work is that of an amateur, and that she has only tried to put together, in chronological order, findings and recollections that have come her way through her research of the Cutburth family name. This book attempts to capture this family's heritage and preserve it on the written page, so that future generations may expand its contents, thus it is not meant that the final chapter be found here, but that it will be used to keep alive this heritage in the years to come. The author would encourage each person who receives this book to write down something about their own lives and include it in this history.
----Melvina Cutburth - Arnett
BENJAMIN CUTBIRTH, SR.
Benjamin Cutbirth, Sr., the earliest known ancestor of this history, was born about 1740, more than likely in Pennsylvania. In a letter written on June 10, 1845, by Benjamin's son-in-law, Elijah Calloway, to Lyman C. Draper*1, Elijah states that, "Benjamin Cutbirth, the great hunter and explorer of the West, was born in Augusta County, Virginia, about the year 1740." However, Elijah's son, Dr. James Calloway writes in his letter of February 19, 1852*2 "My grandfather, Benjamin Cutbirth, as I have always heard my mother say, came from Pennsylvania to the fork of the Yadkin...."
There was a large Scotch-Irish settlement in South central Pennsylvania early in the eighteenth century, and the Penn family literally owned the state at that time. The Scotch-Irish, not finding the freedoms they so yearned for began a mass exodus South in the 1750's, over the Great Wagon Road, which led most of them to North Carolina. Their journey, in fact, took them through Westem Virginia along the Blue Ridge Range where Augusta County is situated. Some of the immigrants settled in the Valley of Virginia, and others followed the Trading Path into the Yadkin River area of North Carolina. Dr. James Calloway further states, "My Uncle Daniel (Benjamin's oldest son) was sent back to Pennsylvania when he got large enough and went to school." It is most likely that Benjamin hailed from Pennsylvania, although he may have lived in Augusta County, Virginia at some point in time.
Much of what we know about Benjamin Cutbirth's personal life comes from the Draper Manuscripts. Lyman C. Draper was a great historian of the 1800's. He spent years traveling through the country in search of pioneer history. He gleaned his information from interviews with old settlers, collecting letters, etc., which is evidenced by the letters from Benjamin's son-in-law, Elijah Calloway, and grandson, Dr. James Galloway. Draper's vast collection of manuscripts was deposited with the Wisconsin Historical Society, of which he was secretary and librarian for many years (1854-86). The manuscripts have been released on microfilm to select libraries across the country, and can be viewed only at those libraries.
Elijah Calloway tells us Benjamin was a young boy when his father died*3 "---as his father died when he was young and his widowed mother married when he was grown to manhood and his being an interprising nature he early left his step-father's house and emigrated to Roan County, N.C.when he immediately became acquainted with Daniel Boone, the great hunter. As the woods was Cutbirth's great delight and as he was a hunter himself he set out to hunt with Boone. They ranged the forest far and wide and were frequently among the Indians who very often expressed dissatisfaction with them for killing their game and in one of their hunting tours and when they had killed and caught a great deal of fur on Roan Creek, a branch of the Watauga River. The Indians came upon them and took everything they had. The author (Elijah) has been many a time where the robbery was committed as Cutbirth long afterwards became the author's father-in-law, and as he and Cutbirth was frequently together they frequently covered these subjects." Reuben G. Thwaites, in his book, "Daniel Boone", also tells of Benjamin's father dying while the son was yet young. Benjamin's parents have yet to be identified. Church records indicate Benjamin lived near Mocksville, near John and Sarah (Boone) Wilcoxson, his future "in-laws". Cutbirth and Boone hunted in the early 1760's in the Watauga region of westem North Carolina and eastem Tennessee.
At this point, we start noticing the different variations, in spelling, of the Cutbirth name. In the early days record keepers spelled the names as they sounded. The Rowan County Tax List of October 8, 1761 spells the name Cutbeard.
It was about this time that Benjamin met and married Elizabeth Wilcoxson. From Thwaite's notes*4 --"At the close of the French and Indian War there arrived in the Boone settlement a Scotch-Irishman named Benjamin Cutbirth, aged about twenty-three years. He was a man of good character and a free hunter. Marrying Elizabeth Wilcoxen, a niece of Daniel Boone, he and Boone went upon long hunts together, and attained that degree of comradeship which joint life in a wildemess camp is almost certain to produce."
And from Elijah Calloway's letter*5 of June 10, 1845--"About this time a marriage contract was made between Cutbirth and Elizabeth Wilcockson, a niece of Daniel Boone's and as Cutbirth was married in the family he and Boone continued to range the forest for all the Indians would sometimes rout them..." Elizabeth Wilcoxson was probably bom in Pennsylvania, as that is where her parents, John and Sarah (Boone) Wilcoxson, were married, and lived, before departing for North Carolina. We also see many spelling variations of the name Wilcoxson.
Benjamin Cutbirth, Sr. and Elizabeth Wilcoxson were married about 1761 and soon began to raise a family. They would be the parents of four children. Their first child, Daniel Boone Cutbirth, was born about 1762, followed by another son, Benjamin Cutbirth, Jr., in 1764.
In the early 1760's the Yadkin River area began to see it's population rapidly grow. This meant one important thing to a hunter; more competition for a dwindling amount of game. In 1765 a group of North Carolinians from the Roanoke River area set sail for New Orleans and established a settlement just north of Baton Rouge on the Mississippi River. Hearing of this, Benjamin decided to investigate this new wilderness for himself.*6 So, in the Spring of 1766, history watched as Benjamin Cutbirth and three other "leather stockings" from the Yadkin, John Baker, James Ward,and John Stewart (Daniel Boone's brother-in-law), saddled their pack horses, set their backs to the rising sun, and set off for the Mississippi. Boone had been asked to go along but declined, and spent the next few months berating himself for not going.
They traveled west along a little known Indian trail across Southern Kentucky and Northem Tennessee, passing through many Indian nations, most of whom had never seen firearms before. Viewing the Great River somewhere near the Missouri bootheel, the foursome became the first whites ever to accomplish this feat overland from the Atlantic. Upon reaching the Mississippi, they found a great deal of lumber and game going down the river to feed the growing city of New Orleans. Sensing a great opportunity, they followed the river north to a large tributary, probably the Ohio or Missouri River and established a winter camp. The spring and summer of 1767 found the four accumulating... "a great deal of bear bacon, and bear oil, buffalo beef and tallow, venison hams, furs and skins and peltry of every kind... ", which they took down river in their water crafts to New Orleans and traded or sold. In the fall they again traveled upstream and wintered.
Benjamin, though he preferred not to talk about "things past and gone", did relate to his son-in-law, Elijah Calloway, several interesting details about his historic journey. Most of the stories he told, as could be expected, were about his exploits on the river, such as the time they were on a tributary trying to enter the Mississippi River-- "They had met the backwater two days before they reached the Mississippi River, which was very hard rowing against, but when they came in sight of the river they found it was extremely high. They, being all good water men, pressed on to get into the mainstream of the river, but the backwater was so strong it drove them back up the river. Again, they made another attempt and got almost into the bottom, but they all being good water men, and as he always thought the hand of Providence preserved him, they extricated themselves from the danger. Being driven up the river again, they doubled diligently and launched out into the mainstream and went on safely to the Orleans."
As Benjamin and his companions were prone to traveling at times both night and day on the river, they found themselves once on the Mississippi at midnight when a violent wind and rainstorm overcame them with such dark and low clouds they could neither see nor find either bank. Their vessel quickly filled with water, but the nature of their cargo of lumber, caused the vessel to float. At length they saw a break in the clouds which revealed the land, and after rowing with all theft might, finally reached the shore, at which time Benjamin repeated one of his favorite sayings... "That no man could die until his time came".
Another story Benjamin related occurred while he was standing on one bank of the Mississippi gazing across at the other side, when suddenly about three acres of land shelved into the river, "as quick as the crack of a gun". Benjamin also told of the time he came upon a bank that had been washed away and he saw the end of a canoe sticking out of the bank about twenty feet below the surface of the ground with large trees growing above and roots entangled about the canoe. Benjamin guessed that it must have been there at least a hundred years.
Having spent the winter upstream, they descended the Mississippi in the spring of 1768 with a large amount of furs and skins. Reaching New Orleans they sold their goods for a small fortune. In the words of a newspaper reporter of the day, they gained*7 "...quite a respectable reward". It is evident that the news of this success reached the wrong ears. Shortly after the four left New Orleans for home, they were set upon by a number of Spanish soldiers who robbed them of their money. They barely escaped with their horses and their lives.
Regrouping, they left again for home. Following the Mississippi North, they reached a Frenchman's house where they could rest and spend the night. Later that evening, a group of Choctaw Indians out on a hunt also called on the Frenchman. As the Choctaws were more in favor of the French rather than the Spanish, one of the Indians endeavored to ingratiate himself into the good graces of his host by ridiculing Benjamin. The more Ben would try to remain calm, the more the Indian would increase his mocking gestures. The Choctaw Indians, a jolly lot, traditionally enjoyed laughing at the misfortunes of others, and this night their entertainment was at Benjamin's expense. Finally, having endured enough, Benjamin walked over to the Indian, grabbed him around the arms, carried him to the bank of the Mississippi and threw him in, much to the delight of the other Indians. The drenched Indian came out of the river laughing and all seemed well. The four Carolinians soon left the Frenchman's home once more intent on reaching their homes. They were followed however, by the Choctaw Indians, who were intent on killing the four "long knives". A few nights later, the Indians caught up with Benjamin and company, but only succeeded in stealing their horses and gear. Benjamin then proceeded to the Choctaw town of Quanshito, where he made his complaint to the great head chief, hoping to retrieve his belongings. The only thing he received was more ridicule and abuse from the chief, who was trying to impress his braves. The only thing left for the Yadkin hunters to do, was to set out for home on foot, which they did, traveling through the Creek Nation, present day Mississippi and Alabama, finally reaching home late in 1768. Finding their families well, the four adventurers vowed never again to retum to that part of the country.
The Cutbirth's first daughter, named Mary, was born about the year 1770. Mary, according to relatives, took after the Boone family, even more than the Boone children themselves.
It was June 1770 before Benjamin ventured out on another hunting trip. In her history of the Wilcoxsons, Dorothy Ford Wulfeck states*8, Janice Holt Giles in "The Kentuckians" gives this account of the Long Hunters; "Price's Meadow, Kentucky was the site selected by the Long Hunters, (so-called because of their long hunting expeditions), as their central camp. A company of about 40 men from Virginia and North Carolina, attracted to the wilderness for the sake of adventure and reports of plentiful game, set out in June, 1770, for Kentucky. They passed through Cumberland Gap and established their base, where they found an excellent supply of spring water. From this point the men went out in parties to hunt, and to this base, they brought their furs and hides every full moon."
"One evening in February, 1771, a group of hunters heard a voice singing in the forest. They cautiously approached the spot whence the sounds came, and there, stretched full length on the ground, was Daniel Boone, singing at the top of his lungs. Boone joined the Long Hunters, and they were met by Squire Boone, Daniel's brother, who had gone home to get supplies. About a month later, after an absence of two years, the brothers set out for home with a large quantity of furs. At Cumberland Gap they were met by Cherokee Indians who appropriated all the peltries. Dejected, and without supplies to enable them to replace their loss, the Boones made their way home empty-handed."
"While, as a whole, the Long Hunters' stay in Kentucky was profitable, it was not without several disasters. After a two-month trip away from the base, they returned to find their peltries spoiled, and their dogs which they had left to guard the camp, a pack of wild animals. With characteristic pioneer calm, one of the Bledsoes inscribed this memorandum on a near-by tree: "2,300 deerskins lost; Ruination, by God."
"In 1772, some of the company became discouraged and departed for eastern settlements. Roving Indians captured two of the remaining and plundered the camp. These misfortunes did not discourage the hardy survivors, however, as it was not until August 1772 that the last of them returned homeward.
Names of a few of the Long Hunters: Anthony Bledsoe, Isaac Bledsoe, Daniel Boone, Daniel Cooper, Squire Boone, Jim Know, Big Jo Copeland, Ben Logan, Benjamin Cutbirth, Kasper Mansker, Henry Scaggs, Col. James Smith."
Benjamin returned home early in 1772, and later that same year he and Elizabeth became the parents of a second daughter, named Sarah, who would be their fourth and final child. Still later that year, Benjamin, Daniel Boone and John Tate set off again, to hunt in Kentucky.
Church records show, that in 1771, Rev. George Soelle, a Moravian Home Missionary, stopped at the Cutbirth home near Mocksville to preach, and the Fall of 1772 a Baptist minister, John McGlamre of the Dutchman Creek congregation stopped by Ben's place. Benjamin was baptized on March 7, 1773 by Rev. William Cook, and Elizabeth Cutbirth dedicated herself to Christ on August 7, 1774.*9
In the spring of 1773, Benjamin took off for Kentucky again with Daniel Boone, delving even further beyond the Cumberland Gap. Daniel remarked that he was "greatly pleased" with the land and planned a trip that fall to colonize Kentucky.
Having gathered together friends and kinfolk, including Benjamin, Boone started off for "Kain-tuck" on September 23, 1773. This trip was not destined to fare well. A couple of weeks later the group had split into two hunting parties; one under Boone and the other under his brother-in-law, William Bryant. On October 9, Bryant, tired of short meat allowances, split his group into three small groups to search for game. That night, Benjamin and an unknown companion stopped at an old campsite he and Boone had used on previous hunting trips, a place called Wallen's Ridge. But, they couldn't find any wood convenient to make a fire with, and having no axe, they proceeded a bit further before camping for the night. They were awakened the next morning by the sound of gunfire from the direction of Wallen's Ridge. Boone's scattered party quickly responded to the gunshots and came upon the campsite, finding all five hunters dead and scalped, including Daniel's young son, James, who was tortured to death. At this time Benjamin stated, "Oh! I see that I cannot die until my time comes, for if there had been an armful of wood here, we should all have shared the same fate". Daniel and his group returned to North Carolina to inform his wife, Rebecca. He then retumed with Benjamin and Will Grant, to properly bury the dead, and then continued on to Kentucky, wintering in a cave in what is now Jessamine County, and where Daniel, in keeping with his custom, carved his initials into the cave wall-- "D. B. 1773". Daniel and his friends found the land infested with hostile Indians and abandoned their settlement plans, retuming for now to the Yadkin.
The year of 1775 proved to be an eventful one for Benjamin Cutbirth, Sr.. Judge Richard Henderson made a treaty with the Cherokees at Sycamore Shoals, purchasing one hundred square miles of land in Kentucky from them, and commissioned Daniel Boone to lead a seasoned group of backwoodsmen to cut a road for future settlers. The Cherokee chief took Boone by the hand and said, "Brother, we have given you a fine field, but you will have trouble in the settling of it...". An understatement, to say the least, considering the fact that the Cherokee did not own that parcel of land, the Shawnee did; a fact that Boone would later find out for himself. On March 10, 1775, Daniel, Michael Stoner, Squire Boone, Benjamin Cutbirth and others rendezvoused at the Long Island of Hoiston and embarked on their expedition to cut a road through the Kentucky wilds. They blazed a trail through Powell's Valley and passed through the Cumberland Gap, then widened the old Warrior's Path for about fifty miles before heading west near Hazel Patch. Following an ancient buffalo trace northwest they came upon the Rockcastle River, where they had to cut their way through twenty miles of country covered with dead brush, which according to Felix Walker, the chronicler of the group, was a "difficult and laborious task". They then had to cut through thirty miles of thick cane and reed before they eventually reached their objective, the mouth of Otter Creek, on the south bank of the Kentucky River. This destination was reached on March 31, 1775. Work was immediately begun on the erection of a fort. Captain Richard Callaway graciously offered his name forward, as talk of what to call the fort began. But thankfully, the majority of the road cutters disagreed, and posterity came to know the site as Fort Boonesborough, and the trail they created as the Wildemess Road, both national treasures.
Their journey had not been without incident, however, as on March 24, camped outside of what is now Richmond, Kentucky, they were attacked by Indians. They beat the natives back, but suffered injuries and fatalities. It was here that Benjamin was about to be killed by an Indian when Daniel Boone saved his life. Another night, a mad wolf entered camp and attacked James Nail. Boone, Cutbirth, and two others fn-ed at the wolf, killing it. Nail survived the attack and miraculously did not contract the rabies.
A Memorial erected by the Daughters of the American Revolution of North Carolina, Virginia, Tennessee and Kentucky, under the Auspices of the Transylvanians of Henderson, Kentucky, 1935*10 reads as follows:
"In Testimony of the Gratitude of Posterity for the Historic Service of cutting for the Transylvania Company the Transylvania Trail, the first great pathway to the West, March-April, 1775, from the Long Island of Hoiston River, Tennessee, to Otter Creek, Kentucky, by the Gallant Band of Axemen, Pioneers and Indian Fighters, who at the Risk and Loss of Life opened the Doors of Destiny to the White Race in Kentucky and the West.
"Daniel Boone, Squire Boone, Edward Bradley, James Bridges, William Bush, Richard Callaway, Samuel Coburn, Jacob Crabtree, Benjamin Cutbirth, David Gass, John Hart, William Hays, Rebeccah Boone Hays, William Hicks, Edmund JennIngs, Thomas Johnson, John Kennedy, John King, Thomas McDowell, Jeremiah McPeeters, William Miller, William Moore, James Nail, James Peeke, Bartlett Searcy, Reuben Searcy, Michael Stoner, Samuel Tate, Samuel Tate, Jr., William Twitty, John Vardeman, Feliz Walker, A Negro Man, A Negro Woman."
As event-filled as this undertaking was, it was just the beginning. On June 13, 1775 many men retumed East to bring their families to Boonesborough, just as Indian attacks were resuming.
The Continental Congress refused to recognize the settlement as the fourteenth colony, effectively destroying the dream of Transylvania.
The year 1776 turned out to be just as hazardous. During the summer, outside the fort, Boone's daughter, Jemima, and two Calloway girls, Betsy and Fanny, were kidnaped by Indians. They were soon rescued by Boone and others, who killed the kidnappers in the process.
The year 1777 brought more of the same. Indian raids mounted in veracity and Boone was wounded and nearly killed in an attack on the fort. An escaped slave led one such attack, and when Daniel was told of this during the attack, he left his position, walked to another wall, aimed his rifle at the black man standing at the edge of the forest surrounding the fort, and placed a bullet into the slave's forehead, and then returned to his original position. The settlers also suffered a salt shortage, so severe, that they were compelled to draft a petition to Congress asking the government to take over the salt licks owned by individuals, so that salt could be distributed to everyone equitably.
Encouraged by the British, the Indians renewed their attack throughout 1778. So intense were the attacks that Boone went to the British, and the Indians, staying among them for several months, trying to persuade them not to attack the fort. His efforts proved fruitless, however, and he escaped to retum to the fort just in time to help repulse the attack. At the instigation of Captain Richard Callaway, who was intensely jealous of Boone, Daniel was court-martialed for treason. During the trial Benjamin Cutbirth was called as a witness in Boone's defense, to testify as to Callaway's ulterior motives. The prosecution neutralized Ben's testimony, however, bringing up the fact that Daniel once saved Benjamm's life, and was related to Benjamin by marriage. Boone was, "none-the-less", exonerated by the Judge Advocate, Col. Daniel Trabue, and was promoted to major. Callaway was killed by Indians two years later.
In 1779 the new Kentucky settlers gave the whole of their savings, twenty thousand dollars, to Boone so that he might travel to Richmond, Virginia and purchase land warrants. Tragically, before he reached Richmond, he was set upon by thieves who robbed him of the money. A short time later, land speculators from Pennsylvania, Virginia and New York would purchase the Kentucky lands, this time from the Shawnee, thereby voiding the settler's original claims. Dispirited, Benjamin and his brother-in-law, Samuel Wilcoxson, retumed with their families to North Carolina.
When Benjamin first came to North Carolina, he lived on the Fork of the Yadkin. Upon leaving there, he went to the mountains, and first settled on the Blue Ridge, some two miles north east of the Deep Gap in Ashe County. From there he went to the South Fork of New River, some two or three miles above the Old Fields, where he lived through the end of, and following the war.*11 This area called "Old Fields" *12, was previously, an old Indian camp or clearing, and can be found near the present day border of Ashe and Wilkes Counties, North Carolina.
The American Revolution had been raging since 1775 and much of the new nation was divided in it's loyalties; those favoring independence and those remaining loyal to the British Crown, the Tories. Even though the majority favored independence, bands of armed Tories roamed the Yadkin area. The British paid well for Rebel prisoners. In April, 1781, a Tory leader, Capt. William Riddle, came through Wilkes County from his camp at the head of Meat Camp Creek, with his armed band and Rebel captives, on the way to Ninety-Six, South Carolina, where they would collect their bounty*13. We learn from a letter of William Callaway's, to Draper, that "The Callaway's, Cleveland's, Cutbirth's, Shirley's, Taney's, Thompson's, and Baker's, who constituted the principal families of Whigs who lived near the mountains... were kept busy to protect themselves." Riddle found out that a local Revolutionary hero, Col. Benjamin Cleveland was in the vicinity and set out to capture him. On April 14th, Riddle came upon Ben Cutbirth's place, looking for information. As described in John Crouch's "Historical Sketches of Wilkes County"*14 --"Riddle, with his party of six to eight men, reached Benjamin Cutbirth's some four miles above Old Fields, a fine old Whig and an associate of Daniel Boone, who was just recovering from a spell of fever. The Tory Captain, probably from Cutbirth's reticence regarding solicited information, shamefully abused him and placed him under guard....".
Riddle and the rest of his men then left to capture Col. Cleveland. In the meantime, Daniel Cutbirth, Benjamin's eldest son, who had been absent during those events, returned home. Enraged, young Daniel and a friend of his named Waiters, armed and positioned themselves to ambush Riddle on his remm trip. However, when the boys heard Riddle and his party returning, (Riddle and his men were coming through the forest, still out of sight.), they heard so many military commands and commotion, they reckoned that Riddle had increased the size of his patrol and decided not to attack. As it tumed out, Riddle hadn't any more men, but had captured Col. Cleveland. Once again, coming to Ben Cutbirth's, Riddle ordered dinner, for himself, his men, and his prisoners. One of Ben's daughters, Mary Cutbirth, not willingly serving the Tories, received verbal abuse and kicks from Riddle to make her hurry the preparations for the meal. Finally leaving Ben's house, Riddle's group proceeded fourteen miles along New River to a place near Elk Creek, called the Wolf's Den. But they had been followed this time by a group of teenagers, including Daniel Cutbirth and a couple of Callaway boys. As they crept up on Riddle's camp, they spied Col. Cleveland sitting on a log slowly writing out passes for Riddle and his marauders. Cleveland knew as soon as he finished writing, his usefulness to Riddle was through, and his life would be in jeopardy. Suddenly Cleveland saw the youths, threw his huge frame backward over the log, and barely escaped the hail of bullets raining down on Riddle's men. When the shooting ended, Riddle had escaped, but left behind a mortally wounded member of his party, Zachariah Wells. As young Daniel and his comrades saddled up, to retum with the rescued Cleveland, it was decided that they would also leave behind the wounded Wells. A short time later Riddle and two of his men were captured and taken to Wilkesboro, where they were to be hung. The evening before the hangings, Riddle said to Cleveland, "Colonel, you won't hang such a man as I am.", to which Cleveland replied, "I will be damned if I don't hang you when breakfast is over." Cleveland was tree to his word. The 1782 Wilkes County Tax List showed Benjamin (Cuthbert) living in Captain Robert Cleveland's District.
Elizabeth WILCOXSON b: in PA
in North Carolina
- Daniel Boone CUTBIRTH , Sr. b: ABT. 1762 in Rowan Co., NC?
- Benjamin CUTBIRTH , Jr. b: ABT. 1764 in North Carolina
- Mary CUTBIRTH b: ABT. 1770 in North Carolina
- Sarah "Sally" CUTBIRTH b: ABT. 1772 in North Carolina