Rice, Humphrey, Shattuck,Gervais, Beaudette, Angell, Hammond and allied lines

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  • ID: I06259
  • Name: (Godebog) Coel , \ King of Colchester\
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: in living 232 A.D.
  • Death: AFT 232 in Later King of Colchester
  • Note:
    Coel Godhebog "the Magnificent", Lord of Colchester, whose daughter, St. Helen, supposedly married the Emperor Constantius Chlorus

    See also (check index) - Coel, Hen ??

    King of Britian, Old King Cole Believe not the same person

    Sept 2002 :

    from Britiannia on line:

    Details of the Ancestry of Coel Hen
    by David Nash Ford

    Coels Confused

    There appear to have been a number of people in Celtic tradition with the name Coel and they have been hopelessly confused over the years:

    The most well-known was Coel Hen (the Old) - the Old King Cole of nursery rhyme fame - who held sway in Northern Britain in the early 5th century and was probably the last of the Duces Britanniorum. His descendants continued to rule various kingdoms in the region for several generations.

    Then there was Coel Godhebog (the Magnificent), traditionally a 'dux' of Camelodunum (Colchester); probably a decurion in fact. He supposedly lived in the 3rd century and his daughter, St. Helena of Colchester, married the Roman Emperor, Constantius Chlorus. They may have been the ancestors of Magnus Maximus.

    Less well known was an earlier Coel ap Mor from the more indefinite realms of mythology. If he existed, he would have lived in the 2nd century. Traditionally, he was the maternal great grandfather of Coel Godhebog's wife, Strada.

    All are numbered amongst the supposed 'High-Kings' of Britain.

    The ancestry of Coel Hen (the Old) is given in the pedigree of the Kings of Bryneich in the Harleian MS.3859 as:

    Beli Beli Mawr (the Great)
    Aballac Afallach
    Eudelen Euddolen/Eudos/Eifudd, possible duplicate generations
    Outigern Eudeyrn/Euddigan, duplicate generations
    Ritigirn Rhydeyrn
    Iumetel Rhifedel
    Grat Gratian
    Urban Urban
    Telpuil Telpwyll
    Teuhant Deheuwaint/Tegfan or Tasciovanus, duplicate generations
    Coyl Hen Guotepauc Coel Hen (the Old)

    It is similarly recorded in the pedigree of the Kings of South Rheged in the Achau Brenhinoedd a Thywysogion Cymru as:

    Beli Mawr Beli Mawr (the Great)
    Aflech Afallach, duplicate generations
    Enddolev Euddolen/Eudos/Eifudd, possible duplicate generations
    Endeyrn Eudeyrn/Euddigan, duplicate generations
    Rydeyrn Rhydeyrn
    Rriuedel Rhifedel
    Gradd Gratian
    Vrban Urban
    Tyddbwyll Telpwyll
    Deheuwaint Deheuwaint/Tegfan or Tasciovanus, duplicate generations
    Koel Godebawg Coel Hen (the Old)

    Coel's father is thus shown to have born the native Celtic name of Tegfan. In Latin, this becomes Tasciovanus, a name known to have been in use in Britain during pre-Roman times, at least amongst the Catuvellauni tribe. Telpwyll is an otherwise unknown name, probably Celtic, but the extended ancestry have distinctly Roman names (Urban and Gratian), before descending into corrupt mythology. Coel Hen evidently had a mixed racial background. He spawned a widespread Northern dynasty.

    from Britiania on line:

    Coel Hen, King of Northern Britain
    (Welsh-Coel, Latin-Coelius, English-Cole)

    Coel Hen or Coel the Old is known to most of us through the famous nursery rhyme:

    Old King Cole was a merry old soul
    And a merry old soul was he.
    He called for his pipe,
    And he called for his bowl,
    And he called for his fiddlers, three.

    He is also a familiar figure in ancient Welsh genealogies, for most of the Celtic British monarchies claimed descent from him in one form or another. He appears to have lived around the turn from the 4th to the 5th century, the time when the Roman officials returned to Italy, leaving Britain and her people to fend for themselves. Coel's particular association with the north of Britain has led to the suggestion that he may actually have been the last of the Roman Duces Brittanniarum with his headquarters at York. He certainly imposed his power over a great swathe of the country, and can be considered the first King in Northern Britain. (This Coel should not be confused with the legendary Coel Godhebog "the Magnificent", Lord of Colchester, whose daughter, St. Helen, supposedly married the Emperor Constantius Chlorus two centuries earlier.)

    There is an old story told in the north about Coel's last campaign. What is now Scotland was originally inhabited by the Pictish race. It was during Coel's time that immigrant Irishmen from the Scotti tribe began to settle the Western coast around Argyle. Coel, fearing that the two peoples would unite against the British, sent raiding parties across his northern border to stir up discord between them. The plan, however, backfired for the Picts and the Scots were not taken in. Coel merely succeeded in pushing the two even closer together, and they began to attack the British Kingdom of Strathclyde. Coel declared all out war and moved north to expel the invaders. The Picts and Scots fled to the hills ahead of Coel's army, who eventually set up camp at what became Coylton alongside the Water of Coyle (Ayrshire). For a long time, the British were triumphant, while the Scots and Picts starved. Desperate for some relief, however, the enemy advanced an all-or-nothing attack on Coel's stronghold. Coel and his men were taken by surprise, overrun and scattered to the winds. It is said that Coel wandered the unknown countryside until he eventually got caught in a bog at Coilsfield (in Tarbolton, Ayrshire) and drowned. Coel was first buried in a mound there before being removed to the church at Coylton. The year was about AD 420. After his death, Coel's Northern Kingdom was divided between two of his sons, Ceneu and Gorbanian.

    Marriage 1 Strada The Fair
      1. Has Children Helen "Britannica" Of the Cross b: 248 in She built the Church of the Resurrection, Tomb
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