Rice, Humphrey, Shattuck,Gervais, Beaudette, Angell, Hammond and allied lines

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  • ID: I11478
  • Name: Francis Cooke
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: AFT AUG 1582 in England
  • Death: 7 APR 1663 in Plymouth, Mass - came on Mayflower
  • Note:
    from

    Francis Cooke of the Mayflower to Currie 2001 15 generations
    Entries: 940 Updated: Fri Jul 4 12:53:01 2003 Contact: George A. Jones Home Page: Brewster/Jones/Blackington/Cooke/Thornton/Cowley/Petrie genealogies.


    Birth: 26 NOV 1584 in Gides Hall, Essex, or Blyth,Notts, Yorkshire (West), England
    Death: 7 APR 1663 in Plymouth, Plymouth, MA. 16 3 4
    _FA1: NOV 1621 came to America on the Mayflower 3 4
    _FA1: He was the seventeeth signer of the Mayflower Compact. 8
    Baptism: in England ROMAN CATHOLIC 9
    Event: Comment 1 Mayflower Index #85721 13
    Emigration: 1620 Plymouth, MA 17 18 19 20 14 15
    Event: Ethnicity/Relig. Separatist/Dissenter 6
    Occupation: Pilgrim - Wool comber in Leyden, Holland 6 4
    Probate: 5 JUN 1663 20 14 15
    Will: 7 DEC 1659 20 14 15
    Event: Resided 2 BET 1609 AND 2020 Plymouth, Plymouth, MA
    Event: Resided BET 1607 AND 2009 Leyden,Holland
    Residence: England > Holland > Plymouth via MAYFLOWER 6 4
    Note:

    The following is take from the infromation titled Families of the Pilgrims compiled for the Massachusetts Society of Mayflower Descendants, by Hubert Kinney Shaw. Published by Massachesetts Society of Mayflower Descendants 9 Walnut street, Boston Mass.
    Cooke Familey Surnames Three Generations
    Bartlett Shaw Cooke Soule Cushman Swift Doty Taber Hathaway Tinkham Hayward Tomson Mitchell Washburn Price West Read (Reed) Wilcox Rickard Wright
    The following is quoted from The Mayflower Descendant, Vol. VII, pages 48-49:The marriage of Francis Cooke at Leyden, in 1603, is recorded in the 'Kerkelijke Houwelijke', Liber E, Folio 69, verso ... (but) the date is not given as a part of the marriage record; ... It is probable ... that the date of Francis Cooke's marriage was June 30, 1603 ..." (The English Translation) :Source: World Family Tree CD's [Vol.10] #3195 Netherlands
    "Francis Cooke, woolcomber, unmarried, from England, accompanied by Philip De Veau and Raphael Roelandt, his acquaintances, with " Hester Mahieu, unmarried, from Canterbury in England, accompanied by Jennie Mahieu, her mother, and Jennie Mahieu, her sister.
    "As the terms 'Jongman' and 'Jonge Dochter' were applied only to those who had never before been married, it is clear that this was the first, and subsequent records show that it was the only marriage of either of the contracting parties. The fact that the bride, Hester Mahieu, was from Canterbury, England, while seemingly in conflict with Governor Edward Winslow's statement - 'also the wife of Francis Cooke being a Walloone, holds communion with the church at Plymouth, as she came from the French,' really confirms it, as there was at the time of this marriage a large Walloon church at Canterbury, and the records of this church, as printed in the fifth volume of the Publications of the Huguenot Society of London, show a large number of baptisms, marriages and deaths of persons by the name of Mahieu. ..
    "The credit for the discovery of the record of Francis Cooke's marriage belongs to Mr. george H> Smith, of New York City, according to a communication in the genealogical columns of the Boston Evening Transcript of November 28, 1904.

    George Ernest Bowman reported in The Mayflower Descendant, Vol. III, pages 95-105, considerable data about Francis Cooke and his familey; the following is quoted from Mr. Bowman's article:
    "The date of his (Francisis) birth is ... unknown and the record of his death contains no mention of his age; but in August, 1643, trhe Plymouth authorities made a list of all men in the Colony, between the ages of sixteen and sixty, who were able to bear arms. The fact that Francis Cooke name appears in this list is sufficient evidence that he was than under sixty years of age. He must therefore been born after August, 1583. Againest this official record, which is practically the statement of Francis Cooke himself and must be accepted accordingly, can be put nothing but the following entry in Bradford's list of passangers: 'Francis Cooke is still living, a very old man, and hath seene his children's children have children:' and the marginal note in an unknown hand: 'dyed April 7, 1663 above 80.'
    "This marginal note is by the same hand that added the notes concerning the deaths of Bradford and Standish both of which are incorrect. (The Mayflower Descendant, Vol.I: pages 12, 13.) ...
    When Bradford wrote the words quoted, early in 1651, his own age was sixty one and he was but sixty seven when he died, yet he considered himself 'aged' ...
    "Francis Cooke was probably a husbandman after he came to Plymouth, as there is no evidence that he had a trade and both of his sons became farmers. ... (and) his frequent service on the grand inquest and trial juries and as a surveyor of highways makes it clear that he was a man of sound judgement and had the respect and confidence of the community.

    "Francis Cooke and his son John embarked on the Speedwell at Delfs-haven in July, 1620, leaving behind Hester and the other children. At Southhampton or Plymouth, England, they were transferred to the Mayflower and in her set sail from the latter place on Wednesday, September 6/16, 1620. ..,.
    "... December 28/January 7, 1620/1, the Pilgrims divide themselves into nineteen families in order to reduce the number of houses to be built, and cast lots for locations. Francis Cooke's plot was on the south side of the street, with Isaac Allerton and Edward Winslow on the east and west. (Mourt's Relation, pp. 23,24, and The Mayflower Descendant, I :227)
    "He was one of the 'Purchasers" who in 1627 bought all the rights of the "Adventurers", and in the division of cattle made Tuesday, May 22/June 1, 1627, the first lot, the smallest of the four black heifers and two shee goats, fell to his company of thirteen, composed of himself, his wife Hester, his sons John and Jacob, and daughters Jane, Hester and Mary; also Moses Simonson, Philip Delano, Experience Mitchell, John Faunce, Joshua Pratt and Phineas Pratt. The record of this division contains the earliest mention yet found of the names of his wife and children. (The Mayflower Descendant, I :149)

    [Brøderbund WFT Vol. 1, Ed. 1, Tree #5322, Date of Import: Aug 30, 1998]
    BRADFORD OF PLYMOUTH by Bradford Smith 1951, p.18:
    That he (Gov.Bradford) should have been choson above all the rest--even above older men like Cooke or Allerton or Fuller their doctor--is a mark of favor..."
    p.21: "Of the 41 men who signed the Mayflower Compact but eighteen survived, and only six of these were from the Leyden congregation--Bradford, Brewster, Winslow, Allerton, Fuller and Cooke...."
    p.115: separation from family, "Francis Cooke took along his son John, parting from his wife and three small daughters (who remained in Leyden, Holland)."
    p.125: age of MAYFLOWER passengers, "...only four had reached their fifties. They included Brewster and Carver, each fifty-four, and Mrs. Brewster who was fifty-two."
    p.127: "Not one of the MAYFLOWER passengers was entitled to a coat of arms... Francis Cooke was the grandson of Sir Anthony Cooke, a stout Protestant who had fled England in bloody Mary's time."
    p.148: frightened by Indians, "Plymouth gave the alarm, those working in the woods dropped their tools and retreated to the buildings. When Standish and Cooke went back to pick them up, the tools had disappeared."
    p.153: young men were vigorous, determined..Plymouth in the spring of 1621... Since Cooke and Fuller had left their wives in Holland, all the civic leaders were in their prime and without women--a circumstance which has neveer been noted and which gives a picture very different from that popularly conjured up by the term "Pilgrim fathers."
    pp.160-61: men with families got houses first..."The next group to claim houses would be those with children. Allerton was left with three, while Eaton and Cooke had each one... Allerton and Cooke did get houses..." housing arrangements assigned to all inhabitants..."This leaves only the Rogers and Crackston boys and little "Henery" Samson, a cousin of the deceased Tilleys and apparently an orphan, to go into the Cooke or Allerton homes, thus leaving each house with a population of between six and eight."
    p.193: Arrival of ANNE 14 July 162-: "Francis Cooke embraced his wife Hester and his three children aged from five to eight, of whom only the oldest remembered him."
    p.268: deaths in the epidemic of 1633: "Both William Wright and Sam Fuller were carried off in the epidemic of 1633, along with Cuthbertson and his wife (Allerton's sister). Francis Cooke, Peter Browne and Francis Eaton of the MAYFLOWER, John Adams of the FORTUNE, Thomas Blossom and Richard Masterson of the second MAYFLOWER had also succumbed."
    p.288: "In 1642 the sense of danger had risen to the surface again because of an Indian fued betwee the Narragansetts and Mohicans. A council of war was set up with Bradford at its head... In 1644 the town was divided into military companies to meet an emergency and Bradford took charge of a company which included Prence (who soon after removed to Eastham), Hanbury, Lee, Howland, Cooke (the younger as his father Francis had died in 1633), Phineas Pratt, Gregory Armstrong and John Winslow.

    Francis Cooke, from" SAINTS AND STRANGERS":
    p.88: of the hamlet of Blyth.
    p.122-23: (was MAYFLOWER Saint - Pilgrim) ...wool comber, citizen of Leyden, brought a son to Plymouth via MAYFLOWER.
    p.162: (at Plymouth)..."above the Common House...Here the street was intersected by a rough road, usually dignified as the Highway, which twisted its way down to the brook on one side and meandered off across the clearing on the other. Above this road, now Main Street, were the lots of John Billington, Isaac Allerton, Francis Cooke and Edward Winslow."
    p.169 (Indian scare) January 1621..."Capt. Jones chanced to spy two Indians, the first anyone had seen... Two weeks later...a Pilgrim...was startled to see a dozen painted warriers...he slipped away as soon as possible...to give the alarm. All at work in the woods...dropped their tools and ran for their blunderbusses... Toward evening, Standish and Francis Cooke cautiously returned to the woods to gather up their tools, but they were nowhere to be found."
    p.263 ...a scheme was born (1629). A monopoly in the colony's trade was granted to Allerton, Bradford & Standish...(and partners, "undertakers"). Undertakers paid all of the colony's debts...to supply Plymouth with shoes and hose...for six years... Among the signers (27 partners) were Staphen Hopkins, Edward Dotey, Deacon Samuel Fuller, Peter Browne and Francis Cooke...
    p.439...MAYFLOWER passengers: Cooke, Francis (1577-1633) -=- wool comber of Blyth, Notts, England. Amsterdam 1607-09; Leyden 1609-20; Purchaser 1626; died Plymouth.
    --arrived ANNE, 1623, Cooke, Hester (Mayhieu))(1592-1675)-Walloon, wife of Francis; m. Leyden c. 1613; chidlren: JANE (c.1615-1666) m. Ply c.1638 to Experience MITCHELL; died Bridgewater; 7 children. HESTER (c.1616-1666) in Plymouth 1644 to Richard, only child, a son, of William and Priscilla CARPENTER-WRIGHT; 3 chidlren. JACOB (1618-1675) m. 1646 to Damaris HOPKINS ; 1669 to Mrs. Elizabeth (Lettice) SHURTLEFF: 6 children.
    Francis COOKE's son, Deacon John (with father on MAYFLOWER)(1612-1695) married, 1634, Sarah WARREN (ANNE passenger), ; deacon c. 1634; deprived of office and excommunicated for turning Baptist during religious troubles, 1657; removed to Dartmouth (New Bedford) and became occasional Baptist preacher there.
    MAYFLOWER PASSENGERS, 1620: Francis Cooke, Deacon John Cooke and Damaris Hopkins; FORTUNE PASSENGERS, 1621: Richard Wright; ANNE PASSENGERS,1623: Hester Mayhieu, Sarah Warren, Jane Cooke, Experience Mitchell, and Hester Cooke.
    REFERENCES:
    SAINTS & STRANGERS by George Willison, 1945, p.88, 122-23, 162, 169, 236, 263, 439, and 446. \NKC\
    NOTE: U.S. President William Howard Taft was descendant of Francis Cooke.

    History and Genealogy of the Mayflower Planters by Leon Clark Hills, Pub. by Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, MD 1977, Two Volumes in One.
    >Passengers on Mayflower Pg.20, Probable Mayflower Passengers (from Leyden, Holland) Pg. 22, Lines 33&34.
    >Some info from WFT-Vol. 1, No. 2219 & Vol. 2, No. 6148 >There is a wonderful entry in Mr. Hill's book about Francis Cooke and his family on Pg. 156-160. On pgs. 158-160 it lists the children and grandchildren of Francis Cooke.
    >Quoted from WFT-Vol. 1, No. 5617 COOKE:
    Francis Cooke was one of the pilgrims that came of the "Mayflower" with his son John. His wife and other children came afterwards. He was one of the signatories of the Mayflower Compact. His granddaughter, Elizabeth Mitchell, married John Washburn 2nd.
    Hester Mahieu Cooke stayed in Leiden, Holland while her husband Francis and oldest son, John (8yrs) sailed on the Mayflower. At first, the pilgrims were to come to America on the 'Speedwell' but the ship proved unsea-worthy. The Mayflower, commissioned to bring the colony's supplies, took as many of the pilgrims as possible and the rest waited for a later ship. Hester and the children arrived in Plymouth in 1623.'
    From notes of William Bradford, 2nd Governor of Plymouth Plantation, written in1647: 'Francis Cooke is still living, a very old man, and hath seen his children's children have children. After his wife came over wth other of his children; he hath three still living by her, all married and have five children, so their increase is eight. And his son John which came over with him is married, and hath four children living.'[Brøderbund WFT Vol. 3, Ed. 1, Tree #1856, Date of Import: Sep 5, 1998]
    (copied by Dorothy Hardin Massey from the original records in Leyden, Holland in 1978 from the Walloon Church Bethrothal Records):
    (entered June 1603) Francis Cook, a woolcomber, bachelor, from England, accompanied by Philippe De Veau and Raphael Roelandt, his acquaintances, --- with-- Hester Mahieu, spinster, from Canterbury in England, accompanied by Jenny Mahieu her mother, and Jenny Mahieu her sister.
    (copied from the "Ferris Ancestry" Compiled by Sarah Louise Ferris Austin and Lucy Mae Pounds Smith):
    From Boston Transcript, Oct. 31, 1904, Genealogical Note # 637: (Also printed later in the "Mayflower Descendants"): "At the Gemeente Archief (Offical Archives) Leyden, Holland to which building the records of the Pilgrim Fathers have been removed from the Stadhuis, or City Hall, under the date of June 30, 1603, is the following:
    "Franchoys Couck, a jongman, from England, a woolcomber, accompanied by Philip de Veau and Raphael Roelandt, as witnessess, was married to Hester Mahieu, a young dochter, from Cantelbuch, England, and she brought her mother, Jenne Mahieu and her sister Jenne Mahieu as her witnesses:"
    "As found by the Keeper of the Records of the 'Official Archieves,' August 24, 1904, for the son of Cinderella Cooke (Constant, Captain Peter, Deacon Nicholas, Nicholos, Walter Cooke of Weymouth, Mass.), my kinsman; who has the keeper copy of this record officially stamped.
    (Mrs H. Ruth Cooke ,Westfield, N.J.)
    (from notes and letters of Harry Earl Cook recorded on CD 102 file ACKLES #1)
    "He (Francis Cooke) was a student of St. Johns College, Cambridge, 1592 (Cambridge Archives). He married Hester le Mahieu, daughter of Jean and Jeanne le Mahieu of Dinant, France, in the French-Wallon Church at Canterbury, England in July 1603 (Canterbury Archives)." [ My thoughts: Did he marry her twice? Was Hester from Canterbury or born in Leyden? Were her parents from France or as other records show Jean born in Holland and Jeanne in Canterbury?]
    "From 1603 to 1608 Francis and Hester lived quietly in the tiny village of Blyth, Motts, near Scooby, where they were original members of Robinson's Congregation. In 1608 King James made it so hot for Robinson and his people that they took off for Holland in two Dutch ships. One of the Dutch Captains betrayed his passengers and they were thrown into the pokey, but the other ship made it to Amsterdam, where we find Francis on the list of Robinson's people, but not Hester. Late in 1608 or early 1609 the Congregation moved from Amsterdam to Leyden, Holland where Hester joined Francis and Jane, John, Jacob and Hester Jr. were born. In 1620 Francis and son John settled aboard the Mayflower, landing at Plymoth, Mass. They were joined by Hester, Jane, Jacob, and Hester Jr. who came over in the Anne in July 1623. In 1626 Mary was born at Plymouth."

    Francis Cooke was the 17th signer of the "Mayflower Compact", 1620. [Brøderbund WFT Vol. 4, Ed. 1, Tree #2540, Date of Import: Sep 5, 1998]
    FRANCIS COOKE WAS OF BAWTRY PARISH OF BLYTH, YORKSHIRE, ENGLAND. HIS FATHER AND GRANDFATHER ARE SAID TO HAVE BEEN SILK MERCERS. THE PARISH RECORDS OF BLYTH ATTEST TO THE MANORIAL RIGHTS OF THE FAMILY, ALSO TO THEIR OWNERSHIP OF THE CONVENT OF BLYTH AS EARLY AS 1540.
    OF ROMAN CATHOLIC FAMILY, FRANCIS COOKE WON OVER TO THE SEPARATIST BY THE STRONG PRESSURE OF RELIGIOUS CONVICTION WHICH SPREAD ALONG THE LINE OF THE GREAT NORTHERN ROAD LEADING FROM LONDON TO SCOTLAND, AND WAS ONE OF THE "EXILES FROM SCROOBY" TO LEYDEN, HOLLAND, WHERE HE MARRIED HESTER WHO IS KNOWN AS A WALLOON FROM THE SOUTHERN PROVINCE OF BELGIUM.
    HE WITH HIS SON JOHN - AFTERWARD KNOWN AS REV. JOHN COOKE - CAME TO PLYMOUTH IN THE "MAYFLOWER", 1620. HESTER HIS WIFE FOLLOWED WITH THE REST OF THE CHILDREN IN THE "ANNE", 1623
    THIS PILGRIM WAS ONE OF THE SIGNERS OF THE MAYFLOWER COMPACT. HE WAS MADE FREEMAN IN 1663, IN 1634 REFEREE IN SETTLEMENT OF VARIOUS AFFAIRS BETWEEN MEMBERS OF THE COLONY. UNTIL 1640 HIS NAME APPEARS CONSTANTLY IN SOME CAPACITY PERFORMING IMPORTANT DUTIES FOR THE GOVERNMENT. HE DIED APR 7, 1663 AGED ABOUT 86 YEARS. HE IS SPOKEN OF IN THE DEATH RECORDS AS "FRANCIS COOKE THE ANCESTOR", AND BRADFORD THE PILGRIM HISTORIAN STATES THAT "HE LIVED TO SEE HIS CHILDRENS CHILDREN HAVE CHILDREN" HESTER HIS WIFE IS KNOWN TO HAVE SURVIVED HIM FOR A NUMBER OF YEARS.

    "WILL OF FRANCIS COOKE"
    THE LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT OF FRANCIS COOKE, OF PLYMOUTH, LATE DECEASED, EXIBITED BEFORE THE COURT HELD AT PLYMOUTH AFORESAID, THE FIRST DAY OF JUNE 1663, ON THE OATH OF MR. JOHN ALDEN AND MR. JOHN HOWLAND.
    THE LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT OF FRANCIS COOKE MADE THIS SEVENTH OF THE 10th MONTH, 1659
    "I BEING AT YE PRESENT WEAK AND INFIRM IN BODY YET IN PERFECT MEMORY THRO MERCY DOE COMT MY SOUL UNTO GOD THAT GAVE IT, AND MY BODY TO THE EARTH WHICH MY WILL IS SHOULD BE INTERED IN A DECENT AND COMELY MANNER. AS FOR SUCH GOODS AND LAND AS I STAND POSSESSED OF I DOE WILL AND BEQUEATH AS FOLLOWETH:
    1. MY WILL IS THAT HESTER MY DEAR AND LOVING WIFE SHALL HAVE ALL MY MOVEABLE GOODS AND ALL MY CATTLE OF ALL KINDS VIZ. MEAT CATTLE HORSE KIND SHEEP AND SWINE TO BE AT HER DISPOSE.
    2. MY WILL IS THAT HESTER MY WIFE SHALL HAVE AND OCCUPY MY LANDS BOTH UPLANDS AND MEADOW LANDS WHICH AT PRESENT I POSSESS DURING HER LIFETIME.
    3. I DO ORDAINE AND APPOINT MY DEAR WIFE AND MY SON JOHN COOKE JOYNT EXECUTORS OF THIS MY SAID WILL. FRANCIS COOKE
    WITTNESS, - JOHN ALDEN, JOHN HOWLAND

    SOME SOURCES SAY BORN GIDES HALL, ESSEX, ENGLAND
    [Brøderbund WFT Vol. 11, Ed. 1, Tree #3278, Date of Import: Sep 7, 1998] !BIRTH: Francis Cooke of the Mayflower & his desc., p. 2.
    !MARRIAGE: betrothal recorded in ecclesiastical betrothal register dtd June 30, 1603 Leiden, Holland implies marriage to take place in Dutch Reformed Church or Walloon Reformed Church. No record of marriage in Dutch Reformed Church & Walloon Reformed Church as records don't exist prior to Sept 1604. Witn for Cooke were Phillippe de Veau & Raphael Roelandt; witn for Hester were mother & sister both named Jenne Mahieu. Cooke was a bachelor woolcomber from England & Hester was unmarried from Canterbury, Eng. [NEHGR 143:195-6]
    !DEATH: Date & place from Francis Cooke of the Mayflower, p. 2.
    !WILL: Dated Jan 7, 1659/60; pvd June 5, 1663 names wife Hester & son John.
    !MISC: Francis & Hester received letters of transfer from Walloon Church Aug 8, 1606 to go to Norwich, Eng. They returned & admitted back to Walloon Church New Years Day 1608.
    -1627 Divison of Cattle lists Francis Cooke, wife Hester, sons John & Jacob, daus Jane, Hester & Mary. [Mayflower - Cooke, p. 2]
    -1633 Freeman of Plymouth Colony 16-60 able to bear arms. "
    -June 10, 1646 he deeded to son Jacob. "
    -June 8, 1666 agreement between John Cooke, Jacob Cooke, Hester Wright wife Richard, & Mary Tomson wife John to dispose of land of Francis Cooke; Hester Cooke still living. [Mayflower - Cooke, p. 2 [Brøderbund WFT Vol. 6, Ed. 1, Tree #1255, Date of Import: Sep 16, 1998]

    REFERENCES;
    History and Genealogy of the Mayflower Planters by Leon Clark Hills Genealogicial Publishing Co. Inc., Baltimore 1981
    The Great Migration Begins Immigrants to New England 1620-1633 Volume I A-F New England Historic Genealogicial Society ,Boston 1995

    ADDITIONAL INFORMATION;
    Francis Cooke immigrated to America with his son John in the Mayflower. His wife and daughters came later in the Anne.
    The will of Francis Cooke is recorded in Plymouth Colony Wills and Inventories
    Vol. II part II, Folios 1 and 2. It is dated 7 Oct. 1659.
    The seven children of Francis and Hester Mahieu are identified in The Great Migration Begins, p.470.
    [Brøderbund WFT Vol. 1, Ed. 1, Tree #2308, Date of Import: Sep 27, 1998]
    taken from; PLYMOUTH COLONY ITS HISTORY & PEOPLE 1620-1691
    COOKE, FRANCIS - A 1620 "Mayflower" passenger, Francis Cooke married Hester Mayhieu at Leiden 30 June 1603, the records there describing him as a woolcomber, unmarried, from England (MD 8 :48). Thus he was in Holland before the arrival of the Clyfton/Robinson Separatists. He was probably born no earlier than 1583, for he must have been under sixty in 1643 when he was on the ATBA for Plymouth, and yet not much after 1583 if he married in 1603. He appears frequently in Plymouth records on grand and trail juries, as a surveyor of the highwarys, on variou ad hoc committees, and in a number of land transactions. (See Bowman's "Francis Cooke and His Descendants," MD 3:95) He came to Plymouth with son John, and Francis's wife and their daughter Jane and son Jacob arrived on the "Anne" in 1623. Two more children, Hester and Mry, were born at Plymouth. Jane married Experience Mitchell; Hester married Richard Wright; and Mary married John Thompson. Francis's son Jacob married Damaris Hopkins, daughter of Stephen. "Dawes-Gates," 2:239-57 gives a good account of both father Francis Cooke and son Jacob Cooke. Another good account of the Francis Cooke Family can be found in "Small Descendants, 2;601. Francis died 7 April 1663 (PCR 8;23). [Brøderbund WFT Vol. 8, Ed. 1, Tree #3415, Date of Import: Oct 16, 1998]
    All descendants of Francis Cooke, Jr. had through him, three Mayflower male ancestors: 1. Francis Cooke 2. Steven Hopkins
    3. James Chilton (through his wife, Ruth Sylvester Cooke, they were decended from Elder Wm. Brewster of the Mayflower.

    REFERENCE: THE PILGRIM READER BY GEORGE WILLISON
    Though a large vessel for her day, displacing 180 tons,. the MAYFLOWER was crowded in the gunwales, having 102 passengers on board with all their necessary gear and supplies for establishing a new beachhead in America along the wild North Atlantic shore.
    No notion is more firmly implanted in the American mind that those on the Mayflower were a friendly and momogeneous group, all from Scrooby by way of Amsterdam and Leyden, closely knit by personal and family ties and by hardships they had suffered together because of their religious beliefs.
    As a matter of fact, only 3 were from Scrooby...William and Mary Brewster and William Bradford. Of those on board, little more than a third came from the Green Gate at Leyden.
    (Scrooby was a tiny and inconsequential hamlet lying approximately in the center of England almost at the tip of the narrow northern neck of Nottinghamshire. It was an isolated countryside in the fenlands, poor and sparsely settled. The law forbade any subject to leave the realm without permission of the Crown, so that the Separists attempts to reach Holland provided ground for prosecution and persecution. The Scrooby exiles had been drawn to Amsterdam by the presence there of a large english congregation. Those from Scrooby found many old friends there. Those from Scrooby suffered a very painful and embarrassing time at Amsterdam., though one would never guess it from the Pilgrim records. They finally removed to Leyden........
    After a long beating at sea they fell with that land which is called Cape Cod. Being thus arrived in good harbor and brought safe to land they fell upon their knees and blessed ye God of Heaven who had brought them from all perils and miseries thereof,"againe to set their feete on ye firme and stable earth."
    Being thus passed ye ocean and sea of troubles, they had no new friends to wecome them. Nor inns to entertaine them or refresh their weatherbeaten bodies...no houses or much less townes to repaire to, to seek for comforte. And for ye season, it is winter. And that they know ye winters in that countrie know them to be sharp and violent. And subject to feirce stormes, and deangerous to travel to known places.
    Besides, what could they see but hideous and desolate wilderness, full of wild beastes and willd men? (Spelling as written)

    It is true, they still had the Mayflower for comfort. Ostensibly, the Pilgrims had been bound for Virginia, more particularly for some place about Hudson's River. They had a patent for a particular plantation in Virginia. After months of rocking along in the overcrawded ship and tired of their stale narrow quarters all were eager to go ashore. But no one was allowed to go. Things had taken an alarming turn as the ship came into the harbor.

    From Bradford's history:
    "Immediate action was necessary., occasioned by ye discontented and mutinous speeches that some of the strangers amongst them had let fall from in ye ship....That when they came ashore they would use their own liberties; for none had the power to command them, the patente had been for Virginia, and not for New England. And it belonged to another government, with which ye Virginia Company had nothing to doe."
    THE MAYFLOWER COMPACT "In ye name of God, Amen."
    We, whose names are underwritten, the loyall subjects of our read soveraigne Lord, King James.....having undertaken for ye gloris of God and advancements of ye Christian faith, and honour of our kning and countrie, a voyage to plant ye first colonie in ye Northerne parts of Virginia, doo by these presents solumnly and mutually in the presence of God, and one of another, covenant and combine ourselves togeather into a civill body politik for our better ordering and preservation and furtherance of ye ends foresaid; and by Vertue thereof to enacte, constitute, and frame just and equall laws, ordinances, acts, constitutions, and offices, from time to time as shall be thought most meets and convenient for ye generall good of ye Colonie, unto which we promise all due submission and obedience. (Here on the deck of the Mayflower, at this first generall assemblie of Pilgrims was born that great democratic institution, the New England Town Meeting.

    (The original of this document has been lost. Those from Leyden marked with an askerik* FRANCIS COOKE*
    Edward Tilley* Degory Priest*
    John Carver John Tilley* Thomas Williams John Howland
    William Bradford * Thomas Robers* Gilbert Winslow Stephen Hopkins
    Edward Winslow Thomas Tinker* Edmund Margeson
    William Brewster* John Rigdale Peter Browne
    Isaac Allenton Edward Fuller Richard Britteridge
    Miles Standish John Turner* George Soule
    John Alden Francis Eaton Richard Clark
    Samuel Fuller James Chilton Richard Gardiner
    Christopher Martin* John Crackston* John Alleton
    William Mullins John Billington Thomas English
    William White* Moses Fletcher* Edward Dotey
    Richard Warren John Goodman* Edward Leister.

    March 21, 1621 three months after entering the harbor, the last of the Pilgrims, probably women and children, for the most part, left the Mayflower to live henceforth on shore. Evidently there were now sufficient houses to receive them. Also Captain Jones was making preparations to take the Mayflower home.
    In the first awful winter at Plymouth, which was a comparatively mild one as New England winters go, whole families perished......four in fact...numbering twelve in all.
    By early spring, when the worse was over only 3 married couples remained unbroke, The death of both parents left many children orphaned, including Priscilla Mullins, Joh Alden's future bride who was taken in by the Brewsters.
    The "generall visitation" took it's highest toll among the wives only five of eighteen surviving. More than half the heads of hous[currie.ftw]

    BRADFORD OF PLYMOUTH by Bradford Smith 1951, p.18:
    That he (Gov.Bradford) should have been choson above all the rest--even above older men like Cooke or Allerton or Fuller their doctor--is a mark of favor..."
    p.21: "Of the 41 men who signed the Mayflower Compact but eighteen survived, and only six of these were from the Leyden congregation--Bradford, Brewster, Winslow, Allerton, Fuller and Cooke...."
    p.115: separation from family, "Francis Cooke took along his son John, parting from his wife and three small daughters (who remained in Leyden, Holland)."
    p.125: age of MAYFLOWER passengers, "...only four had reached their fifties. They included Brewster and Carver, each fifty-four, and Mrs. Brewster



    continued: see Notes Hester Mayhieu




    Marriage 1 Hester Mahieu b: ABT 1584 in Canterbury, England
    • Married: 4 JUL 1603 in Leydon, Holland
    Children
    1. Has Children Jane Cooke b: ABT 1604 in Leyden, Holland
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