Rice, Humphrey, Shattuck,Gervais, Beaudette, Angell, Hammond and allied lines

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  • ID: I13758
  • Name: James Cudworth , General
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 1604 in Allerston, North Yorkshire, England
  • Death: 2 NOV 1682 in London, England
  • Note:
    James Cudworth

    CUDWORTH, James, colonist, born in England about 1612; died there in 1682. He was an elder brother of Ralph Cudworth, famous among Cambridge Platonists, and came to America in 1634, settling in Plymouth. Later he removed to Scituate, where for several years he was prominent in public affairs, and one of the council of war. He was a brave and prudent officer, and commanded the Plymouth troops during the Indian war with King Philip, winning a military reputation second only to that of Miles Standish. He became unpopular on account of his opposition to the severe measures taken against the Quakers. In 1681 he was made deputy governor, and during the same year sent to England as an agent for the colony, but died soon after his arrival. Some of his letters on public, business are still extant.



    Edited Appletons Encyclopedia, Copyright 2001 VirtualologyTM



    further from WorldConnect:

    Cater-Cousins
    Entries: 908 Updated: 2005-09-28 21:46:36 UTC (Wed) Contact: Lynne Perez

    "Sailed to America in 1632 on the ship "Charles". Was Captain of the Militia. Representative of the General Court, Asst to the Govenor, advocate of religion tolerance, and in 1675 became Commander in Chief of the Pilgrim forces during King Phillip's War. In 1681 he travelled back to England as the colony's Commissioner to the English government where he died in May of 1682. There are papers in possession of the NEHGS, a copy of the "Pedigrees of the Mali Catuli or Saxon family of Machell, Lords of Crakenthorpe in Westmorland, with the collateral branches of the Machells of Lincoln, Bucks, Essex, Surry, and London. From these papers it is learned that the maternal grandfather of Gen James Cudworth was John Machell, a descendant in the 18th generation from Ulf le Machell de Catulino, one of whose sons was Half le Machel time of Henry 1, about 1100-1135 who by wife Eva, was the ancestor of the daughter of Sir Nicholas Woodroffe, Kt. They had 7 children, among whom was Mary, nurse of Prince Henry, son of James 1. Mary married first Rev Ralph Cudworth Sr., she married second Rev. John Stoughton. "

    and another:

    The Beswick Family
    Entries: 4936 Updated: Thu Apr 1 08:46:14 2004 Contact: Bill Beswick

    "James Cudworth, (salter), was a freeman in Scituate 1634. We think
    it probable, that he came from London to Boston, 1632, in company with
    Mr. Hatherly, as he was Mr. Hatherly's particular friend. His house in
    1640, was near the bridge at the harbour, which he sold to Thomas Ensign
    1642, and removed to Barnstable. He returned before 1646, when he became
    one of the Conihassett Partners. After his return from Barnstable he
    resided for a time on the south-east of Colman's hills: which house he
    sold to Thomas Robinson before 1650. He then resided during life near
    the little Musquashcut pond. Ward Litchfield now possesses the land and
    house lot. In 1652, he was Capt. of the militia of Scituate. He was
    deputy to the Colony Court 1649, and several succeeding years. He was an
    assistant of the government in 1656, 7 and 8. Also a commissioner of the
    United Colonies, 1657. In 1658, he fell under the displeasure of those
    commissioners because he would not set his hand to the severe laws which
    that board propounded to the several General Courts, to be enacted
    against the Quakers, and also under the displeasure of Gov. Prence and
    the Court of Plymouth, for the stand which he took in favour of
    toleration. Occasion was sought to displace him. A letter was produced
    which it was suspected he was the author of, sent to England, and
    describing the bigotry of the government. Another letter to the Governor
    was produced, in which some expressions were so construed, that he was
    judged to be ""a manifest opposer of the government,"" and he was left
    out of the magistracy and the board of Commissioners, and deprived of h
    military command 1658, and disfranchised 1660. In 1659, the town of
    Scituate returned him a deputy to the Court, and the Court rejected him.
    In all the passages of the life of this admirable man, he never
    manifested his magnanimity more signally, than by his dignified silence
    and quiet demeanor under these persecutions. He remained at home,
    prosecuting his agricultural pursuits, and employed in the municipal
    concerns of Scituate, without railing at the government. The Colony was
    at peace with the natives, and his commanding talents could be spared
    from the government."
    In 1673 he was made a Major and in 1674 was at the rank of General.
    In 1680 he was appointed with Governor Winslow and Thomas Hinckley, then
    Deputy-Governor, to prepare an address to Charles II in regard to the
    enlargement of the civil and religious liberties of the Colonists.
    "On June 7, 1681 Cudworth was chosen Deputy Governor. Yet a still
    greater honor was in store for him. In September of that year, while
    holding this office, he was made agent of the colony and dispatched to
    London to cooperate with William Blathwayt in obtaining from the Crown a
    new charter patterned after that of Connecticut. In this Charles had
    repeatedly encouraged them. Its accomplishment was very near to their
    hearts. Only a man in whose diplomatic ability and honesty they had the
    utmost confidence would be chosen for such a mission. Cudworth was
    selected not alone because he possessed these qualities, nor because the
    Court sought still further to make amends, but because the embassy
    required a man who was at the same time patiently persistent and
    untiring. On September 15, 1681, before he sailed, he made his will
    which was proved and allowed July 7, 1682."


    and more:

    James CUDWORTH (Gen.)
    1604 - 1680
    TITLE: Gen.

    BIRTH: 1604, Aller, Somerset, England [1045]
    DEATH: 1680, England [1046]
    Father: Ralph CUDWORTH
    Mother: Mary MACHELL

    Family 1 :
    James CUDWORTH
    +Mary CUDWORTH
    Jonathan CUDWORTH
    Israel CUDWORTH
    Joanna CUDWORTH
    Jonathan (2) CUDWORTH


    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    _Rauf CUDWORTH __+
    _Rauf CUDWORTH ___|
    | |_Agnes LEES _____+
    _Ralph CUDWORTH _|
    | | _Arthur ASHTON __
    | |_Jane ASHTON _____|
    | |_________________
    |
    |--James CUDWORTH
    |
    | _________________
    | _Matthew MACHELL _|
    | | |_________________
    |_Mary MACHELL ___|
    | _Edward LEWKNOR _+
    |_Mary LEWKNOR ____|
    |_Dorothy WROTH __


    --------------------------------------------------------------------------------


    [1047] Source: Records of the Cudworth Family, A History of the Ancestors and
    Descendants of James Cudworth of Scituate, MA; W.
    John Calder; 1941.
    A Little Commonwealth, Family Life in Plymouth Colony; John
    Demos; 1970.

    James Cudworth was an educated man of an educated family of country
    gentlemen, who lived by farming, intersperced with sheep raising, and t
    sale of wool to English, and Flemish weavers of cloth. James had a clear
    understanding of business methods, knew a little law, and probably had
    more or less to do with colonizing the new country in America, in
    connection with Timothy Hatherley, who we think, but cannot prove, w
    acting agent of the Earl of Warrick, a long time friend of the Cudworth
    amd landlord of the Stoughtons of Coggshall. James came to New England
    in the ship "Charles" in company with Timothy Hatherley, and they landed
    in Salem. He made a connection with Israel and Thomas Stoughton who had
    arrived in the Winthrop expedition of 1630, and had settled in what is
    now Dorchester, MA. He seems to have kept up his association with
    Timothy Hatherley, and probably had something to do with the placing of
    colonists in appropriate settlements in and around Boston and Plymouth.
    He probably met and married his wife in the vicinity of Boston rather
    than Plymouth. Our first knowledge of them is related to the setteling
    of the village of Scituate, a promotion of Timothy Hatherley, in a form
    visit to New England, in 1628, when eight families of settlers were
    established there. James Cudworth and his wife, newly married, became
    the nineth, and with money borowed in part from Isael Stoughton, bought
    his lot of land, and built his home there. That was probably in the
    winter and spring of 1634, and his letter to Rev. John Stoughton of
    Aldermanbury, England who was his stepfather, is our first indication of
    his new venture.

    After having served for more than two decades as an Assistant, Cudworth
    in 1680 acepted a mission to England, to plead for the Colony in the
    delicate political negotiations then in progress. He was at the time 76
    years old. He survived the long ocean voyage without difficulty, only to
    contact smallpox and die within days of his arrival.


    [1045] [S60] Records of the Cudworth Family; W. John Calder; 1941; p. 22


    [1046] [S61] A Little Commonwealth, Family Life in Plymouth Colony; John Demos; 1970; p. 175







    Marriage 1 Mary Parker b: ABT 1606 in England
    • Married: 1 FEB 1633/34 in Northam, Devonshire, England
    Children
    1. Has Children Mary Elizabeth Cudworth b: 23 JUL 1637 in Scituate, Plymouth, Mass
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