Name: Eliza WEEKS WEEKES
Birth: 1816 in Eire Dublin Ireland
Death: 21 JUN 1891 in Lansdown Goulburn NSW
Note: NSW BDM 6509/1891 F Unknown Weeks M Unknown
Burial: Church of England Section of the Goulburn Cemetery. The undertaker was R. Sidney Craig, and the witnesses were James Summergreen and C. Ware.
Note: cause of death was given as "Morbus Cordis" from which she had suffered for "several years", precipitated by a case of "broncho pneumonia" that had lasted for three weeks before it ended her life.
Occupation: House Servant
Religion: Church of England
Change Date: 6 NOV 2012
Arrived on ship RED ROVER - Assisted Immigrant August 1832 - 144 poor females from Cork and Dublin Ireland
ship mainly consisted of orphan girls from ireland. The ship took 122 days to sail to Sydney, she was a free person. She married John Jobson in 1836 although they had their first child in 1833, they went on to have 15 children John Jobson was a convict from warwickshire, transported for stealing 2 pistols in 1822, he was transported on the guilford. On eliza's death certificate both her parents are shown as unknown, her father being unknown weeks.
An article in the Limerick Evening Post and Clare Sentinal, on the 3rd April, 1832:-
New Wives for New South Wales - a vessel, we believe the "Red Rover" - has been taken up by the government, for the purpose of conveying 200 free female emigrants,from Cork to New South Wales. They will be provided with situations, or husbands, as chance may offer, on their arrival.
Profile of Eliza Weeks (abt 1817 ? 1891)
Eliza Weeks was one of the young women brought to the colony of New South Wales from Ireland on the Red Rover in August 1832 (#97). Her origins are currently unknown. A Mrs Kenny of Cowpastures took her into her care on arrival, along with another young woman, Katherine Ryan.
Age: On her arrival documents, Eliza?s age is given as 20 years. On the record of her marriage in 1836 her age is given as 24 years, but for some reason it seems that she may have given a false birth date to immigration officials. Information on her death certificate, provided by her son Charles Jobson, records her age as 75 years in June 1891, and that she had lived in the Colony for 60 years. The reasons why she might have had an incentive to claim to be older are unclear but suggestive of a desire to escape the conditions of life in Ireland and to engage with whatever adventures migration might bring.
Marriage: On 11 July, 1836 Eliza Weeks married John Jobson (1805 ? 1880) "by Banns" at the Bungonia Courthouse. The witnesses were Charles E. Newcombe and S.L.McGillivray, both of Inverary (the property of Dr David Reid). A former convict from Birmingham, John Jobson was transported to the Colony in 1822 on the Guildford, for stealing two pistols. Earlier convictions have been recorded against him in Warwickshire. Eliza seems to have formed a liaison with him very soon after her arrival as prior to her marriage she had borne him two sons, John Weeks/Jobson (1833-1900) and William (1835-1902). These boys were the first of Eliza?s 15 children. She bore 11 boys and 4 girls in all.
On his arrival in the colony, John Jobson attempted to escape from Emu Plains and was transported to Port Macquarie on the Sally, to serve the remainder of his sentence. His Certificate of Freedom was issued on 10 April, 1827.
In the 1828 muster, John Jobson is recorded as working at Sutton?s Forest as a bullock driver. Contrary to speculation by the Goulburn Historical Society, he had made his way to the Southern Highlands before the arrival of the Red Rover in 1832. The question of how he met Eliza Weeks is unresolved. John Jobson?s childhood and adolescent experiences of poverty and brutality in the UK and in Australia suggest that he would have been ill-prepared for parenthood, and the mixed fortunes of the children of this marriage bear witness to that fact.
Family: The children of Eliza Jobson were a controversial lot. According to a story published by the Goulburn Historical Society, four of her sons seem to have constituted themselves as a band of bushrangers, led by her eldest son, John, who had a record of bushranging, cattle and horse stealing, and an uncanny ability to escape from custody. Her sons John, Robert, Charles and Henry all appear in the deposition registers held by State Records (see attached list).
There is no indication that the other sons shared this predisposition to criminal behaviour, and in fact some of them made major contributions to the development of Goulburn and its surrounding areas. William Jobson (1835 ? 1902) - my great great grandfather ? acquired considerable wealth and property during his life, and was in a position to employ servants. He is recorded as having owned sale yards and abattoirs; he discovered slate at Towrang, established a quarry, and persuaded the State government to set up a railway siding at there to more easily transport the slate to Sydney; he is listed as one of the more enterprising entrepreneurs of Goulburn. While the suggestion by the Goulburn Historical Society that William used his licence to manage the Sale Yards as a front to sell the cattle his brothers stole cannot be disregarded, it remains speculation. It is equally possible that William could have considered assisting his brothers in such a way as being counter-productive for his business interests. As the family dispute over the payment of upkeep for his mother indicates, he was not averse to challenging the claims his family might make of him.
At this stage I have no reliable information about Thomas, Edward, George, James or Samuel, in terms of occupations or predispositions.
Eliza bore six healthy children (five boys and one girl) between 1833 and 1840 ? this rapid succession of births would have placed huge demands on her, and left her with little time for what we now refer to as "quality time" with her children. Apart from her first daughter, Mary ? who married in 1856 at 19 years of age ? Eliza could rely on little assistance with childcare from daughters, since Eliza was not born until 1846 and Maria until 1854.
In 1892, Eliza?s son John was charged with "inhumanity" to his eight year old son. John Jobson apparently stated that, "If I had been properly chastised myself I would not have been half as bad as I have been". It seems clear that, at the beginning of their life together, neither Eliza nor John was particularly well-equipped for parenthood. The backgrounds of both John and Eliza suggest a feisty attitude to authority that their children emulated ? whether this amounted to law breaking or the use of litigation to secure business advantages.
Death: Eliza?s Weeks died on the 21st June, 1891. The cause of death was given as "Morbus Cordis" from which she had suffered for "several years", precipitated by a case of "broncho pneumonia" that had lasted for three weeks before it ended her life. She died at Lansdown, Goulburn. She was attended at her final illness by Dr L.G. Davidson who saw her on 15th June, 1891 ? a week before she died. She was buried on the 24th June, 1891 by the Rev A.T. Puddicombe, Church of England and is buried in the Church of England Section of the Goulburn Cemetery. The undertaker was R. Sidney Craig, and the witnesses were James Summergreen and C. Ware.
In the final years of her life, Eliza was apparently something of a burden to her family, as the Goulburn press reports a case against her son William brought by his sisters for breach of promise regarding undertakings for a financial contribution to his mother?s care. The case was dismissed.
Notes for Eliza WEEKS:
ELIZA WEEKS - BOUNTY IMMIGRANT
The "Red Rover" sailed from Dublin, Ireland, transporting young female bounty immigrants to Port Jackson and a new life. No male passengers were carried.
Caroline Chisholm, well-known for her work among under-privileged women, and a champion of women's and children's rights, had organised female immigration to the Colony. Her work is legend, and the "Red Rover" arrived in Sydney on 10th August, 1832, the Master of the vessel being paid seven pounds ten shillings for each female landed safely. Each and every woman and girl had been 'sponsored' by settler families or households in N.S.W. and assigned to that household in various positions such as servant, children's nurse, cook, etc. Two purposes had been served - these young women had been saved from destitution in the streets of Dublin, and the Colony gained young, strong and healthy - and just as important - free immigrants to provide the domestic service needed.
Eliza was assigned with her co-passenger Catherine Ryan (age shown as 26), to the household of a Mrs. Kenny at Cowpastures, both as House Servants. Their salary was set at nine pounds per annum each.
Eliza's age was shown at the time of her arrival as 20. However, it is believed, after further study of her life, that she was in fact just 15 years old.
At no time during Eliza's voyage or during her life here were the names of her parents and/or any family ever known on official documents.
How Eliza met John is a matter for imagination, for there is no record that can be researched to ascertain the meeting, but meet they did --- and in 1833, Eliza bore John's son - John Jobson (junior) - the first of their 15 children (11 sons and
4 daughters). They married at the Bungonia Court House in 1836.
Eliza's Obituary is attached, and she must reach out to touch your heart - a truly wonderful young woman who journeyed into the then unknown parts of Jerrara and Bungonia with John - bearing and rearing their children, and at the age of 75 on 21st June, 1891, leaving us with the greatest legacy known to mankind - a growing, hard-working and enterprising family, sharing their joys and their sorrows, searching out new horizons - moving on to Jacqua, Towrang, Gunning, Gundary, Marulan, Wagga, Broken Hill, and to Victoria and Tasmania. AND probably unknown to most - emulating their forebearers by living up to the Jobson motto "AQUILA PETIT SOLEM" - THE EAGLE STRIVES FOR THE SUN.
Eliza is interred in the old Church of England Cemetery in Goulburn with John who died on 8th February, 1880, aged 77 years, together with their daughter, Mary Ann Bailey, who died on 9th January, 1921, aged 83 years, and their grandson, Oliver, who died on Christmas Eve 1900, aged 14 years 10 months.
OBITUARY published in the Goulburn Herald Monday, 22nd June, 1891:
"Yesterday, Mrs. John Jobson died at the residence of her son, Mr. Charles Jobson, Lansdowne. Deceased was the widow of Mr. John Jobson, a well-known resident of the district. She was a native of Dublin and came out to the colony in 1832, and had lived in this district for nearly 60 years. She was the mother of eleven sons and four daughters, grandmother to eighty children and great-grandmother to about forty.
She was seventy-five years of age and until recently enjoyed good health. She had been ailing only about three weeks, and death resulted from natural decay.
She passed away peacefully surrounded by several relatives and friends."
John JOBSON b: 1805 in Birmingham England
11 JUL 1836
in Bungonia?s Court House Bungonia NSW
- Note: witnesses were Charles E. Newcombe and S.L.McGillivray, both of Inverary (the property of Dr David Reid).
- John (JACKY) JOBSON b: 10 NOV 1833 in Sutton Forest NSW
- William JOBSON b: 6 JUN 1835 in Sutton Forest NSW
- Mary Ann JOBSON b: 27 JUN 1837 in Sutton Forest NSW
- Thomas JOBSON b: 26 AUG 1838 in NSW
- Edward JOBSON b: 27 OCT 1839 in nsw
- George JOBSON b: 13 JUL 1840 in Jerrara Creek Bungonia Goulburn NSW
- James JOBSON b: 13 NOV 1842 in NSW
- Henry JOBSON b: 16 NOV 1843 in Goulburn NSW
- Robert JOBSON b: 24 DEC 1844 in NSW
- Eliza JOBSON b: 11 APR 1846 in NSW
- Charles JOBSON b: 29 DEC 1847
- Samuel JOBSON b: 1850 in Jerrara Creek NSW
- Maria JOBSON b: ABT 1853 in NSW
- Frederick JOBSON b: 15 OCT 1854
- Jane JOBSON