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  • ID: I36994
  • Name: Edward III Plantagenet
  • Prefix: King
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 13 NOV 1312 in Windsor Castle 1
  • Death: 21 JUN 1377 in Sheen Palace,Surrey 1
  • Burial: Westminster Abbey 2
  • LDS Baptism: status: SUBMITTED 3 MAR 2003
  • Endowment: status: SUBMITTED 3 MAR 2003
  • Sealing Child: status: SUBMITTED 3 MAR 2003
  • Occupation: 25 Jan 1327-21 Jun 1377 King of England, Duke of Aquitaine 1 3
  • Note:
    House of Lancaster He had his mother arrest and imprisoned andher lover executed. He succeeded his father nominally in 1327,but his mother & Mortimer retained control of the Government.He forcibly assumed charge of the Government in 1330, procuring the execution of Mortimer & removing his mother from power. He began his reign by attempting to force his suzerainty on Scotland, winning a victory at the Battle of Halidon Hill,1333. In 1337 he began the One Hundred Years War by claiming the French throne in right of his mother. During the 1st stage of the War he defeated the French at the Battle of Crecy, 1346, he won naval victories at Sluys, 1340, & Winchelsea, 1350, & captured Calais, 1347, whilst his son, the Black Prince, defeated & captured the French King at the Battle of Poitiers,1356. The War ended temporarily in 1360 with the Treaty of Bretigny, by which Edward surrendered his claim to the French throne in return for Calais, Aquitaine & Gascony. After the renewal of the War in 1369 the French recaptured all the English dominions in France but Calais, Bordeaux & Bayonne. Married 24Jan. 1328 Philippa of Hainault (1314-1369), d. of William III, Count of Holland, & his wife Joan, d. of Charles, Count of Valois (she was also a descendant of Charlemane) .Died 21 June1377. Bur. Westminster Abbey, London. He had issue:

    WESTMINSTER ABBEY, LONDON It is hard to imagine Westminster at the time of the Conquest, when it occupied an island site amid the marshes that flanked the Thames. Since William the Conqueror recieved the English crown here on Christmas Day 1066, coronations have always been conducted in Westminster Abbey. Anearlier Saxon monastery was completely destroyed by the Danes during the eighth century. Wesminster's history as a Benedictine house dates to its foundation by St. Dunstan in 959, although it was Edward the Confessor who established its statusas the royal church of England following its consecration on 28 December 1065, just one week before his death. Henry III was largely responsible for building the magnificent abbey church that stands today, work on which began in 1245, favouring the French Gothic style, which placed greater emphasis on height than the particular English interpretation that had evolved by then. Flying buttresses were used as a means of supporting the height of French cathedrals, a technique deemed visually ugly by English builders, who preferred to restrict the height and use internal methods of support. Work on the new church advanced rapidly, and it was reopened in 1269. Although much of the nave was not completed until well over a century later, fortnately the architect was content to follow the style of his predeccessor, thereby maintaining the visual continuity. Westminster Abbey is not merely a church of unsurpassed beauty it is also the last resting place of English monarchs - from Henry III in 1272 to George III in 1820. Without doubt, the abbey's subline architectural achievement is the Henry VII chapel, originally founded by the monarch early in the sixteenth century with the intention of crating a shrine to Henry VI. This plan never came to fruition and so the masterpiece of royalmason Robert Vertue was adopted by its instigator for himself and his queen, Elizabeth. The fan-vaulted ceiling is elaborately decorated with the most complex tracery imaginable, the finest example of that art form in England. Almost ever square inch of the chapel seems to be adorned with some form of intricate decoration and, although the overall effect can be almost overwhelming, it remains a quite breathtaking piece of work.The royal tomb in the chapel is the work of a Florentine contemporary of Michelangelo, sculptor Pietro Torrigiano, who was commisssioned to create the most moving, gilt-bronzed effigies of Henry and Elizabeth. However, kings and queens are not the only ones celebrated in death; the abbey houses the Grave to the Unknown Soldier, a nation's tribute to those slain during the First World War. Famous names from the art, literature and science mingle with numberous outrageously ostentatious memorials erected to members of the nobility.

    Cambridge (Cambridgeshire) Despite its antiquity and importance, Cambridge has surprisingly few royal connections other than in relation to the university. A center for learning was developed by SIGEBERT (c630) through his monastic foundations but the Danish invasions destroyed much and it was not until the 12th C that it began to revive. King's Hall was founded by EDWARD II (1317) and enlarged by EDWARD III (1336). It formed the basis for the later Trinity College, established by HENRY VIII (1546), and attended by the future GEORGE VI (1919-20). King's College was founded by HENRY VI (1441), and Queen's College by his wife, Margaret of Anjou (1448).
    4 5 1 3 6
  • Change Date: 12 APR 2003 at 01:00:00



    Father: Edward II Plantagenet b: 25 APR 1284 in Caernarfon Castle,Wales
    Mother: Isabella of Carpet b: 1292

    Marriage 1 Philippa of Hainault b: 24 JUN 1314 in Hainaut,Belgium
    • Married: 24 JAN 1328 in York Minster 1
    • Sealing Spouse:
    Children
    1. Has Children Edward "The Black Prince" Plantaganet b: 15 JUN 1330 in Woodstock,Oxford,England
    2. Has Children Isabella Plantaganet b: 16 JUN 1332
    3. Has No Children Joanna Plantaganet b: 1335
    4. Has No Children William Plantaganet b: 1337
    5. Has Children Lionel Plantaganet b: 29 NOV 1338 in Antwerp,Belgium
    6. Has Children John Plantaganet b: MAR 1340 in Ghent,Flanders,Belgium
    7. Has Children Edmund Plantaganet b: 5 JUN 1341 in Kings Langley,Hertfordshire,England
    8. Has No Children Blanche Plantaganet b: 1342
    9. Has No Children Mary Plantaganet b: 1344
    10. Has No Children Margaret Plantaganet b: 1346
    11. Has No Children William Plantaganet b: 1348
    12. Has Children Thomas Plantaganet b: 7 JAN 1355 in Woodstock,Oxforshire,England

    Marriage 2 Alice Perrers b: 1348
      Children
      1. Has No Children Unknown Plantaganet
      2. Has No Children Unknown Plantaganet
      3. Has No Children Unknown Plantaganet

      Sources:
      1. Title: #69
        Publication: DK Publishing, Inc.
        Abbrev: #69
      2. Title: Abbeys & Monasteries
        Author: Derry Brabbs
        Publication: Weidenfeld & Nicolson
        Abbrev: Abbeys & Monasteries
      3. Repository:

          Title: or, The Origin and Stem of The Irish Nation.
          Author: John O'Hart
          Publication: Genealogical Publishing Co. Inc.
          Abbrev: or, The Origin and Stem of The Irish Nation.
        • Title: The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens
          Author: Mike Ashley
          Publication: Carroll & Graf History
          Abbrev: The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens
        • Title: Quest For the Past
          Author: Reader’s Digest Staff
          Abbrev: Quest For the Past
        • Repository:

            Title: or, The Origin and Stem of The Irish Nation
            Author: John O'Hart
            Publication: Genealogical Publishing Co. Inc.
            Abbrev: or, The Origin and Stem of The Irish Nation
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