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  • ID: I41824
  • Name: John Plantaganet
  • Prefix: Duke
  • Suffix: of Lancaster
  • Title: of Lancaster
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: MAR 1340 in Ghent,Flanders,Belgium 1 2 3
  • Death: 3 FEB 1399 in Leicester Castle,Leicester,England 4 1 2 3
  • Burial: 1399 St. Paul's Cathedral,England 2
  • LDS Baptism: status: SUBMITTED 3 MAR 2003
  • Endowment: status: SUBMITTED 3 MAR 2003
  • Sealing Child: status: SUBMITTED 3 MAR 2003
  • Occupation: Earl of Lancaster 1361 3
  • Occupation: Chief command 1370-71 (his brother the Black Prince was ill) 3
  • Occupation: Duke of Aquitaine 1389 3
  • Occupation: 1362 1st Duke of Lancaster 5 1 3
  • Note:
    24 Jun 1340

    John of Gaunt[Mid. Eng. Gaunt=Ghent, his birthplace], 1340-99, duke ofLancaster; fourth son of Edward III of England. He married(1359) Blanche, heiress of Lancaster, and through her becameearl (1361) and duke (1362) of Lancaster. The Lancaster holdingsmade him the wealthiest and one of the most influential noblesin England. He served under his brother, Edward the BlackPrince, in the Hundred Years War and went (1367) on his campaignto aid Peter the Cruel of Castile. After the death of Blanche hemarried (1371) Peter's daughter, Constance, and thus gained aclaim to the Castilian throne. When the Black Prince became illduring the French campaign of 1370-71, John took chief command.In 1373 he led his army from Calais to Bordeaux, but theexpedition accomplished little. After a truce was reached (1375)he returned to England, where he allied himself with the corruptcourt party led by Alice Perrers, mistress of the aging EdwardIII. For a short time John of Gaunt in effect ruled England. Hisparty was temporarily dislodged from power by the GoodParliament of 1376, but John was soon able to restore hisfriends and assembled a hand-picked Parliament in 1377.Hostility to the strong clerical party, led by William ofWykeham, caused him to support the movement of John Wyclif.After the accession (1377) of his nephew, Richard II, Johnremained the most powerful figure in the government, but hedevoted himself primarily to military matters. In 1386, alliedwith John I of Portugal, who married one of his daughters, heled an expedition to make good his Castilian claims against JohnI of Castile. John of Gaunt finally agreed to peace in 1388,transferred his claims to his daughter by Constance of Castile,and married her to the future Henry III of Castile. He returnedto England in 1389, was made duke of Aquitaine, and helped torestore peace between Richard II and the hostile barons led byThomas of Woodstock, duke of Gloucester. In 1396, John of Gauntmarried Catherine Swynford, many years his mistress, and had hischildren by her, under the name of Beaufort, declaredlegitimate. He died soon after the king had exiled his eldestson, the duke of Hereford (later Henry IV, first of the royalline of Lancaster). John is also remembered as the patron of thepoet Geoffrey Chaucer.

    NPFX Prince
    SURN John of Gaunt
    EVEN 1st Duke of Lancaster
    TYPE Titles
    DATE 1361
    EVEN Knight of the Garter
    TYPE Titles
    EVEN Earl of Richmond
    TYPE Titles
    DATE 1342
    EVEN Earl of Lancaster
    TYPE Titles
    DATE 1361
    EVEN Earl of Derby
    TYPE Titles
    DATE 1362
    EVEN Earl of Leicester
    TYPE Titles
    DATE 1362
    EVEN Earl of Lincoln
    TYPE Titles
    DATE 1362

    NPFX Prince
    SURN John of Gaunt
    EVEN 1st Duke of Lancaster
    TYPE Titles
    DATE 1361
    EVEN Knight of the Garter
    TYPE Titles
    EVEN Earl of Richmond
    TYPE Titles
    DATE 1342
    EVEN Earl of Lancaster
    TYPE Titles
    DATE 1361
    EVEN Earl of Derby
    TYPE Titles
    DATE 1362
    EVEN Earl of Leicester
    TYPE Titles
    DATE 1362
    EVEN Earl of Lincoln
    TYPE Titles
    DATE 1362
    2 5 3
  • Change Date: 18 APR 2003 at 01:00:00



    Father: Edward III Plantagenet b: 13 NOV 1312 in Windsor Castle
    Mother: Philippa of Hainault b: 24 JUN 1314 in Hainaut,Belgium

    Marriage 1 Blanche of Lancaster b: 1341
    • Married: 19 MAY 1359 in Reading Abbey,(Berkshire),England 1 2 3
    • Sealing Spouse:
    Children
    1. Has Children Philippa (Philippe) of Lancaster b: 31 MAR 1360
    2. Has Children Henry IV Bolingbroke Plantagenet b: 3 APR 1367 in Bolingbroke Castle,Lincolnshire
    3. Has Children Elizabeth of Lancaster b: 1364

    Marriage 2 Constance (Constanza) of Castile b: 1354
    • Married: JUN 1371 1 3
    • Note: sep 1371
    Children
    1. Has Children Katherine (Catherine) b: 1372

    Marriage 3 Katherine (Catherine) Swynford b: 1350
    • Married: 13 JAN 1396 1 3
    • Note: 1397
    Children
    1. Has Children John de Beaufort b: Abt 1372 in St Catherine by the Tower Hosp,London,England
    2. Has Children Henry Beaufort b: 1377
    3. Has No Children Thomas Beaufort b: Abt JAN 1377 in Beaufort Castle,Anjou,France
    4. Has Children Joan Gaunt De Beaufort b: Abt 1375 in Chateau De Beaufort,Meuse-et-Loire,France

    Marriage 4 Blanche of Lancaster b: Abt 1341 in Grosmond Castle,Gwent,Wales
    • Married: 19 MAY 1359 in Reading,Berkshire,England
    • Sealing Spouse:

    Marriage 5 Costanza de Castile b: 1356 in Castrojeriz,Spain
    • Married: 6 SEP 1371 in Roquefort,Gascony,France
    • Sealing Spouse:

    Marriage 6 Katherine Rouet b: Abt 1350 in Hainault,Belgium
    • Married: 13 JAN 1396 in France
    • Sealing Spouse:
    Children
    1. Has Children John Beaufort b: Abt 1373 in Beaufort Castle,Anjou,France
    2. Has No Children Henry Beaufort b: Abt 1375 in Beaufort Castle,Anjou,France
    3. Has No Children Thomas Beaufort b: Abt JAN 1377 in Beaufort Castle,Anjou,France
    4. Has Children Joan Gaunt De Beaufort b: Abt 1375 in Chateau De Beaufort,Meuse-et-Loire,France

    Sources:
    1. Title: Descedants of Charlemagne
      Abbrev: Descedants of Charlemagne
      Text: Archaeological Society's Transactions, 1910.)
    2. Title: The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens
      Author: Mike Ashley
      Publication: Carroll & Graf History
      Abbrev: The Mammoth Book of British Kings & Queens
    3. Title: Encyclopedia.com
      Abbrev: Encyclopedia.com
    4. Title: Quest For the Past
      Author: Reader’s Digest Staff
      Abbrev: Quest For the Past
    5. Title: The Lives of the Kings & Queens of England
      Publication: Weidenfeld & Nicolson
      Abbrev: The Lives of the Kings & Queens of England
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