Name: John ALDEN
Birth: ABT 1598 in England 1
Death: 22 SEP 1687 in Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA
Note: A marker for John was erected in 1930 in the Myles Standish Burying Ground at Duxbury by the Aldren Kindred of America. 1 2
John Alden was born in England about 1599, crossed the Atlantic ocean in 1620 in the Mayflower where he met Priscilla, the daughter of William Mullins. They were part of the 102 Mayflower passengers who became known as "the pilgrims". The pilgrims named their landing location Plymouth after the town in England where they embarked.
John and Priscilla were married about 1623 and had about ten children. After the initial years in Plymouth they moved to the near-by town of Duxburrough - known today as Duxbury. John lived until 1687, Priscilla having passed away about five years earlier.
"John Alden was hired for a cooper at Southampton where the ship victuled, and being a hopefull young man was much desired, but left to his owne liking to go, or stay when he came here, but he stayed, and maryed here," wrote William Bradford in his History of Plymouth Plantation. A hopeful young man indeed, John Alden was about 21 years of age when the Mayflower sheltered at Provincetown harbor in November of 1620, and he was one of the 41 men who signed the Mayflower Compact in her cabin shortly after their arrival. His skills and strength must certainly have been a great aid to the weary Pilgrims in their race to build shelter on shore before the hard set of winter, and his wise counsel and efficient administration were to serve the colony for the next 67 years. In 1623 John took part in the division of land, being in that group that received land on the north side of town, but because the record is worn, exactly how many acres he received is unknown. In the division of cattle in 1627, with his wife, Priscilla, and children Elizabeth and John, he was part of the 4th lot that received four Raghorne heifers that had come on the ship Jacob. Also in 1627, Alden joined with seven other men -- Bradford, Standish, Allerton, Winslow, Brewster, Howland and Thomas Prence -- who assumed the debt of the colony from the merchants in London. His trustworthiness and popularity were rewarded by positions in community government for more than 55 years and under five governors of the colony. He served at various times as governor's assistant, deputy to the General Court, treasurer, and deputy governor, and on various committees to review laws, redress abuses, and handle disputes. He also served on the councils of war against the Dutch in the 1620's and 50's and the Indians in 1675.
John and his wife, Priscilla, received a grant of land in Duxbury in 1627 and lived there during the farming season, returning to Plymouth for Sunday worship and the winter season. In 1632 a permanent settlement in Duxbury was established by the Aldens, the Standishes and others. John's (and perhaps Priscilla's) later years were spent in his son Jonathan's house, which had been built in 1653 and still stands today. A portion of this house is believed to be the old house built by John, moved from its nearby foundations and added to the new house.
From his own deposition made in 1682 when he stated he was "aged 83 yeers or thereabouts" and had been "one of the first comers into New England to settle att or about Plymouth which is about 62 yeer since.., "we know that John Alden was born about 1599. The place of birth is assumed to be England, but no more specific origin has been proved. He died in Duxbury on September 22,, 1687, the last surviving signer of the Mayflower Compact. He left no will, having distributed his lands to his children before his death.
John Alden's wooing of fellow Mayflower passenger, Priscilla Mullins, is probably the best-known story of the Pilgrims, but little is actually known of their years together. They were probably married by 1623 or 1624, and Priscilla died before John, sometime after 1680, but no more specific dates are known for these two important events. William Bradford recorded in his list of Mayflower passengers that John and Priscilla Alden had 11 children. However, at another place in his manuscript, Bradford's calculations seem to indicate there were only 10 children. Since no one has yet identified an eleventh child, we list 10 here.
Priscilla MULLINS b: ABT 1602 in Dorking, Surrey, England
- David ALDEN b: ABT 1646 in Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts, USA
- Ruth ALDEN b: ABT 1635 in Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts, USA
- Rebecca ALDEN b: BEF 1649 in Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA
- Priscilla ALDEN b: in Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA
- Mary ALDEN b: in Duxbury, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA
- John ALDEN b: BEF MAY 1627 in Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts, USA
- Elizabeth ALDEN b: ABT 1624 in Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts, USA
- Joseph ALDEN b: ABT 1627 in Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts, USA
- Jonathan ALDEN b: ABT 1632 in Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts, USA
- Sarah ALDEN b: BET 1630 AND 1640 in Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts, USA
- Author: http://www.alden.org/
Title: Alden Kindred of America
- Title: www.findagrave.com