Name: Sir John Granville 1st Earl of BATH
Birth: 29 AUG 1628
Other name Sir John Granville 1st Earl of Bath
Baptism: 16 SEP 1628 Kilkhampton, Cornwall
Title (Facts Pg) 20 APR 1661 1st Earl of Bath and also Lord of Granville
Education: 1663 Graduated from Oxford University as Master of Arts
Misc 16 AUG 1674 Annuity of £3,000 pa was granted to him and charged to Duchy of Cornwall
Burial: 22 SEP 1701 Kilkhampton, Cornwall
Death: 21 AUG 1701 in St James,London in August
Title (Facts Pg) 26 JUL 1663 Invested as Privy Councillor
John Granville fought in the English Civil War, on the side of Charles I and in the regiment of his father. He was created a Knight due to his bravery, and became Lord of the Bedchamber to the Prince of Wales.
He accompanied Charles II to exile, and mediated with the Long Parliament. In 1660, Granville was instrumental in the negotiations between his cousin Monck, and Charles II that led to the restoration of the King. Shortly after the Restoration, he contested the
succession of the Dukedom of Albemarle, but lost. He was presently created Earl of Bath, Viscount Granville and Baron Granville and invested a Privy Councillor two years later (in 1663). In 1665, he served as the titular Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, although he never went to Ireland (and is, therefore, not considered a true holder of the office).
Lord Bath was twice appointed colonel of the 10th Regiment of Foot, first in 1685 then again in 1688 (around the time of the Glorious Revolution). He died in London.
It was said that Sir John was 'a mean-minded man, who thought nothing but of getting and spending money'. He got so much and apparently spent so little that the world was surprised to learn how poor he died. Some have asserted that the eldest son, on
discovering the state of affairs, died by his own hand.
Taken from www.British-civil-wars.co.uk:
Born at Kilkhampton in Cornwall in August 1628, John Grenville was the third son of Sir Bevil Grenville and his wife Grace, daughter of Sir George Smith. By 1641, both John's elder brothers had died and he became heir to his family's extensive estates in
Cornwall and Devon. was educated at home but in 1642, his education was interrupted by the outbreak of civil war.
At the age of fourteen, John held a commission in his father's regiment, which fought for the King under Sir Ralph Hopton in southwestern England. When Sir Bevil was killed at the battle of Lansdown in July 1643, Cornish soldiers mounted John upon his father's
horse and declared their allegiance to him as head of the Grenville family. He was knighted by King Charles I after the capture of Bristol in August 1643 and served with the King's Oxford army in the Lostwithiel campaign in 1644. In October 1644, Grenville was severely wounded at the second battle of Newbury, where he was found lying unconscious among the dead. The following year, he was appointed a gentleman of the bedchamber to Charles, Prince of Wales and remained one of Charles' closest friends and advisers.
After the defeat of the Royalists in the English Civil War, Grenville accompanied Prince Charles to Scilly, Jersey and Paris. In February 1649, after the execution of his father, Charles appointed Grenville governor of the the Scilly Isles. During 1649-51,
Grenville directed Royalist privateers from Tresco and St Mary's in a lucrative campaign against English and Dutch merchantmen to raise prize money for Charles II's court-in-exile. A Dutch fleet under Lieutenant-Admiral Tromp was forestalled from attacking
Grenville's base when the Commonwealth sent an invasion force under the generals-at-sea Blake and Ayscue in April 1651.
Combined land and sea operations against the Royalists quickly secured the island of Tresco. Grenville withdrew into Star Castle on St Mary's, which was besieged and bombarded into submission. On 23 May, Grenville surrendered to Blake under generous terms.
After a brief imprisonment at Plymouth, Grenville was given leave to join Charles in exile but chose instead to remain in England. He married Jane Wyche, daughter of a wealthy London merchant, in October 1652 and became a leading representative of the King's
party in Cornwall and the West. During 1654, Grenville was associated with the conspirators of the Action Party and plotted to seize Plymouth and Pendennis Castle. However, he was arrested in February 1655 in the aftermath of a premature uprising by western Royalists in the build-up to Penruddock's Uprising. In 1659, Grenville was a member of the Great Trust and Commission . Although summoned to answer charges before the Council of State when the government infiltrated the Trust's conspiracies, Grenville was released on parole.
Grenville's greatest service to the Royalist cause was in acting as an intermediary between the King and General Monck, who was his second cousin. He first approached the General in 1658 through Monck's clerical brother Nicholas, whom Grenville had appointed to
the church living at the Grenville estate of Kilkhampton. Grenville's clandestine negotiations with Monck continued through 1659 and culminated in a secret meeting at St James's Palace in March 1660, during which Monck pledged his allegiance to the King. Grenville
carried Monck's message of loyalty to Charles at Brussels and returned to deliver Charles' manifesto the Declaration of Breda to Parliament on 1 May 1660.
Grenville was richly rewarded for his services in securing the Restoration and became the most powerful magnate in the West Country. Among other honours, he was created first Earl of Bath, warden of the Stanneries, lord-lieutenant of Cornwall and governor of Plymouth. He continued his loyal service to Charles II and was present at the King's deathbed conversion to Catholicism in 1685.
Despite losing influence upon the succession of James II, Bath commanded an infantry regiment against the Duke of Monmouth during Monmouth's Rebellion of 1685. When William of Orange invaded England in 1688, however, Bath changed his allegiance. He
made no attempt to defend Exeter and surrendered Plymouth to William's forces. Under William III, Bath added the lieutenancy of Devon and the governorship of the Isles of Scilly to his offices. However, he was disappointed when William granted the earldom of
Albemarle to a favourite in 1697, a title claimed by Bath through his connection to the Monck family. His final years were spent in a bitter legal dispute over the Albemarle estate, which almost bankrupted him. Two weeks after his death in August 1701, his son and
heir Charles Grenville shot himself, apparently overwhelmed by the debts he had inherited. Father and son were buried on 22 September 1701 in the family vault at Kilkhampton.
Father: Sir Bevil GRANVILLE b: 23 MAR 1596 in Withiel,West of Bodmin,Cornwall
Mother: Lady Grace SMYTHE b: 1601 in Exeter,Devon
Jane WYCHE b: 1632
- Jane GRANVILLE
- Grace Granville 1st Countess GRANVILLE b: 03 SEP 1654
- Charles Granville 2nd Earl of BATH b: 31 AUG 1661 in St James,Cornwall
- John Granville 1st Baron GRANVILLE b: 1665
- Catherine GRANVILLE
- Sir Bevil GRANVILLE