Name: John Holland 2nd Duke of EXETER
Birth: 18 MAR 1395
Title (Facts Pg) Earl of Huntingdon
Death: 05 AUG 1447 in Stepney,Middlesex
John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter KG (18 March 1395 – 5 August 1447) was an English nobleman and military commander during
the Hundred Years' War.
The second son of John Holland, 1st Duke of Exeter and Elizabeth of Lancaster, his maternal grandparents were John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and Blanche of Lancaster. He was thus a half-nephew of Richard II of England, a nephew of Henry IV and a first cousin of Henry V.
Holland was just a boy when his father conspired against Henry IV and was attainted and executed. Nevertheless, he was given a chance to serve Henry V in the 1415 campaign in France, where he distinguished himself at Agincourt.
The next year Holland was restored in blood and to his father's earldom of Huntingdon, and was made a Knight of the Garter. (His
older brother Richard had died in 1400.)
Over the next five years he held various important commands with the English forces in France, until he was captured by the French in 1421 at the Battle of Baugé. He spent four years in captivity, not being released until 1425.
By an unnamed mistress or mistresses he also had several illegitimate children, two of whom he named in his will. William, Thomas
and Robert, the so-called 'Bastards of Exeter', were active in the Lancastrian struggles, and Stow reported that two of them were
among the notable dead at Towton.
In 1435 he was appointed admiral of England, Ireland, and Aquitaine, and in 1439 he was made the king's lieutenant in Aquitaine, and later governor of Aquitaine.
Holland recovered his father's dukedom of Exeter in 1439, and was given precedence just below the Duke of York. He was succeeded as duke by his son Henry.
Father: John Holland 1st Duke of EXETER b: 1358
Mother: Elizabeth PLANTAGENET b: 21 FEB 1363 in Burford, Shropshire
Beatrice of PORTUGAL
Anne Stafford Countess of MARCH
- Henry Holland 4th Duke of EXETER b: 1430
- Lady Anne HOLLAND b: 1432