Name: Sir Francis Leigh Earl of CHICHESTER
Birth: 1598 in Westminster
Death: 21 DEC 1653 in Apscourt, Surrey
Francis Leigh, 1st Earl of Chichester was a Royalist politician and courtier around the period of the English Civil War.
He was born, and eventually buried, on the family estate at Newnham Regis, Warwickshire. In 1613 Leigh attended Oxford University and was admitted to Lincoln's Inn two years later.
Coinciding with his fortuitous second marriage, he was knighted by 1618, and was created a baronet by the King on 24 December 1618. In 1621 he became MP for Warwickshire in the by-election following the elevation of the incumbent, Fulke Greville, 1st Baron Brooke, to the peerage. In 1625 he subsequently became MP for Warwick. He remained close to Lord Brooke and, under King
Charles I, was himself raised to the peerage as Baron Dunsmore in July 1628.He opposed the King during the 1640 Short Parliament and actively campaigned for the summoning of the second (Long) parliament later that year. Despite this he was appointed to meet the Scottish commissioners at Ripon in autumn 1640 and his opposition was further softened by both the militancy of the King's enemies and personal encouragement from Charles. His appointment as a privy councillor confirmed to all his defection to Charles' side. In March 1642 he was one of five lords to protest against the Militia Ordinance. At the commencement of the First English Civil War he financed a Royalist troop of forty horse.
In August 1642 his Warwickshire estate was looted by Parliament forces from Coventry (ironically, under the command of the new Lord Brooke). In 1643 he succeeded The Earl of Salisbury as Captain of the Honourable Band of Gentlemen Pensioners. In July 1644 the King further rewarded his loyalty creating him Earl of Chichester.
He was a negotiator for Charles with the Parliamentary side at Uxbridge in February 1645. Later that year he was on the commission appointed to govern Oxford during the king's absence.
In November 1645 he was assessed to contribute £3,000 ( a figure comparable to his pre-war yearly income) by the Committee for the Advance of Money and given a year to pay. By January 1647 he had paid £1,000 and given security for £1847 more so his sequestration was suspended. Under the Ordnance of 30 October 1646 parliament annulled the honours granted to him since 20 May 1642. And finally, in 1650, the committee for compounding assessed a fine of £3,594 on him.
Father: Sir Francis LEIGH b: 1574 in Newnham Regis, Warwickshire
Mother: Mary EGERTON b: 1576 in Ridley, Cheshire
in Newnham Regis, Warwickshire
- Elizabeth LEIGH b: 1619 in Newnham Regis, Warwickshire
- Mary LEIGH b: 1621 in Newnham Regis, Warwickshire
Susan NORTHAM b: 1597 in St Gabriel Fenchurch, London
31 JUL 1617
in St Dunstan, Stepney