The History of the Hough family from London

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  • ID: I35132
  • Name: Sir Henry Hastings Earl of HUNTINGDON
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 1536 in Ashby de la Zouche, Leicestershire
  • Death: 14 DEC 1595 in York, Ainsty, Yorkshire
  • Note:
    He was born in Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leicestershire, and was educated at first by private tutors at his family manor. He later joined the future Edward VI of England as his classmate in being tutored under Richard Cox, John Cheke and Jean Belmain. They provided both
    youths with an education based in the principles of Humanism.
    His father was a political ally of John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland, and to further their alliance the two elder politicians arranged the marriage of their children. On 21 May 1553, Henry was wed to Katherine Dudley, daughter of Northumberland by Jane
    Guildford. Edward VI was dying and his appointed heir was his cousin Lady Jane Grey, Northumberland's daughter-in-law. Jane's reign lasted only from 1019 July 1553 until her cousin Mary I of England prevailed. Due to his marital alliance with her, Henry was
    incarcerated in the Tower of London. Mary attempted to reconcile with the Hastings family and soon they were free again and by oath loyal to her.
    Henry entered the household of his great-uncle Cardinal Reginald Pole and followed him in his visits of Calais, Flanders and the monasteries of Smithfield, London. The two men also escorted the later Philip II of Spain from the Seventeen Provinces to the Kingdom of England for his marriage to Mary. Despite his personal loyalty to Mary and his great-uncle, Hastings practised Calvinism and showed little financial restraint in supporting his puritan beliefs.
    He had been loyal to Edward VI, Jane and Mary I during their respective reigns and his father remained an influential politician.
    When Mary I died childless and was succeeded by her younger half-sister Elizabeth I in 1558, the new queen also counted on the reliable Hastings family among her supporters. He was named a Knight of the Bath by the new queen regnant.
    His father died on 25 January 1560 and Henry became the third Earl of Huntingdon. At the time few members of the Tudor dynasty remained alive and several descendants of the previous English royal house of Plantagenet were seen as possible heirs to the throne.
    Huntingdon was among these possible heirs and won a certain amount of support, especially from the Protestants and the enemies ofanother claimant Mary, Queen of Scots. However, Elizabeth now had reasons to distrust him and as a result several honours were kept out of his reach.
    However, he was still useful to her. He was named a Knight of the Garter in 1570, alongside William Somerset, 3rd Earl of Worcester.
    In 1572 he was appointed president of the Council of the North, and during the troubled period between the flight of Mary, Queen of Scots, to England in 1568 and the defeat of the Spanish Armada twenty years later he was frequently employed in the north of
    England. It was doubtless felt that the earl's own title to the crown was a pledge that he would show scant sympathy with the advocates of Mary's claim. He assisted George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, to remove the Scottish queen from Wingfield Manor to
    Tutbury, and for a short time in 1569 he was one of her custodians. He was later one of the Peers at her trial in 1586.
    Huntingdon was responsible for the compilation of an elaborate history of the Hastings family, a manuscript copy of which is now in
    the British Museum. Having died without heir his earldom passed to his brother, George.

    Father: Francis Hastings 2nd Earl of HUNTINGDON b: 1514 in Kirby, Leicestershire
    Mother: Katherine POLE b: 1516 in Medmenham, Buckinghamshire

    Marriage 1 Katherine DUDLEY b: 1536 in Atherington, Sussex
    • Married: 25 MAY 1553 in Durham House, Strand, London
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