Name: John Holles 1st Duke of Newcastle upon TYNE
Birth: 09 JAN 1662 in Edwinstowe, Nottinghamshire
Burial: 09 AUG 1711 Westminster Abbey, London
Death: 15 JUL 1711 in Welbeck, after falling from his horse whilst stag hunting
It would appear that a rivalry was formed between John and his sister, Elizabeth following her marriage to Christopher Vane, 1st Baronet Barnard.
He held the office of Gentleman of the Bedchamber between 1689 and 1691. He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Middlesex between 1689 and 1692. He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) (Whig) for Nottinghamshire in 1688/89. He succeeded to the title of 4th Earl of Clare, co. Suf f olk on 16 January 1688/89. He succeeded to the title of 4th Baron Houghton of Houghton, co. Nottingham on 16 January 1688/89. On 26 July 1691 he inherited the Cavendish estates from his father-in-law, 2nd Duke of Newcastle-on-Tyne, and applied to the King for a Dukedom.
He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire between 1694 and 1711. In January 1693/94 he inherited the estates of Denzill Holles, Baron Holles of Ifield, making him one of the largest estate owners in England. He was created 1st Marquess of Clare on 14 May 1694. He was created 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne [England] on 14
May 1694. He was Commissioner of Greenwich Hospital between 1695 and 1711. In October 1695 at Welbeck, Nottinghamshire, England, he entertained the King for 5 days, at a cost of £5,042. He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Garter (K.G.) on 30 May 1698.4 He held the office of Keeper of Sherwood Forest between 1699 and 1711. He
held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of the East Riding, Yorkshire between August 1699 and 1711. He held the office of High Steward of Dorchester in January 1700/1. He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of the North Riding, Yorkshire between 1705 and 1711. He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) on 29 March 1705. He held the office of Lord
Privy Seal between 29 March 1705 and 15 July 1711. He held the office of Chief Justice in Eyre, North of Trent between September 1710 and July 1711. He held the office of Lord-Lieutenant of Middlesex in 1711. On his death, all of his titles became extinct.
His memorial at Westminster Abbey:
To the memory of JOHN HOLLES DUKE OF NEWCASTLE, Marquis and Earl of CLARE, Baron Haughton and Knight-Companion of the most Noble Order of the Garter, whose body is here deposited under the same roof with many of his noble ancestors and relations of the f amilies of VERE, CAVENDISHE and HOLLES, whose eminent virtues
he inherited; and was particularly distinguished f or his courage, love to his countrey and constancy in f riendship; which qualities he exerted with great zeal and readiness, whenever the cause of religion, his countrey, or f riends required him. In the reign of Queen Anne he f illed with great capactiy and honour the several employments of Lord
Keeper of the Privy Seal, and Privy Councellour, Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotularum of the counties of Middlesex and Nottingham, and of the county of the town of Nottingham and of the East and North Ridings of the county of York, Lord Chief Justice in Eyre North of Trent, and Governour of the town and f ort of Kingston upon Hull; to all which
titles and honours his personal merit gave a lustre, that needed not the addition of the great wealth which he possessed.
He was born the 9th of January 1661/2 and died the 15th of July 1711. He marryed the Lady Margaret, third daughterand heir to Henry Cavendishe Duke of Newcastle, by whom he lef t issue one only child, the Lady HENRIETTACAVENDISHE HOLLES HARLEY, who caused this memorial of him to be here erected in the year of our Lord 1723"
Father: Gilbert Holles 3rd Earl of CLARE b: 24 APR 1633 in Hackney
Mother: Grace Pierrepont Countess of CLARE b: 1633 in Thoresby, Nottinghamshire
Lady Margaret CAVENDISH b: 22 OCT 1661
- Lady Henrietta Cavendish HOLLES b: 11 FEB 1693