The History of the Hough family from London

Entries: 42021    Updated: 2012-08-09 18:53:14 UTC (Thu)    Owner: dave

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  • ID: I41891
  • Name: Thomas Thynne 1st Marquess of BATH
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 18 SEP 1734
  • Burial: 28 NOV 1796 Longbridge Deverell
  • Death: 19 NOV 1796 in Arlington St, St George Hanover Square, London
  • Note:
    Death (19 November 1796):
    From different accounts it would seem that Thomas Thynne was well known for his drinking and gambling which were frequently
    recorded in the literature at the time. He was great friends with Charles James Fox and the Prince of Wales who were amongst his
    companions in drinking and gambling at Brook's and at White's clubs.

    Family and Early life
    He was the elder son of Thomas Thynne, 2nd Viscount Weymouth (1710- 1751 )a,nd the great-grandnephew of Thomas Thynne (c.
    1640-1714), who was created Baron Thynne and Viscount Weymouth in 1682.
    His mother was Louisa (d. 1736), daughter of John Carteret, 1st Earl Granville, and a descendant, of the family of Granville who held
    the earldom of Bath from 1661 to 1711. The Thynnes are descended from Sir John Thynne, the builder of Longleat, the splendid seat
    of the family in Wiltshire. Sir John owed his wealth and position to the favour of his master, the protector Somerset; he was
    comptroller of the household of the Lady Elizabeth, and was a person of some importance after that princess became queen. Another
    famous member of this family was Thomas Thynne (1648-1682), called on account of his wealth "Tom of Ten Thousand." He is
    celebrated by Dryden as Issachar in Absalom and Achitophel, and was murdered in London by some Swedes in February 1682.
    Political career
    Born on 13 September 1734 Thomas Thynne succeeded his father as 3rd Viscount Weymouth in January 1751 and was Lord
    Lieutenant of Ireland for a short time during 1765, although he never visited that country. Having, however, become prominent in
    British politics he was appointed Secretary of State for the Northern Department in January 1768; he acted with great promptitude
    during the unrest caused by John Wilkes and the Middlesex election of 1768. He was then attacked and libeled by Wilkes, who was
    consequently expelled from the House of Commons.
    Falklands Crisis
    Before the close of 1768 he was transferred from the northern to the southern department, but he resigned in December 1770 in the
    midst of the dispute with Spain over the possession of the Falkland Islands.
    American War of Independence
    In November 1775 Weymouth returned to his former office of secretary for the southern department, undertaking in addition the
    duties attached to the northern department for a few months in 1779, but he resigned both positions in the autumn of that year.
    Later Life
    In 1789 he was created Marquess of Bath, and he died in November 1796. Weymouth was a man of considerable ability, especially
    as a speaker. According to more modern standards, his habits were very coarse, resembling those of his friend and frequent
    companion Charles James Fox. Horace Walpole refers frequently to his idleness and his drunkenness, and in early life at least "his
    great fortune he had damaged: by such profuse play, that his house was often full of bailiffs."
    He was High Steward of the Royal Town of Sutton Coldfield from 1781 until his death.

    Father: Thomas Thynne 2nd Viscount WEYMOUTH b: 1710
    Mother: Lady Louisa CARTERET b: 1712

    Marriage 1 Lady Elizabeth CAVENDISH-BETINCK b: 27 JUL 1735
    • Married: 22 MAR 1759 in St Margaret's Church, Westminster
    1. Has No Children Lady Louisa THYNNE b: 25 MAR 1760
    2. Has No Children Lady Henrietta THYNNE b: 17 NOV 1762
    3. Has Children Sophia THYNNE b: 19 DEC 1763
    4. Has Children Thomas Thynne 2nd Marquee of BATH b: 25 JAN 1765
    5. Has No Children George Thynne 2nd Barron Carteret of HAWNES b: 23 JAN 1770
    6. Has No Children John Thynne 3rd Baron Carteret of HAWNES b: 28 DEC 1772
    7. Has No Children Isabela THYNNE
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