Name: Thomas Thynne 1st Marquess of BATH
Birth: 18 SEP 1734
Burial: 28 NOV 1796 Longbridge Deverell
Death: 19 NOV 1796 in Arlington St, St George Hanover Square, London
Death (19 November 1796):
From different accounts it would seem that Thomas Thynne was well known for his drinking and gambling which were frequently
recorded in the literature at the time. He was great friends with Charles James Fox and the Prince of Wales who were amongst his
companions in drinking and gambling at Brook's and at White's clubs.
Family and Early life
He was the elder son of Thomas Thynne, 2nd Viscount Weymouth (1710- 1751 )a,nd the great-grandnephew of Thomas Thynne (c.
1640-1714), who was created Baron Thynne and Viscount Weymouth in 1682.
His mother was Louisa (d. 1736), daughter of John Carteret, 1st Earl Granville, and a descendant, of the family of Granville who held
the earldom of Bath from 1661 to 1711. The Thynnes are descended from Sir John Thynne, the builder of Longleat, the splendid seat
of the family in Wiltshire. Sir John owed his wealth and position to the favour of his master, the protector Somerset; he was
comptroller of the household of the Lady Elizabeth, and was a person of some importance after that princess became queen. Another
famous member of this family was Thomas Thynne (1648-1682), called on account of his wealth "Tom of Ten Thousand." He is
celebrated by Dryden as Issachar in Absalom and Achitophel, and was murdered in London by some Swedes in February 1682.
Born on 13 September 1734 Thomas Thynne succeeded his father as 3rd Viscount Weymouth in January 1751 and was Lord
Lieutenant of Ireland for a short time during 1765, although he never visited that country. Having, however, become prominent in
British politics he was appointed Secretary of State for the Northern Department in January 1768; he acted with great promptitude
during the unrest caused by John Wilkes and the Middlesex election of 1768. He was then attacked and libeled by Wilkes, who was
consequently expelled from the House of Commons.
Before the close of 1768 he was transferred from the northern to the southern department, but he resigned in December 1770 in the
midst of the dispute with Spain over the possession of the Falkland Islands.
American War of Independence
In November 1775 Weymouth returned to his former office of secretary for the southern department, undertaking in addition the
duties attached to the northern department for a few months in 1779, but he resigned both positions in the autumn of that year.
In 1789 he was created Marquess of Bath, and he died in November 1796. Weymouth was a man of considerable ability, especially
as a speaker. According to more modern standards, his habits were very coarse, resembling those of his friend and frequent
companion Charles James Fox. Horace Walpole refers frequently to his idleness and his drunkenness, and in early life at least "his
great fortune he had damaged: by such profuse play, that his house was often full of bailiffs."
He was High Steward of the Royal Town of Sutton Coldfield from 1781 until his death.
Father: Thomas Thynne 2nd Viscount WEYMOUTH b: 1710
Mother: Lady Louisa CARTERET b: 1712
Lady Elizabeth CAVENDISH-BETINCK b: 27 JUL 1735
22 MAR 1759
in St Margaret's Church, Westminster
- Lady Louisa THYNNE b: 25 MAR 1760
- Lady Henrietta THYNNE b: 17 NOV 1762
- Sophia THYNNE b: 19 DEC 1763
- Thomas Thynne 2nd Marquee of BATH b: 25 JAN 1765
- George Thynne 2nd Barron Carteret of HAWNES b: 23 JAN 1770
- John Thynne 3rd Baron Carteret of HAWNES b: 28 DEC 1772
- Isabela THYNNE