James II, last of the Stewart kings, had fled to the continent in 1688. Jacobites, however, (the name comes from the Latin for James) drank the royal toast, passing the glass over a water jug, thus making the toast to 'the King over the water.' William of Orange and his Queen, Mary, then became joint monarchs over England and Scotland, which caused the interminable uprisings in Scotland in favor of the old Male Line, the Stewart cause was not abandoned. Graham of Claverhouse, Viscount Dundee, raised the clans for King James. At the head of the pass of Killiecrankie on July 27, 1689, the Highlanders routed the army of General Mackay, but their leader - the 'Bonnie Dundee' of Sir Walter Scott's song - was killed.
Father: Charles I STEWART , King of England b: 19 Nov 1600 in Dunfermline Palace, Fifeshire, SCOTLAND
Mother: Henriette Maria of FRANCE b: 1609 in Louvre, Paris, Seine, FRANCE
Marriage 1 Lady Anne HYDE b: 12 Mar 1637/38 in Cranbourne Lodge, near Windsor, ENGLAND
Marriage 2 Arabella CHURCHILL
Marriage 3 Lady Marie Beatrix d'Este of MODENA