Entries: 2404    Updated: Thu Feb 28 15:19:23 2002    Owner: naomi taylor

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  • ID: I1893
  • Name: William LATIMER
  • Prefix: Baron
  • Sex: M
  • Note: William was the son of the 3rd Baron Latimer also named William,and Elizabeth, daughter of John Lord Botetourt. His fatherdidn't live very long, some 34 years to be exact and William wasjust six when he died in 1335. In 1351, William had livery ofhis lands. This would normally require a visit to Parliament topay homage for them. In William's case this was deferred onaccount of his absence at Calais in the royal service. Williamsaw a lot of service on the continent and in the followingcapacities:-From: http://www.lionrampant.org/lists/latimer.html1359 Served in Gascony.1359 Appointed Governor of Becherel in Brittany.1360 Appointed King's Lieutenant in the Duchy of Brittany.1361 Appointed Lieutenant and Captain for John de Montforthaving charge of the Castles Becherel and Trungo.Also in 1361, William was made a Knight of the Garter insuccession to William Fitzwaryne, who had died on 28 Oct.1364 Present at the siege of Auray with John de Montfort andalso at the subsequent battle with Charles de Blois.After defeating Charles de Blois, William was sent by John toEngland to obtain the King's advice as to the proposed trucewith Charles de Blois's widow, and took part in the subsequentnegotiations, which resulted in a truce between the rivalclaimants to the Duchy of Brittany. Shortly after 1366, Williamreturned to England and was made Warden of the Forests beyondTrent. In 1369 he became Chamberlain to the Kings household. In1370 he was appointed as one of the Wardens of the west marchesof Scotland. Later the same year he was appointed guardian ofSt. Sauveur le Vicomte, a lucrative post, which he resignedbefore 26 Nov 1370 (Could this be because he had actually soldit!).In 1371 he became one of the triers of petitions for England,Scotland and Wales, and served in the same capacity in theparliaments 1377 - 1380. In 1373 he was appointed to treat withKing Fernando of Portugal, and in 1374 was made constable ofDover Castle and Warden of the Cinque ports.During all this time he was high in favour with Edward III, orshould I say John of Gaunt, who pulled the strings that 'worked'Edward. But when the Good Parliament met in April 1376 one ofthe first demands of the commons was for the removal of certainbad advisers. They further preceded to impeach William, thisbeing the earliest record of the impeachment of a minister ofthe crown by the commons.The charges against him were:-That he had been guilty of oppression in Brittany.That he had sold the Castle of St Sauvuer to the enemy andimpeded the relief of Becherel in 1375.That he had taken bribes for the release of captured ships.That he had retained fines paid to the King, notably by SirRobert Knolles and the City of Bristol.And finally, in association with Robert Lyons he had obtainedmoney from the crown by the repayment of fictitious loans.While the impeachment was still pending, a report was spreadthat a messenger from Rochelle had been smuggled out of the wayby Latimer. The messenger was at length found, but the clamouragainst Latimer was much increased by this incident. Latimer isalleged to have bribed this messenger and Sir Thomas Katrington,late Warden of St Sauvuer, to keep silence. Unfortunatelyneither his own precautions, nor John of Gaunt's influenceavailed to protect him. The Lords declared the charges proved,and condemned him to fine and imprisonment at the kingspleasure, and at the request of the commons he was removed fromoffice and from the Royal Council. The fine was some 20,000Marks, but this was remitted later on. Latimer could only havebeen in prison for a month or so, because he was released onbail on the 29 May 1376.There is a story that Latimer bribed his way out of prison bybribing the King himself. The story goes that Latimer sent abarrel of caviar to the Black Prince that also contained somethousand or so gold coins. The Prince sent it back, so Latimertried again but sent it to the King. The barrel didn't come backand Latimer was released shortly thereafter. Released on bail,and, though Lancaster had been obliged to sentence him toimprisonment and forfeiture of his place, the attempt to bringhim to justice proved unsuccessful. Moreover, when, through thedeath of Black Prince on June 8th, John of Gaunt recovered hisinfluence, Latimer was restored to greater favour than ever. Inthe parliament of January 1377 the commons, now under John'sinfluence, petitioned for his restoration. Previously, althoughstill on bail, he had been made an executor of the Kings will.After Edward 3rd's death, Latimer was sent on a mission from theKing to the citizens of London, to propose a reconciliationbetween them and Lancaster. He was then placed on the RoyalCouncil in July 1377, but the commons removed him once again inOctober (The commons really didn't like this guy did they!).Later on in 1377, Latimer took part in the fight with theSpaniards at Sluys and was afterwards made Governor of Calais.In 1380 he accompanied the Earl of Buckingham on his expeditionthrough France and into Brittany, as constable of the host. InOctober he was with Buckingham at Rennes and was one of theenvoys sent to John de Montfort to confirm him in his Englishalliance. After this he served at the siege of Nantes and whenthe siege was raised he was stationed at Hennebon. John deMontfort proved faithless to this old allies and Buckinghamreturned to England in April 1381.Before Buckingham left for England, Montfort commissionedLatimer to hold an interview with the Duke on his behalf.Latimer died from a sudden stroke of paralysis on May 28 1381and was buried at Guisborough, Yorkshire. A description ofLatimer was written by the St Albans Chronicler, who I believedidn't like the guy very much. Here is what he wrote about theman.'Latimer, a man of very lax morality, and a slave to avarice.His luxurious habits made him of no use in war. He was proud,cruel and irreligious, deceitful and untrustworthy. He hadenough of eloquence, but a lack of wisdom.'Latimer married Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Fitzalan, Earl ofrundel. She died in 1384, leaving a daughter, Elizabeth (1357 -1395) who married John, Lord Neville of Raby and had one son,John Neville, summoned to parliament as Baron Latimer from 1404- 1430 and died without offspring.Elizabeth Latimer married , secondly, Robert, Lord Willoughby deEresby. Her daughter Elizabeth married the third son of hersecond husband by a former marriage and the barony of Latimer isnow vested in, though not claimed by, Lord Willoughby de Brokeas her heir general.
  • Change Date: 14 NOV 2001

    Father: William LATIMER b: 1301
    Mother: Elizabeth

    Marriage 1 Elizabeth FITZALAN
      1. Has Children Elizabeth LATIMER b: 1357 in Yorkshire, England
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