Update Sept. 2003

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  • ID: I68
  • Name: James WINCHESTER
  • Prefix: General 1 2
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 6 FEB 1752 in Carroll Co., MD Near Westminster, MD "White Level"
  • Christening: 3rd Child
  • Death: 26 JUL 1826 in Cragfont, Sumner Co., TN
  • Burial: Cragfont Near Gallatin, TN
  • Occupation: Mercantile Trader
  • Religion: Methodist
  • Note: 1 3 3 1 3 4 3 5 3 3 1 2

    A land agent deeded, along with some other men,by Andrew Jackson, the land that today is Memphis-Shelby County, Tennessee. Buried at Cragfont near Gallatin TN on Bledsoe Creek. Andrew Jackson, James Winchester , his son Marcus B. Winchester, and several other men were responsible for the laying out and organization of Memphis, TN.

    Member of territorial assembly of 1794 in Knoxville. Speaker of the first state senate of Tennessee in 1796.

    Fought, and was decorated with his brother George in the field for bravery in the Rev. War. He participated in Sullivan's Raid on 22 August, 1777, where he was wounded and captured. He was treated well though, being given money and housed with local people. He was exchanged on 22 Dec., 1780. He was caught a second time in Charleston, SC in 1780 and later released. He witnessed the signing of the surrender of the British by Cornwallis at Yorktown in 1781. Both he and his brother, George were later enrolled at Annapolis and were founding members of the Society of the Cincinnati.

    He was appointed by North Carolina in 1787 as one of three commissioners to oversee the establishment of Sumner County, TN. The next year he served in the NC constitutional convention. In 1795, he was appointed Brig. general of the Mero District. After TN joined the Union in 1796, he was reappointed by Govenor John Sevier. He also became the first speaker of the Tennessee State Senate that year.

    He had received a land grant of 708 acres in Franklin Co., TN which he and Geroge Gabriel BLACK owned in partnership. He built the family home, Cragfont, on the Gallentin-Hartsville Pike between 1798 and 1802 but lived there as early as 1793. It is today a museum of the State of Tennessee. The nearest village to Cragfont is Castalian Springs, named by Winchester for the Castalian Spring on Mount Parnassus which was sacred to Appolo and the Muses. Names that he gave his children, Marcus, Lucilius, Valerius Publicola, all indicate his classical bent. The house was lost in 1864 after the Civil War. Over the next twent five years, it passed through various owners, then was occupied for almost fifty years by the Sattlewhite family of Nashville, then the McMurtry family for another twenty five years. In 1956, the Sumner County Assn. for the Preservation of Tennessee Antiquities undertook to purchase and restore the home. It is open to the public every day but Christmas.

    List of owners:
    1864-1882 J. Embry Sweeney
    1882-1887 Joe Miller
    1887 Harvey Chenault
    1887-1890 I. T. Littleton
    ? Joe Wright
    1890-1931 W. H. B. Satterwhite
    1931-1958 S. B. McMurtry
    1958-present State of Tennessee

    Fought as a Brig. General in the War of 1812. Then was a commander of US forces in the Mobile area in 1814. His last public office was that of a commissioner to determine the Chickasaw boundary line between Mississipi and Tennessee. At this time, he, along with Judge John Overton and General Andrew Jackson founded the city of Memphis, of which his son Marcus Brutus, was the first mayor.
    ,
  • Military: 2
    27 March, 1812 he was made a brigadier General in US Army. Possibly because the members of congress in his district were fearful that he might give Andrew Jackson a run for the presidency.
  • Change Date: 7 JAN 2001



    Father: William WINCHESTER b: 22 DEC 1711 in London, Westminster, England c: 1 JAN 1712 in St.martin In The Fields,Westminster, England
    Mother: Lydia RICHARDS b: 4 AUG 1727 in Dorchester CO, MD.

    Marriage 1 Susan BLACK b: BEF NOV 1777 in SC
    • Married: 1792 in Sumner Co., TN
    Children
    1. Has No Children Levinia Lawrence WINCHESTER b: 10 SEP 1792 in Fredrick CO, MD
    2. Has Children Marie Eliza WINCHESTER b: 14 MAY 1793 in Cragfont, Sumner Co., TN
    3. Has No Children Mary WINCHESTER b: ABT 1794 in Fredrick CO, MD
    4. Has Children Marcus Brutus WINCHESTER b: 28 MAY 1796 in Cragfont, Sumner Co., TN
    5. Has No Children Amanda WINCHESTER b: ? 24 NOV 1798 in Fredrick CO, MD
    6. Has No Children Cynthia WINCHESTER b: 1799
    7. Has Children Selima WINCHESTER b: 14 AUG 1800 in Cragfont, Sumner Co., TN
    8. Has Children Betsey Caroline WINCHESTER b: 1 JAN 1802 in Cragfont, Sumner Co., TN
    9. Has Children Lucilius WINCHESTER b: 23 OCT 1803 in Cragfont, Sumner Co., TN
    10. Has Children Almira WINCHESTER b: 30 MAR 1805 in Cragfont, Sumner Co., TN
    11. Has No Children Napoleon WINCHESTER b: 30 NOV 1806 in Prob Baltimore Co., MD
    12. Has No Children Malvina WINCHESTER b: 16 MAR 1809 in Sumner Co. Tn
    13. Has Children Louisa Orville WINCHESTER b: 16 MAR 1809 in Sumner Co. Tn
    14. Has Children Valerius Publicola WINCHESTER b: 24 NOV 1810 in Nashville, TN
    15. Has No Children Helen Marr WINCHESTER b: 1 OCT 1812 in Sumner Co., TN
    16. Has Children James Martin WINCHESTER b: 5 FEB 1816 in Cragfont, Sumner Co., TN
    17. Has Children George Washington WINCHESTER b: 14 MAY 1822

    Sources:
    1. Type: Book
      Author: Shelton, Emma
      Periodical: William Winchester 1711-1790
      Publication: Historical Society of Carroll County, Westminister, MD
    2. Type: Book
      Periodical: WINCHESTER-Descendants of William WINCHESTER
      Author: Col. & Mrs. Louis Farrell
      Publication: Unk.
    3. Type: Book
      Author: Ward Allen
      Periodical: Cragfont, Home of the Winchesters
      Publication: Tennessee Historical Quarterly
    4. Type: Letter
      Title: Black Family History
      Location: from Lona Koltick
    5. Type: Book
      Author: Susan Black Winchester Scales
      Periodical: Long, Long Ago- Reminiscences of Cragfont
      Publication: Quality printing Company, 1992, Second Printing
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