Name: James WINCHESTER
Prefix: General 1 2
Birth: 6 FEB 1752 in Carroll Co., MD Near Westminster, MD "White Level"
Christening: 3rd Child
Death: 26 JUL 1826 in Cragfont, Sumner Co., TN
Burial: Cragfont Near Gallatin, TN
Occupation: Mercantile Trader
Note: 1 3 3 1 3 4 3 5 3 3 1 2|
A land agent deeded, along with some other men,by Andrew Jackson, the land that today is Memphis-Shelby County, Tennessee. Buried at Cragfont near Gallatin TN on Bledsoe Creek. Andrew Jackson, James Winchester , his son Marcus B. Winchester, and several other men were responsible for the laying out and organization of Memphis, TN.
Member of territorial assembly of 1794 in Knoxville. Speaker of the first state senate of Tennessee in 1796.
Fought, and was decorated with his brother George in the field for bravery in the Rev. War. He participated in Sullivan's Raid on 22 August, 1777, where he was wounded and captured. He was treated well though, being given money and housed with local people. He was exchanged on 22 Dec., 1780. He was caught a second time in Charleston, SC in 1780 and later released. He witnessed the signing of the surrender of the British by Cornwallis at Yorktown in 1781. Both he and his brother, George were later enrolled at Annapolis and were founding members of the Society of the Cincinnati.
He was appointed by North Carolina in 1787 as one of three commissioners to oversee the establishment of Sumner County, TN. The next year he served in the NC constitutional convention. In 1795, he was appointed Brig. general of the Mero District. After TN joined the Union in 1796, he was reappointed by Govenor John Sevier. He also became the first speaker of the Tennessee State Senate that year.
He had received a land grant of 708 acres in Franklin Co., TN which he and Geroge Gabriel BLACK owned in partnership. He built the family home, Cragfont, on the Gallentin-Hartsville Pike between 1798 and 1802 but lived there as early as 1793. It is today a museum of the State of Tennessee. The nearest village to Cragfont is Castalian Springs, named by Winchester for the Castalian Spring on Mount Parnassus which was sacred to Appolo and the Muses. Names that he gave his children, Marcus, Lucilius, Valerius Publicola, all indicate his classical bent. The house was lost in 1864 after the Civil War. Over the next twent five years, it passed through various owners, then was occupied for almost fifty years by the Sattlewhite family of Nashville, then the McMurtry family for another twenty five years. In 1956, the Sumner County Assn. for the Preservation of Tennessee Antiquities undertook to purchase and restore the home. It is open to the public every day but Christmas.
List of owners:
1864-1882 J. Embry Sweeney
1882-1887 Joe Miller
1887 Harvey Chenault
1887-1890 I. T. Littleton
? Joe Wright
1890-1931 W. H. B. Satterwhite
1931-1958 S. B. McMurtry
1958-present State of Tennessee
Fought as a Brig. General in the War of 1812. Then was a commander of US forces in the Mobile area in 1814. His last public office was that of a commissioner to determine the Chickasaw boundary line between Mississipi and Tennessee. At this time, he, along with Judge John Overton and General Andrew Jackson founded the city of Memphis, of which his son Marcus Brutus, was the first mayor.
27 March, 1812 he was made a brigadier General in US Army. Possibly because the members of congress in his district were fearful that he might give Andrew Jackson a run for the presidency.
Change Date: 7 JAN 2001
Father: William WINCHESTER b: 22 DEC 1711 in London, Westminster, England c: 1 JAN 1712 in St.martin In The Fields,Westminster, England
Mother: Lydia RICHARDS b: 4 AUG 1727 in Dorchester CO, MD.
Susan BLACK b: BEF NOV 1777 in SC
in Sumner Co., TN
- Levinia Lawrence WINCHESTER b: 10 SEP 1792 in Fredrick CO, MD
- Marie Eliza WINCHESTER b: 14 MAY 1793 in Cragfont, Sumner Co., TN
- Mary WINCHESTER b: ABT 1794 in Fredrick CO, MD
- Marcus Brutus WINCHESTER b: 28 MAY 1796 in Cragfont, Sumner Co., TN
- Amanda WINCHESTER b: ? 24 NOV 1798 in Fredrick CO, MD
- Cynthia WINCHESTER b: 1799
- Selima WINCHESTER b: 14 AUG 1800 in Cragfont, Sumner Co., TN
- Betsey Caroline WINCHESTER b: 1 JAN 1802 in Cragfont, Sumner Co., TN
- Lucilius WINCHESTER b: 23 OCT 1803 in Cragfont, Sumner Co., TN
- Almira WINCHESTER b: 30 MAR 1805 in Cragfont, Sumner Co., TN
- Napoleon WINCHESTER b: 30 NOV 1806 in Prob Baltimore Co., MD
- Malvina WINCHESTER b: 16 MAR 1809 in Sumner Co. Tn
- Louisa Orville WINCHESTER b: 16 MAR 1809 in Sumner Co. Tn
- Valerius Publicola WINCHESTER b: 24 NOV 1810 in Nashville, TN
- Helen Marr WINCHESTER b: 1 OCT 1812 in Sumner Co., TN
- James Martin WINCHESTER b: 5 FEB 1816 in Cragfont, Sumner Co., TN
- George Washington WINCHESTER b: 14 MAY 1822
- Type: Book
Author: Shelton, Emma
Periodical: William Winchester 1711-1790
Publication: Historical Society of Carroll County, Westminister, MD
- Type: Book
Periodical: WINCHESTER-Descendants of William WINCHESTER
Author: Col. & Mrs. Louis Farrell
- Type: Book
Author: Ward Allen
Periodical: Cragfont, Home of the Winchesters
Publication: Tennessee Historical Quarterly
- Type: Letter
Title: Black Family History
Location: from Lona Koltick
- Type: Book
Author: Susan Black Winchester Scales
Periodical: Long, Long Ago- Reminiscences of Cragfont
Publication: Quality printing Company, 1992, Second Printing