Bridges to Sanford Sideroads

Entries: 30093    Updated: 2008-07-12 18:47:12 UTC (Sat)    Owner: PEGGY FIVEASH

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  • ID: I8570
  • Name: EDMUND (Earl of Lancaster) CROUCHBACK
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 16 JAN 1244 in LONDON, ENGLAND
  • Note: 1245
  • Death: 15 JUN 1296 in bAYONNE, FRANCE
  • Note:
    *Note. The following is a brief summary of Edmund's entry from
    the "Dictionary of National Biography" In 1254, at the age of
    nine, Pope Innocent VI invested him with the kingdom of Sicily
    and Apulia. The huge sums of money sought by the Pope and
    Edmund's father, King Henry III, to drive Manfred out of
    southern Italy made this venture very unpopular with English
    barons. The scheme was finally abandoned in 1263. In 1264,
    England was in a state of civil war. King Henry iii and Prince
    Edward were captured by the forces of Simon De Montfort, the
    Earl of Leicester, who was, for all practical purposes, the
    ruler of England. Meanwhile Edmund and his mother Queen Eleanor
    were in Paris raining and army. After the Battle of Eversham in
    1265, when Si,on de Montfort was slain and his forces defeated
    by Prince Edward who had escaped form captivity. Edmund returne
    to England with his mother. He was one of the magnates who urged
    the king to adopt the sweeping measure of confiscation(against
    those barons who had supported Montfort) determined on in the
    Parliament of Wimchester, being moved, it was believed, by the
    desire of enriching himself. He had a large share of spoils,
    being created Earl of Leiscester and recieveing the the
    stewardship of the knigdom. In 1267 he was also created Earl of
    Lancaster. With his brother Prince Edward, and several other
    magnates, Edmund took up the cross in 1268 and was with his
    brother at Acre in 1271/72. One theory on how he received his
    nickname "Crouchbach" derives from the fact that he accomplished
    little or nothing on th crusade. By his mariage, after the death
    of his childless first wife (Aveline de Fortibus) to
    granddaughter of King Louis V111 of France, Edmund became Count
    of Champagne and Brie. From 1277 to 1296 Edmund was active in
    the king's service. He commanded the king's force in South
    Wales, acted as ambassadore at the French Court. Unsuccessfully
    attempted to organize another crusader on behalf of the king,
    and in conjunction with Roger de Mortimer, Earl of March
    (RIN684), defeated and executed Llewelyn in Wales. When war
    broke out with France in 1294/5, Edmund was again serving as
    ambassador there. Remaining loyal to King Edward, he, of course,
    lost all claim to the to his French possessions. He led armies
    in Brittany and Gascony. He died in Bayonne deeply mortified
    that he was not provided the funds needed to keep his army in
    the field. "He was religouise, gay, and pleasant in disposition,
    openhanded, and a popular commander.

    Mother: ELEANOR of Provence BERENGER b: ABT 1217 in AIX-EN-PROVENCE

    Marriage 1 BLANCHE ARTOIS b: 1248
    • Married: 29 OCT 1276
    • Note: Weis Ancestral Roots
    1. Has Children HENRY (Earl) LANCASTER b: ABT 1281
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