Name: William Henry HANOVER
ALIA: Silly /Billy/
Title: King of Great Britain
Birth: 21 AUG 1765 in London, England
Death: 20 JUN 1837 in Windsor, Berkshire, England of Liver Failure
Royal Title BET 1830 AND 1837 King William IV (Great Britain)
Royal Title Duke of Brunswick
Royal Title Duke of Clarence (4th)
Royal Title Duke of St. Andrews
Royal Title Earl of Munster
The House Of Hanover
WILLIAM IV 1765-1837
William IV was the third son of George III and Charlotte of Mecklenberg-Strelitz. As it was never expected that he would suceed to the throne, he was brought up for a career in the navy and was created Duke of Clarence.At twenty-one he was made captain of a frigate and was eventually appointed admiral of the fleet.He took as his mistress the actress Dorothy Jordan, by whom he had ten illegitimate children, the Fitzclarences.
When the Regent's only child, Princess Charlotte died in 1817, Parliament offered to pay his debts if he married and secured the succesion in the next generation. William had no qualms about leaving Mrs Jordan. A marriage was arranged with Adelaide of Saxe-Meningen and the ceremony was conducted at Kew Palace on 13th July, 1818. Though not beautiful, the German Princess was to prove affectionate, kind and loyal. The marriage produced two daughters, Charlotte and Elizabeth, both of whom were only to live a few days.
William ascended the throne at the age of sixty-nine, on the death of his brother George IV, his was not expected to be a long reign. He was good natured, well meaning and informal but he did exhibit certain oddities and could be rather outspoken. He inherited the throne at a time when the monarchy was at a uniquely low ebb and in contrast to the seclusion of his brother's last years he made himself refreshingly accessible and he insisted that his coronation should cost only a fraction of his brother's.
The Reform Bill, a revolutionary change of the constitution was passed by Parliament in 1832. William's heir presumptive was his niece, Victoria, the daughter of his late brother, the Duke of Kent. Both William and Adelaide were extremely fond of her, but her mother kept her away from court as much as possible and did not reciprocate the King and Queen's friendly overtures. In 1832, the Duchess of Kent took her daughter on a stately progress through the country and even let it be known that unlike the King, she was in favour of reform. William was infuriated by such behaviour and began to detest his sister-in -law. The Duchess of Kent was prompted by her ambitious comptroller, Sir John Conroy, who hoped to be the power behind the throne during Victoria's minority. The Duchess delivered further petty slights which served to fray the King's temper even further.
Adelaide of Saxe- Meiningen, wife of William IV.
In 1836, the King celebrated his birthday by a banquet to which Victoria and her mother were invited to attend. William welcomed his niece but his reception of her mother was markedly frosty. In the course of the following day, the King brooded on the iniquities of the Duchess and at the end of the banquet completed a long career of public indiscretion by openly criticizing the Duchess' behaviour in his speech to his guests, calling her "incompetent" and "surrounded by evil advisers" and went on at length in a tirade about the insults he had suffered at her hand. The Duchess of Kent sat in stoney faced silence, but it was all too much for the young Princess Victoria, who burst into tears at the table. The Duchess departed in fury the following day. Relations between the two rival courts deteriorated rapidly.
William suffered a severe bout of asthma in April, 1837. On 24th May, he had the great pleasure of seeing Victoria reach her eighteenth birthday, which of course meant the Duchess of Kent would not be regent. By June, the King's health began to deteriorate rapidly. He had coughing fits and difficulty in breathing and grew steadily weaker, loosing consciousness for spells. He died on the morning of 20th June with Adelaide and his Fitzclarence children at his side.
Father: George William Frederick HANOVER b: 4 JUN 1738 in Norfolk House (St. James Square, London, England)
Mother: Charlotte Sophia MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ b: 19 APR 1744 in Mirow
Dorthea BLAND b: 1761
- George FITZCLARENCE b: 1794
- Henry FITZCLARENCE b: 1795
- Sophia FITZCLARENCE b: 1796
- Mary FITZCLARENCE b: 1798
- Frederick FITZCLARENCE b: 1799
- Elizabeth FITZCLARENCE b: 1801
- Adolphus FITZCLARENCE b: 1802
- Augusta FITZCLARENCE b: 1803
- Augustus FITZCLARENCE b: 1805
- Amelia FITZCLARENCE b: 1807
Adelheid Luisa Theresa Caroline SAXE-MEININGEN b: 13 AUG 1792 in Meiningen, Germany
13 JUL 1818
in Kew Palace (Surrey, England)
- Charlotte Augusta Louisa HANOVER b: 27 MAR 1819 in Schlob Furstenhof (Hanover, Germany)
- Elizabeth Georgiana Adelaide HANOVER b: 10 DEC 1820 in St. James Palace (London, England)