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  • ID: I50428
  • Name: Matthew Leander KING
  • Prefix: Maj.
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 20 MAY 1878 in Panora,Guthrie County,Iowa 1
  • Death: 23 OCT 1919 in Fort Sheridan,Lake County,Illinois
  • Note:
    From "Transactions of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers," vol. 41, 1919; p. 1129:

    Obituary:

    Matthew Leander King, Major, died on October 23, 1919. Major King was born in Panora, Ill. **, on May 20, 1878. He was graduated from the mechanical engineering department of Iowa State College in 1906. He spent five years as an experimentalist in agricultural engineering with the Experiment Station of Iowa State College, Ames, Iowa, during which time he invented the hollow clay tile silo. For two years he was superintendent and general manager of the David M. Bradley Implement Works at Bradley, Illinois. He organized the Iowa City manufacturers into the Permanent Buildings Society for the development of new designs of and uses for hollow-clay building tile. Mr. King entered the army in September, 1917, with the rank of Captain and was assigned to the Aviation School of Aerial Observation at Post Field, Fort Sill, Okla., in charge of maintenance and repair of aeroplanes. He was advanced to the rank of Major in August, 1918, and in November of that year was assigned to Indianapolis as chief engineering officer for aviation in the Northern District. In February 1919, he was made acting director of aviation for the Northern District. In April he was transferred to Washington, D.C., and from there he was assigned on special missions until July when he became flight commander and chief engineering officer of the All-American Pathfinding and Recruiting Expedition. He was transferred from the Officers' Reserve Corps to the regular army with the rank of Major in October about a week before his death. While at Post Field he learned to fly and was given the classification of Reserve Military Aviator. Major King was a charter member of the American Society of Agricultural Engineers, a member of the American Society for Testing Materials, and belonged to various aeronautical and officers' clubs. He became a member of our Society in 1912.

    ** Searching for Panora, Illinois did not turn up any such town. There is a Panora, Iowa in Guthrie County, and a Peoria, Illinois, in Peoria County. Given the references in his obituary to other Iowa interests, it is more likely that it was Panora, Iowa. See the additional confirmation of this assertion in the biography found below.
    ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    1880 U.S. Census entry:

    Name: Mathiew King
    Home in 1880: Dodge, Guthrie, Iowa
    Age: 2
    Estimated birth year: abt 1878
    Birthplace: Iowa
    Relation to head-of-household: Son
    Father's name: John
    Father's birthplace: Canada
    Mother's name: Anna R.
    Mother's birthplace: PA
    Neighbors: View others on page
    Marital Status: Single
    Race: White
    Gender: Male

    Household Members: Name Age
    John King 41
    Anna R. King 29
    Harriett King 8
    John W. King 5
    Mathiew King 2
    James King 2
    Dennis Ferris 20
    -------------------------------------------------------------
    Posted online biography (courtesy http://www.rootsweb.com/~iaguthri/html/weekspt2.html)

    MATTHEW LEANDER KING
    Ames, Iowa

    Born May 20th, 1878, on a farm about midway between Guthrie Center and Panora. His father was John and his mother, Anna Ross Caldwell King. Matt's schooling was received at the district school, the Guthrie County High and Iowa State College. Following his graduation in 1906 he remained at the college and took up research work in Agricultural Engineering.

    He invented and developed the "Iowa Silo" a hollow tile silo, simple, practical, easy to construct and reasonable in cost. He was intensely interested in the brick and tile industries of the state and took up that work..

    In 1917 he entered the army as Captain and was Chief Aeronautical Engineer at Post Field, Fort Sill, Okla. For his work here he was recommended for the Distinguished Service Medal. Later he served at Indianapolis and was then transferred to Washington, D. C. Here he became an All American Pathfinder, a military group locating flying fields all over the U. S. He died at Fort Sheridan, October 23rd, 1919, having the rank of Major.

    He married Lucy Massure at Redfield, Iowa. January 1st, 1901. The widow and two daughters survived him.

    His genius and powers were unselfishly given the state. Not fortune and capital were the harvest of his life, but rather the common good, the love and example of a noble, patriotic soul.
  • Change Date: 21 SEP 2007 at 14:20:16



    Father: John KING b: Abt 1839 in Canada
    Mother: Anna Ross CALDWELL b: Abt 1851 in Pennsylvania

    Marriage 1 Lucy M. MASSURE b: 15 JAN 1879 in Iowa
    • Married: 1 JAN 1901 in Redfield,Dallas County,Iowa
    Children
    1. Has Children Harriet Marie KING b: 3 NOV 1907 in Ames,Story County,Iowa
    2. Has Children Helen KING b: 20 MAY 1914

    Sources:
    1. Title: Transactions of The American Society of Mechanical Engineers
      Publication: pub. 1919
      Abbrev: Transactions of The ASME
      Note:
      http://books.google.com/books?id=ZyViriGj2BUC&pg=PA1129&lpg=PA1129&dq=hollow+tile+silo+invented+king&source=web&ots=J31SH7msDo&sig=57QHtcqZeHCfbwlu-ml0vahc8jQ#PPA1129,M1
      Page: Vol. 41, p. 1129
      Quality: 2
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