Ancestors of a 21st century British family

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  • ID: I12317
  • Name: Gervase Clifton
  • Suffix: 1st Bt
  • Prefix: Sir
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 9 SEP 1587 1
  • Death: 28 JUN 1666
  • Burial: Southwell Minster, Notts: choir
  • Occupation: Married 7 times. 3rd baronet ever created.
  • Education: St. John's College, Cambridge
  • PCTS: Portrait was at Clifton Hall, Clifton, in 1906.
  • MEM: Clifton church, Notts; bust
  • Note: 2 3 4

    Born posthumously.
    ---
    Sir Gervase, who lived to be nearly 80, is often known as the "Sir Gervase with seven wives" this is a list of them :?
    1. Penelope, daughter ofthe Earl and Countess of Warwick. "A lady conspicuous for extraordinary
    nearly broke his father's heart, and finally after succeeding to the title in 1666, died without issue in 1676, "the wretched unfortunate, who was his father's greatest foil.?
    2. Frances [Clifford], daughter of the Earl and Countess of Cumberland. "A most noble, wise and pious lady." who died in 1627, aged 33, and was also buried here. Had five children and many grandchildren.
    3. Maria, daughter of John Egioke of Egioke, widow of Sir Francis Leeke of Sutton. "Averyexcellent lady," ? buried in 1630 at St. Giles Church, London.
    4. Isabella, widow of John Hodges Alderman of London, who was buried here in 1637.
    5. Anna, daughter of Sir Francis South, also buried here in 1639.
    6. Jane, daughter of Anthony Eyre of Rampton. Whose son Robert was the father of Sir Gervase the eventual successor as 4th Bart. She died in London in 1655, but was buried at Clifton too. Ancestor of the surviving descendants of the Clifford family.
    7. Alice, daughter ofthe Earl and Countess ofHuntington, who died after her husband, but in the same year (1666) and was buried at St. Giles Church, London, where "on a gravestone in ye chancell" was found: "Here rests hopefull of a glourious resurrection the Lady Alice, the eldest dau. of Henry Lord ? Hastings, Earle of Huntington and relict of Sir Gervase Clifton, Kt., Baronet, whose constant pietye assures her happiness. Obit 12 Martii 1666 aetatis 61."
    ---
    This Sir Gervase was made a K.B. at the coronation of James I., and a Baronet in 1611, his name being third in the first list of creations to the new Order.
    ---
    This boy lived through the stirring times of the great Civil War to a ripe old age, and became the most illustrious of all his family. The Earl of Shrewsbury, who took an interest in his education, described him when he was fifteen as possessing "a rare and excellent wit," and he used his influence to get him sent to St. John's College, Cambridge.1 In 1603 we get a glimpse of the young undergraduate thanking the earl with some Latin verses for the watch he had sent him.2 He was knighted that same year, and after studying for a time in the Inner Temple he settled down to the duties of his station serving as Sheriff of the county, 1610; as a Justice of the Peace; and as a deputy-Lieutenant. He represented the county in parliament in 1614, 1621, 1624, 1625, 1626 and the borough in 1628, and held various local offices of importance. In 1611 he was one of the first to acquire the newly introduced rank of Baronet.
    The amiability of his character (which won for him the title his grandfather had borne of Gervase the Gentle), and his numerous marriages soon gave him a large and influential circle of friends.
    He had seven wives, and some of them linked him with the most powerful families in the kingdom. Among his familiar correspondents before the Civil War were the great Sir Thomas Wentworth (to whom he was brother-in-law), the Earls of Newcastle, Kingston and Exeter, Sir Harry Vane and the philosopher Thomas Hobbes.
    Gervase Holles, who knew him well, described him as " a gentleman every way worthy of his ancient extraction and deserving ancestors, having lived with as much lustre and love in his country as any in my time whosoever ; being of a nature (like his grandfather) most affable and courteous, of a disposition most noble, of good erudition and (throughout this long and damned rebellion) of a most unshaken and unsullied loyaltytohis lawful Souveragne."
    His loyaltywas anoutstanding trait in his character, and the Earl of Exeter told him in 1630 that if only the king's servants possessed something of his "zealous pursute of His Majesty's sarvice "... "His Majesty's sarvis would be incrediblie advanced."9 When the Bishops' War broke out he promptly despatched troops to join the forces which Newcastle was collecting in the North, and at the opening of the Civil War, in response to a personal appeal from the king, he sent into Nottingham Castle for the use of the royalist forces a large collection of arms, armour and othermilitary furniture. He also actedasoneof Charles'scommissionersof arrayforLincolnshire. According to his own statement he was never actually in arms during the war but he attended the parliament summoned by the king at Oxford early in 1644, and was suspected by Colonel Hutchinson of being implicated in the seizing of Trent Bridge from the Parliamentarians in April, 1645. He was in Newark during the siege, 1645-6, and in June, 1646 compounded for his estates by a fine which was first fixed at 12,120, but was afterwards considerably reduced.
    For the rest of his life he seems to have lived quietly in retirement on his estates, his peace disturbed only by the conduct of his eldest son whom Thoroton describes as "the wretched unfortunate Sir Gervase, his father's greatest foyl." Of this family tragedy we have evidence in his own words. Writing to a friend in 1637, he said, "I would have you goe to my son and lette him know from me that till he carry himself more piously to God, more worthyly and soberly to his wife, more without scandall and intemperancy in his generall courses and leave of to wast and consume his estate as he doth . . . the world takes such notice of thes particulars as I have no great joy to see him at my howse and I may not be an Eli to connive at or sooth his obliquityes least I share in the guilt and punishment." Two years later he excused himself for not attending the Earl of Newcastle in person in the Scottish war as his wife " lyes att this present gaspinge and my sonne gapinge not for what I leave dyinge but what I have Hvinge my backe beinge turned to make a prey of all my convertible goodes within dores and without."16
    After the Restoration he was again returned to parliament for the shire in 1661 and sat until his death in 1666, when he was succeeded in his estates by his second son, Sir Clifford Clifton.
    ---
    4 mths old at grandfather?s death.[Actually seems he was 9 mths old.]
    ---
    The eldest son, Gervase, was still alive and inherited the baronetcy, but he had forfeited his rights as heir by his conduct and was passed over, so far as lay in his father's power, in favour of his younger brother. He died without heirs in 1676 and the title then reverted to William, the son and heir of Sir Clifford Clifton, who had died in 1670.
    [William died unmarried 1686.]
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  • Change Date: 25 NOV 2008



    Father: George Clifton b: JAN 1566 in Clifton, Nottinghamshire
    Mother: Winifred Thorold b: ABT 1567 in Marston, Lincolnshire

    Marriage 1 Penelope Rich
    • Married: 1613

    Marriage 2 Frances Clifford b: 10 APR 1595
    • Married: 7 SEP 1615
    Children
    1. Has Children Clifford Clifton b: 22 JUN 1626 in Clifton, Nottinghamshire

    Sources:
    1. Type: Web Site
      Title: Stirnet Genealogy
      Author: Patrick Barns-Graham
      URL: www.stirnet.com
    2. Text: The Clifton Book
      Rev Rosslyn Bruce, Rector of Clifton
      1906
    3. Type: Book
      Periodical: Debrett?s Baronetage 1828
      URL: www.accessgenealogy.com
    4. Text: Notes on the Early History of the Clifton Family
      By A C Wood 1933
      http://www.nottshistory.org.uk/articles/people.htm
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