Name: George Talbot
Suffix: 4th Earl of Shrewsbury
Birth: 1468 in Shifnal, Shropshire 1
Death: 26 JUL 1538 in Wingfield Manor, Derbyshire 2
Burial: 27 MAR 1539 St. Peter, Sheffield, Yorkshire
MEM: Sheffield Cathedral, Yorkshire: effigy with his two wives.
FILE: /Ged Pics mstr/Talbot, Geo, d 1539.jpg
Title: Talbot, Geo, d 1539.jpg
_SIZE: 300.000000 300.000000
Change Date: 21 AUG 2007
Knight of the Garter. Knight of the Bath 18 Apr 1475 [DNB]. Earl of Waterford. Fought with distinction against Lambert Simnel at the battle of Stoke.
Broke with the tradition of his family and decided to make Sheffield his home, living in the castle built by Lord Furnival . Having a large family and being a very wealthy man, he found the castle accommodation extremely cramped. In 1516, he decided to build himself a country mansion on a hill about two miles away, in the stretch of woodland called Sheffield Park. The Park at that time was quite large and deer roamed freely through the oak and walnut trees. Built of brick and stone, the Lodge, as George Talbot called it, was oblong in shape and had an inner and outer courtyard. The Earl spent considerable sums of money on decorating the building and from then on, lived either in the Manor Lodge or in Sheffield Castle.
He was now a very powerful man, being Lord Steward of the King's Household and Lieutenant-General of the North, and he built a chapel in Sheffield Parish Church, in which he and his family could be buried. This is known as the Shrewsbury Chapel and now forms a historic part of Sheffield Cathedral.
A famous visitor to the Manor Lodge during George 's time was Cardinal Wolsey, who was kept at the Manor for eighteen days when he passed through Sheffield on his way to London in 1530. On the 4 Nov 1530, he was arrested for treason and brought south from York for his trial, arriving four days later at the Manor Lodge. He was treated kindly by the Earl and his family, who tried to make his stay as comfortable as possible. However, Wolsey became very ill before leaving Sheffield under guard.
Eight years later, in 1538, the Earl died while at Wingfield Manor and his body was laid to rest in the Shrewsbury Chapel, in the Sheffield Parish Church. Here he joined his first wife, Anne Hastings, the mother of eleven of his children. In his will, the fourth Earl directed ' that a tomb of marble should be set over his grave with three images thereon, namely one of himself in his mantle of the Garter, another of his deceased wife in her robes, and a third of his wife then living'. This beautiful tomb, still in near perfect condition, stands under a flat-topped arch on the left-hand side of the Shrewsbury Chapel.
In the 16th Century the Lords of the Manor of Sheffield were the Earls of Shrewsbury. The Shewsbury Chapel in the south-east corner of teh church was built circa 1520 by George Talbot, the Fourth Earl, as a family chapel with a burial vault below. The monuments in this chapel have been described by Joseph Hunter as being among the finest in the land.
The monument to the 4th Earl of Shrewsbury shows the figure of George Talbot who died in 1538. To the left and right of the Earl are his two countesses: Ann who died in 1520 and Elizabeth who died in 1567. The tomb was erected in the lifetime of the second countess.
George Talbot was born in 1468. At the age of 13 he married Ann and they had 11 children. He became involved in military and diplomatic work and was a commander in the English invasion of France in 1513. He was later made Lt General of the North. In 1530 he entertained Cardinal Wolsey who was travelling south to face trial. In 1536 the Earl was responsible for putting down the rebellion against Henry VIII?s religious policy, known as the Pilgrimage of Grace. His second wife survived him for 29 years.
The Earl is dressed as a Knight of the Garter. His feet rest on a Talbot (a Talbot was a medieval hunting dog and a heraldic device for the family). A Talbot can also be seen carved on his ring. The two countesses are richly dressed with their coronets and robes showing their armorial bearings. The figures are of extraordinary beauty and are intended to be portraits. The altar tomb on which the effigies rest is richly carved.
Father: John Talbot b: 12 DEC 1448
Mother: Catherine Stafford
Anne Hastings b: ABT 1471
BEF 27 JUN 1481 2
- Francis Talbot
- Elizabeth Talbot
- Margaret Talbot
- Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage 92nd Edition
- Type: Web Site
Author: Jorge H. Castelli