Name: John I ?Lackland? I Plantagenet
Suffix: of England
Birth: 24 DEC 1166 in Beaumont Palace, Oxford
Death: 19 OCT 1216 in Newark Castle, Lincolnshire
Burial: Worcester Cathedral
Occupation: King of England 1199-1216
MEM: Worcester Cathedral: Effigy sculpted in 1230, on tomb chest of 1539
FILE: /Ged Pics mstr/Plantagenet, John Lackland
Title: Plantagenet, John Lackland
_SIZE: 79.000000 130.000000
Change Date: 22 SEP 2008
Also Lord of Ireland, and Count of Mortain, best known for signing the Magna Carta.
Henry II provided for the eventual inheritance of his lands by his older sons before John was born. By 1186, however, only Richard I, the Lion-Hearted, and John were left as Henry's heirs. In 1189, as Henry neared death, John joined Richard's rebellion against their father, and when Richard was crowned, he gave John many estates and titles. John tried but failed to usurp the Crown while Richard was away on the Third Crusade:
Upon returning to England, Richard forgave him. When his brother died in 1199, John became king. A revolt ensued by the supporters of Arthur of Brittany, the son of John's brother, Geoffrey. Arthur was defeated and captured in 1202, and John is believed to have had him murdered. King
Philip II of France continued Arthur's war until John had to surrender nearly all his French possessions in 1204. In 1207 John refused to accept the election of Stephen Langton as archbishop of Canterbury. Pope Innocent III then excommunicated him and began negotiating with Philip for an
invasion of England. Desperate, John surrendered England to the pope and in 1213 received it back as a fief. Trying to regain his French possession, he was decisively defeated by Philip in 1214. John's reign had become increasingly tyrannical; to support his wars he had extorted money, raised taxes, and confiscated properties. His barons finally united to force him to respect their rights and privileges. John had little choice but to sign the Magna Carta presented to him by his barons at Runnymede in 1215, making him subject, rather than superior, to the law. Shortly
afterward John and the barons were at war. He died while still pursuing the campaign, and was succeeded by his son, Henry III.
Alleged to have had an illegitimate daughter Isabel, who married Richard Fitz Ives, Knt. (died 1207), of Degembris (in Newlyn East), Cornwall, whose descendant and heiress was Isabel Beaupre who married John Langlonde / Langland (qv).
Father: Henry Plantagenet b: 5 MAR 1133 in Le Mans, France
Mother: Eleanor of Aquitaine b: 1122 in Aquitane, France
Isabella of Angouleme b: ABT 1188 in Angouleme, Angouleme, Charente, France
24 JUN 1200
in Bordeaux, France
- Henry Plantagenet b: 1 OCT 1207 in Winchester
- Richard Plantagenet b: 5 JAN 1209 in Winchester, Hampshire
- Eleanor Plantagenet
- Joan Plantagenet
- Richard Fitzroy
- Joan Plantagenet
Mistress of King John Plantagenet
- Isabella de Blanche
- Text: Douglas Richardson
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