Ancestors of a 21st century British family

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  • ID: I1707
  • Name: Henry Plantagenet
  • Suffix: II of England
  • Prefix: King
  • Reference Number: +
  • Sex: M 1
  • Birth: 5 MAR 1133 in Le Mans, France
  • Death: 6 JUL 1189 in Chinon, nr Tours, France
  • Birth: 5 MAR 1133 in Le Mans, France
  • Death: 6 JUL 1189 in Chinon, France
  • Burial: Fontevrault Abbey, Anjou, France
  • Event: 1154/1189
  • Note: Reigned
  • Occupation: King 1154-89
  • MEM: Fontevrault Abbey, Anjou, France: tomb with efffigy
  • Note:

    He was also Duke of Normandy, and first monarch of the house of Anjou, or Plantagenet, an important administrative reformer, who was one of the most powerful European rulers of his time.
    Henry became duke of Normandy in 1151. The following year, on the death of his father, he inherited the Angevin territories in France. By his marriage to Eleanor of Aquitaine, Henry added vast territories in southwestern France to his possessions. Henry claimed the English kingship
    through his mother. She had been designated the heiress of Henry I but had been deprived of the succession by her cousin, Stephen of Blois, who made himself king. In 1153 Henry defeated Stephen's armies in England and compelled the king to choose him as his successor; on Stephen's death, the following year, Henry became king. During the first few years of his reign
    Henry quelled the disorders that had developed during Stephen's reign, regained the northern counties of England, which had previously been ceded to Scotland, and conquered North Wales. In 1171-72 he began the Norman conquest of Ireland and in 1174 forced William the Lion, king of the Scots, to recognize him as overlord.
    In 1164 Henry became involved in a quarrel with Thomas ? Becket, whom he had appointed archbishop of Canterbury. By the Constitutions of Clarendon, the king decreed that priests accused of crimes should be tried in royal courts; Becket claimed that such cases should be handled by ecclesiastical courts, and the controversy that followed ended in 1170 with Becket's
    murder by four of Henry's knights. Widespread indignation over the murder forced the king to rescind his decree and recognize Becket as a martyr.
    Although he failed to subject the church to his courts, Henry's judicial reforms were of lasting significance. In England he established a centralized system of justice accessible to all freemen and administered by judges who traveled around the country at regular intervals. He also
    began the process of replacing the old trial by ordeal with modern court procedures.
    From the beginning of his reign, Henry was involved in conflict with Louis VII, king of France, and later with Louis's successor, Philip II, over the French provinces that Henry claimed. A succession of rebellions against Henry, headed by his sons and furthered by Philip II and by Eleanor of Aquitaine, began in 1173 and continued until his death. Henry was succeeded by his son Richard I, called Richard the Lion-Hearted.
    ---
    Henry II had seven legitimate children. All but one went on to have children themselves, and so they may be ancestors of many people living today. He also allegedly fathered bastard children with five women.
    (Charles Mosley, Debretts)
  • _UID: 5FB57327DF3E4ABDB21FC4215019B49035A0
  • OBJE:
  • FORM: jpg
  • FILE: ~/Documents/Ged Pics mstr/Plantagenet, Henry II.jpg
  • Title: Plantagenet, Henry II.jpg
  • _TYPE: PHOTO
  • _PRIM: Y
  • _SIZE: 425.000000 314.000000
  • Change Date: 3 MAR 2008



    Father: Gottfried or Geoffrey V Plantagenet b: 24 AUG 1113 in Anjou, France
    Mother: Maud or Matilda of England b: 5 AUG 1102 in Winchester, Hampshire, England

    Marriage 1 Eleanor of Aquitaine b: 1122 in Aquitane, France
    • Married: 18 MAY 1152 in Poitiers, France
    Children
    1. Has Children Richard ?the Lionheart? Plantagenet b: 8 SEP 1157 in Beaunont Palace, Oxfordshire, England
    2. Has Children John I ?Lackland? I Plantagenet b: 24 DEC 1166 in Beaumont Palace, Oxford
    3. Has Children Eleanor Plantagenet
    4. Has Children Matilda Plantagenet
    5. Has Children Joan Plantagenet

    Marriage 2 Rosamunde ?Faire Rosamunde? Of Clifford b: ABT 1136
      Children
      1. Has No Children Geoffrey Plantagenet b: 19 AUG 1186
      2. Has Children Isabel Plantagenet

      Marriage 3 Ida De Toeni
        Children
        1. Has Children William ?Longespee? Plantagenet b: 1173

        Sources:
        1. Type: Gedcom File
          Title: Buell gedcom
          Date: 9/3/01
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