Name: Henry Plantagenet
Suffix: II of England
Reference Number: +
Sex: M 1
Birth: 5 MAR 1133 in Le Mans, France
Death: 6 JUL 1189 in Chinon, nr Tours, France
Birth: 5 MAR 1133 in Le Mans, France
Death: 6 JUL 1189 in Chinon, France
Burial: Fontevrault Abbey, Anjou, France
Occupation: King 1154-89
MEM: Fontevrault Abbey, Anjou, France: tomb with efffigy
FILE: ~/Documents/Ged Pics mstr/Plantagenet, Henry II.jpg
Title: Plantagenet, Henry II.jpg
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Change Date: 3 MAR 2008
He was also Duke of Normandy, and first monarch of the house of Anjou, or Plantagenet, an important administrative reformer, who was one of the most powerful European rulers of his time.
Henry became duke of Normandy in 1151. The following year, on the death of his father, he inherited the Angevin territories in France. By his marriage to Eleanor of Aquitaine, Henry added vast territories in southwestern France to his possessions. Henry claimed the English kingship
through his mother. She had been designated the heiress of Henry I but had been deprived of the succession by her cousin, Stephen of Blois, who made himself king. In 1153 Henry defeated Stephen's armies in England and compelled the king to choose him as his successor; on Stephen's death, the following year, Henry became king. During the first few years of his reign
Henry quelled the disorders that had developed during Stephen's reign, regained the northern counties of England, which had previously been ceded to Scotland, and conquered North Wales. In 1171-72 he began the Norman conquest of Ireland and in 1174 forced William the Lion, king of the Scots, to recognize him as overlord.
In 1164 Henry became involved in a quarrel with Thomas ? Becket, whom he had appointed archbishop of Canterbury. By the Constitutions of Clarendon, the king decreed that priests accused of crimes should be tried in royal courts; Becket claimed that such cases should be handled by ecclesiastical courts, and the controversy that followed ended in 1170 with Becket's
murder by four of Henry's knights. Widespread indignation over the murder forced the king to rescind his decree and recognize Becket as a martyr.
Although he failed to subject the church to his courts, Henry's judicial reforms were of lasting significance. In England he established a centralized system of justice accessible to all freemen and administered by judges who traveled around the country at regular intervals. He also
began the process of replacing the old trial by ordeal with modern court procedures.
From the beginning of his reign, Henry was involved in conflict with Louis VII, king of France, and later with Louis's successor, Philip II, over the French provinces that Henry claimed. A succession of rebellions against Henry, headed by his sons and furthered by Philip II and by Eleanor of Aquitaine, began in 1173 and continued until his death. Henry was succeeded by his son Richard I, called Richard the Lion-Hearted.
Henry II had seven legitimate children. All but one went on to have children themselves, and so they may be ancestors of many people living today. He also allegedly fathered bastard children with five women.
(Charles Mosley, Debretts)
Father: Gottfried or Geoffrey V Plantagenet b: 24 AUG 1113 in Anjou, France
Mother: Maud or Matilda of England b: 5 AUG 1102 in Winchester, Hampshire, England
Eleanor of Aquitaine b: 1122 in Aquitane, France
18 MAY 1152
in Poitiers, France
- Richard ?the Lionheart? Plantagenet b: 8 SEP 1157 in Beaunont Palace, Oxfordshire, England
- John I ?Lackland? I Plantagenet b: 24 DEC 1166 in Beaumont Palace, Oxford
- Eleanor Plantagenet
- Matilda Plantagenet
- Joan Plantagenet
Rosamunde ?Faire Rosamunde? Of Clifford b: ABT 1136
- Geoffrey Plantagenet b: 19 AUG 1186
- Isabel Plantagenet
Ida De Toeni
- William ?Longespee? Plantagenet b: 1173
- Type: Gedcom File
Title: Buell gedcom