Ancestors of a 21st century British family

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  • ID: I1778
  • Name: Henry Plantagenet
  • Suffix: III of England
  • Prefix: King
  • Reference Number: +
  • Sex: M 1
  • Birth: 1 OCT 1207 in Winchester
  • Death: 16 NOV 1272 in Westminster
  • Event: 1216/1272
  • Note: Reigned
  • Birth: 1 OCT 1207 in Winchester Castle, Hampshire
  • Death: 16 NOV 1272 in Westminster Palace, London
  • Burial: Westminster Abbey, London
  • Occupation: King of England 1216-72
  • MEM: Effigy, Westminster Abbey
  • Note:

    Duke of Aquitaine, and a member of the house of Anjou, or Plantagenet. Henry ascended the throne at the age of nine, on the death of his father. During his minority the kingdom was
    ruled by William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, as regent, but after his death in 1219 the justiciar Hubert de Burgh was the chief power in the government. During the regency the French, who occupied much of eastern England, were expelled, and rebellious barons were subdued. Henry was declared of age in 1227. In 1232 he dismissed Hubert de Burgh from his court and commenced ruling without the aid of ministers. Henry displeased the barons by filling government and church offices with foreign favorites, many of them relatives of his wife, Eleanor of Provence, whom he married in 1236, and by squandering money on Continental wars, especially in France. In order to secure the throne of Sicily for
    one of his sons, Henry agreed to pay the pope a large sum. When the king
    requested money from the barons to pay his debt, they refused and in 1258
    forced him to agree to the Provisions of Oxford, whereby he agreed to
    share his power with a council of barons. Henry soon repudiated his oath,
    however, with papal approval. After a brief period of war, the matter was
    referred to the arbitration of Louis IX, king of France, who decided in
    Henry's favor in a judgment called the Mise of Amiens (1264). Simon de
    Montfort, earl of Leicester, accordingly led the barons into war, defeated
    Henry at Lewes, and took him prisoner. In 1265, however, Henry's son and
    heir, Edward, later King Edward I, led the royal troops to victory over
    the barons at Evesham, about 40.2 km (about 25 mi) south of Birmingham.
    Simon de Montfort was killed in the battle, and the barons agreed to a
    compromise with Edward and his party in 1267. From that time on Edward
    ruled England, and when Henry died, he succeeded him as king.
  • _UID: 09D5B27015F5461CAD189701360E087287D5
  • OBJE:
  • FORM: jpg
  • FILE: /Ged Pics mstr/Plantagenet, Hen III.jpg
  • Title: Plantagenet, Hen III.jpg
  • _TYPE: PHOTO
  • _PRIM: Y
  • _SIZE: 285.000000 398.000000
  • Change Date: 21 AUG 2007



    Father: John I ?Lackland? I Plantagenet b: 24 DEC 1166 in Beaumont Palace, Oxford
    Mother: Isabella of Angouleme b: ABT 1188 in Angouleme, Angouleme, Charente, France

    Marriage 1 Eleonore de Provence b: ABT 1217 in Aix-en-Provence, France
    • Married: 14 JAN 1236 in Canterbury Cathedral, Kent, England
    Children
    1. Has Children Edward I "Longshanks" Plantagenet b: 17 JUN 1239 in Westminster, Middlesex
    2. Has Children Margaret Plantegenet b: 1240
    3. Has Children Beatrice of England b: 25 JUN 1242
    4. Has Children Edmund ?Crouchback? Plantagenet b: 16 JAN 1245

    Sources:
    1. Type: Gedcom File
      Title: Buell gedcom
      Date: 9/3/01
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