Name: Roger Kynaston
Death: 1517 1
Residence: Hordley, Shropshire
Occupation: Killed the Lancastrian commander at Blore Heath in 1459. 1
BATT: Blore Heath 1459 (killed Lord Audley)
Change Date: 7 SEP 2006
Killed Lord Audley, the Lancastrian commander, at Blore Heath in 1459.
Sheriff of Salop.
Roger Kynaston was the fourth son of Griffith Kynaston of Stokes, Shropshire, of landed gentry descended from the Princes of Powys.
His first wife was Elizabeth, widow of Richard Lord Strange, and daughter of Lord Cobham, but she died in 1453 giving birth to their son and heir Thomas. Sir Thomas, as he became, married Mary the daughter of Sir Robert Corbett of Morton, Shropshire, but he died in 1513 without lawful issue and is buried in St. Mary?s church, Shrewsbury.
In 1465, Roger had married again to Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Grey, Earl of Tankerville, and sister of Richard Grey, Lord Powis and it is through this marriage that their descendants derive their royal descent.
During the Wars of the Roses, Roger supported the Yorkists and was an officer in the army under Lord Salisbury. On 23rd September 1459 marching from Middleham in Yorkshire to Ludlow they encountered a strong force of Lancastrians, led by James Touchet, the 5th Baron Audley, on Blore Heath, near Market Drayton, where a battle was fought. It was reported that so many men were slain on both sides that a shallow watercourse which bisected the scene of the conflict "ran three days and three nights with blood".
The victors were the Yorkists, and a considerable share of whatever honour that may have been attached to the victory was due to Roger Kynaston, for it was he who slew Lord Audley, and thus took the heart out of the King?s army. In accordance with the custom of the times, he assumed the arms of Lord Audley which were incorporated with the armorial bearings of the Kynastons of Hordley (1st and 4th, Ermine, a chevron, Gules). A month later, he again fought against the King?s forces at Ludford near Ludlow and was eventually attainted for high treason. However, the penalty of attainder was not inflicted for he and many others received the royal pardon in 1467 on payment of a fine.
As a reward for his services during the civil war, which had resulted in the House of York attaining the throne, he was knighted by King Henry IV in 1470. He was appointed for life as Escheator and Sheriff of Merioneth, was Constable of Harlech and in 1462 and 1470, was Sheriff of Shropshire. When Sir Roger died, his widow Elizabeth took up residence at Myddle Castle, which Roger possessed through his first wife (who was the widow of Lord Strange, from whom she had inherited it as her dower house in 1449). Although the title to Myddle Castle was disputed by the Strange family, Humphrey Kynaston (1474-1534), her son, seems to have made it his home, even though his manor was at Morton, Shropshire.
Or b. 1430, d. 28 Oct 1495?
Father: Gruffydd Kynaston
Mother: Margred Hoord
Elizabeth Grey b: in Powis Castle, Welshpool, Montgomeryshire, Wales
- Margaret Kynaston b: in Hordley, Shropshire
- Type: Web Site
Title: Stirnet Genealogy
Author: Patrick Barns-Graham