Ancestors of a 21st century British family

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  • ID: I22420
  • Name: Margaret Corbett
  • Sex: F
  • Birth: ABT 1376 in Alveston, Gloucestershire
  • Death: ABT APR 1398
  • Note: 1 2

    Sir Gilbert Denys acquired the Manors of Alveston and Erdecote by the marriage of his father, William Denys, with Margaret, daughter and heir of William Corbett, of Alveston (ob. 2nd Ric. II.) and relict of William Wroth, who died in the same year.
    Others say sister of Sir William.
    ---
    William Dennis married Margaret, daughter and heiress of Walter Corbet.
    Their son and heir, Sir Gilbert, married Margaret, daughter and heiress of Sir Morys Russell of Dyrham.
    Footnote says: "Sir Gilbert [shown as Margaret?s son here] married first Margaret, widow of William Wyryot, and sister of William Corbet, his second wife being Margaret Russell. The Heralds' Visitation is not correct. Note by Mr. T. S. Bush."
    (Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society, vol. 23 (1900), p. 64-65, re Siston manor.)
    ---
    Relevant?:
    ... the king in chief by knight's service. The extent includes an unenclosed park. He died on 25 August last. Margaret Corbet, his sister, wife of William ..
    (Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem and Other Analogous Documents Preserved .. 1970. p10)
    ---
    Margaret had been born a triplet in about 1352, and both her brothers had died young in succession, leaving her the sole heir of the large Corbet landholdings in Gloucestershire and elsewhere. John the eldest had died in 1370 and William in 1377. Their father William, husband of Emma Oddingseles, had died while his children were young, predeceasing his own father, Sir Peter Corbet(d.1362). The manors held by Sir Peter Corbet on his death in 1362, which descended to his grandchildren in succession, John, William and Margaret were as follows: Hope-juxta-Caus, Shropshire, a remnant manor from the great Corbet honour, or virtually autonomous lordship established under William I at Caus Castle. Lawrenny in Pembrokeshire, (held from the Carew family) remnant of the family's large Welsh holdings, most of which had been earlier settled on Corbet male lines. The Corbet lands in Gloucestershire were as follows: Siston, held from the Bishops of Bath and Wells, and Alveston and Earthcott Green, both held in chief from the King. The possession of these tenancies-in-chief meant that should they ever descend into the hands of a female heiress, the King could repossess them and install his own favoured tenant who would thenceforth owe royal knight service and would be obliged to become a local administrator of the royal government. Margaret had been married off to a Pembrokeshire man, William Wyriott of Orielton, probably with the intention of consolidating Lawrenny with the Wyriott lands. Yet in 1379, only two years after her brother William's death aged 25, her husband William Wyriott died also, leaving Margaret as a female tenant-in-chief, a very precarious position for her. She could only re-marry by royal licence, effectively giving the King the right of veto over her free choice or she could relinquish her family manors to live with a husband of her choice, probably in relative poverty and social obscurity. Within a short time after Wyriott's death, Margaret had accepted Gilbert Denys as her husband. The two were contemporaries, and the marriage proved on a personal level to be successful, as Denys asked in his will to be buried next to Margaret. The marriage, like most of the period, is unlikely to have been the result of a romance but rather arranged by some powerful figure at Court who wished to see Denys rise in the world. Insufficient evidence exists to identify who this patron of Denys might have been, but pure speculation might suggest John of Gaunt.
  • _UID: 95BC13319289493C94319296D2078B52D8A2
  • Change Date: 9 NOV 2012



    Father: William Corbett b: ABT 1350
    Mother: Emma or Elizabeth Oddingseles

    Marriage 1 William or Walter or Gilbert Dennis
    • Married: 1378 3
    Children
    1. Has Children Gilbert Dennis b: in Of Ogmore, Glamorganshire, Wales

    Sources:
    1. Text: batruth@hotmail.com (Brad Verity)
      posting on GEN-MEDIEVAL-L
    2. Text: Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society, vol. 23 (1900), p. 64-65.
      Siston manor.
    3. Type: Book
      Periodical: Greater Medieval Houses of England and Wales, 1300-1500
      Author: Anthony Emery
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