Name: John Howard
Suffix: 1st Duke of Norfolk
Birth: ABT 1422 1
Death: 22 AUG 1485 in Bosworth
Note: Killed in battle
Burial: Cluniac monastery, Thetford, Norfolk
Residence: Tendring Hall, Stoke-by-Nayland, Suffolk 1
Note: Created Duke (E)
Occupation: Treasurer of the King?s Household
Cause: Killed in battle.
PCTS: Portraits at Arundel Castle and the Royal Collection, Windsor.
FILE: ~/Documents/Ged Pics mstr/Howard, John, 1st D Norfolk.jpg
Title: Howard, John, 1st D Norfolk.jpg
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Change Date: 25 SEP 2007
Marshall of England
The last of the Mowbray dukes of Norfolk had left a child heir, Anne Mowbray, married to the infant duke of York, the younger of the princes doomed by Richard in the Tower. By the death of this little girl, John Howard became one of the coheirs of her illustrious house, which was now represented by the issue of Margaret Mowbray, his mother, and of her sister Isabel, who had married James, Lord Berkeley. A lion?s share of the Mowbray estates, swollen by the great alliances of the house, heir of Breouse and Segrave, and, through Segrave, of Thomas of Brotherton, son of Edward I., fell to Howard, who, by a patent of June 28, 1483, was created duke of Norfolk and earl marshal of England with a remainder to the heirs male of his body. On the same day the lord Berkeley, the other coheir, was made earl of Nottingham.
The first Howard Duke of Norfolk, he was the son of Sir Robert Howard by Margaret, daughter of Thomas Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk. For his services to the Yorkist cause, he was knighted by Edward IV in 1461 and appointed Constable of Colchester Castle. He served against the Lancastrians and continued to rise in the King's favour. In 1471 he was appointed Deputy Governor at Calais and was employed several times in negotiations with the King of France. After the death of Edward, he supported Richard, Duke of Gloucester, upon whose accession he was created Duke of Norfolk and hereditary Earl Marshal of England. He is said to be among those who persuaded Elizabeth Woodville to release Richard, Duke of York, from sanctuary. When the Earl of Richmond landed in 1485, Norfolk summoned his retainers to meet him at Bury St. Edmund to fight for Richard. Shakespeare makes use of Edward Hall's report that, before the battle, one of his followers tried to persuade him to remain inactive, with the warning message pinned to his tend: 'Jacke of Norfolke be not too bolde, for Dykon thy maister, is bought and solde.' He nevertheless commanded the vanguard of Richard's army at Bosworth. He died early on in the battle and afterwards was attainted by Henry VII.
Father: Robert Howard b: ABT 1383 in Forncet Manor, Norfolk
Mother: Margaret De Mowbray b: ABT 1387
Catherine Moleyns b: in Stoke Poges, Buckinghamshire
- Thomas Howard b: 1443 in Tendring Hall, Stoke by Nayland, Suffolk
- Isobel Howard
- Margaret Howard b: 1445
- Anna Howard
Margaret Chedworth or Chaworth b: 1436
- Catherine Howard
- Type: Book
Periodical: The Dukes of Norfolk
Author: John Martin Robinson
- Text: To Prove a Villain. The Real Richard III.
An exhibition at the Royal National Theatre, London
March 27-April 27, 1991