Ancestors of a 21st century British family

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  • ID: I33139
  • Name: Hugh Montgomery
  • Suffix: 1st Vct Montgomery of the Great Ards
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 1560 in Braidstane, Scotland
  • Note: Died age 76 1
  • Death: 25 MAY 1636 in Newton, Ireland
  • Burial: 8 SEP 1636 Newtonards Priory, Ireland 2
  • Education: Glasgow University 3
  • PCTS: Portrait in possession of Mrs Sinclair, in 1869 4
  • Note: 4 4

    The gap between his death and his burial is correct: his body was wrapped up and kept ?in a turret? until September, awaiting a ?extraordinary great and costly? Viscount?s funeral.
    Hugh, the 1st Viscount Montgomery of the Ards, acquired extensive estates in Ulster in the early 17th century.
    At the beginning of the seventeenth century, the north half of county Down, known as the Upper Clannaboye country, was ruled by one of the cadets of the great O'Neill family, who bore the name, Con McNeale Mc-Bryan Feartagh O'Neill, and lived in the old mansion house of Castlereagh, two or three miles distant from Carrickfergus Castle (now Belfast). Toward the end of the year 1602, Con happened to be entertaining some relatives in his halls of Castlereagh, when his wine gave out. A fresh supply, which he had ordered from Spain, had been brought as far as Belfast, but was detained on its arrival there by the queen's exciseman, until Con should pay a lately imposed duty, concerning which he neither knew nor understood anything. The old chieftain's blood arose, and he ordered some of his retainers to proceed to Belfast and bring the wine by force. There his servants had an encounter with some English soldiers, and in the melee one of the soldiers was killed. O'Neill was therefore accused of "levying war against the queen," and lodged in Carrickfergus Castle. Sir Arthur Chichester proposed to hang him, as an example, and for a time it looked as if Con's praiseworthy desire to supply his relatives and friends with a proper amount of "drink" would result in the host's losing his head.
    In this extremity, Con's wife communicated with a friend in Scotland, one Hugh Montgomery, who was the Laird of Braidstone, in Ayrshire. He had been looking for an eligible "settlement" in the north of Ireland, and kept himself posted as to what went on there through relatives who traded to Ireland from the port of Irvine. In consideration of the cession to himself of one-half of Con's lands in county Down, he now agreed with the latter's wife to assist the prisoner to escape, and entrusted the carrying out of the enterprise to his relative, Thomas Montgomery, who was the owner of a sloop which sometimes traded with Carrickfergus. The latter accordingly [p.487] began by making love to the daughter of the keeper of Carrickfergus Castle. Being admitted to the castle, Thomas managed to so ingratiate himself with the prison guards, and to supply them so generously with drink, that it was not difficult for him to obtain their consent for the admission to Con's quarters of a large cheese which had been sent by the latter's wife, ostensibly for the purpose of replenishing the prisoner's larder. This cheese was hollowed out, and contained a long rope, by means of which, when night came, Con managed to escape from the castle. Letting himself out of his window, he found Thomas Montgomery's sloop in waiting, and within a few hours he was carried across the Irish channel to Braidstone and safety.
    There Con entered into an agreement with Hugh Montgomery, by which he ceded to that gentleman half his lands in Clannaboye, on condition that the latter should obtain for him a free pardon from King James, and get him permission to kiss the king's hand. This Montgomery proceeded to do, but, finding his own influence at Court not sufficient, he was obliged to have recourse to a brother Scot, whose word had more weight with the king. This man was James Hamilton, who had been employed by James I. as his political agent in Dublin. With his assistance, Con received a free pardon, was admitted to the king's presence, and permitted to return to his house of Castlereagh. During the negotiations at Court, it had become necessary for Con to increase his promised recompense to Montgomery by making it sufficiently large to satisfy James Hamilton also. So, when the patent was finally issued under the Great Seal, April 16, 1605, "on the humble petition of Conn McNeale McBryan Feartagh O'Neale and of Hugh Montgomery, Esq., and of James Hamilton, Esq.," it granted to the said James Hamilton all the lands in the Upper Clannaboye and the Great Ards which had been possessed by Con, or by his father, Bryan Feartagh O'Neale, in his lifetime. Hamilton had previously entered into an agreement with Montgomery and O'Neill as to what portion he should retain and what portion Montgomery should receive. He reconveyed to O'Neill one-third of the estate; and that third as well, in the course of a few years, was run through with and dissipated by the convivial and generous Con.
    Both Hamilton and Montgomery, as soon as their patents were passed by the Irish Council, crossed into Scotland to call upon their whole kith and kin to aid them in the plantation of their vast estates. Both were Ayrshire men, from the northern division of the county. Hamilton was of the family of Hamilton of Dunlop, while Montgomery was of the great Ayrshire family of that name, sprung from a collateral branch of the noble house of Eglinton, and sixth Laird of Braidstone, near Beith. The king had granted Con's land to Hamilton on the express condition that he should "plant" it with Scottish and English colonists. Hamilton seems to have received the hearty support of his own family, for four of his five brothers aided his enterprise and shared his prosperity. From them are descended numerous families in Ulster, and at least two Irish noble families.
    [p.488]Hamilton founded the towns of Bangor and Killyleagh, in county Down, and there is no doubt that he did "plant" the land which he had acquired with Scottish tenants, the most of them evidently from the same counties in Scotland--Ayr, Renfrew, Wigtown, Dumfries, and Kirkcudbright--as the men who followed Montgomery.
    In the Montgomery Manuscripts is preserved a careful account of how Hugh Montgomery "planted" his estate, the country around Newtown and Donaghadee, known as the "Great Ards." Montgomery belonged to a family having numerous connections throughout North Ayrshire and Ren-frewshire, and to them he turned for assistance. His principal supporters were his kinsman, Thomas Montgomery, who had done the successful wooing at Carrickfergus; his brother-in-law, John Shaw, younger son of the Laird of Wester Greenock; and Colonel David Boyd, of the noble house of Kilmar-nock. With their help, Montgomery seems to have persuaded many others of high and low degree to try their fortunes with him in Ireland.
    The names of the emigrants are intensely Scottish. They began to cross in May, 1606. Persons of substance generally took out letters of denization soon after they came to Ireland, and sometimes before leaving Scotland. The following received such letters of denization in 1617 (Calendar of Patent Rolls, James I., pp. 326, 339), the majority of them having settled on Sir Hugh Montgomery's estates probably ten years prior to that date:
    Gilbert Adare of Ardehine, Andrew Agnewe of Carnie, Thomas Agnew, Gray Abbey, John Aickin of Donoghdie, Patrick Allen of Ballydonane, David Anderson of Castle Canvarie, John Barkley of Ballyrolly, David Boyde of Glasroche, Thomas Boyde of Crownerston, Robert Boyle of Drumfad, Nynnan Bracklie Newton of Donoghdie, William Caderwood of Ballyfrenzeis, James Cathcart of Ballirogane, James Cowper of Ballichosta, Michael Craig of the Redene, William Crawford of Cuningburn, Claud Conyngham of Donoghdie, David Cunyngham of Drumfad, Hugh Cunyng-ham of Castlespick, John Cuningham of Rinchrivie, William Cuninghame of Donoghdie, Charles Domelston of Proveston, John Fraser of Donoghdie, John Harper of Ballyhay, John Harper of Donoghdie, Robert Harper of Provostoun, Thomas Harvie of Newton, Thomas Kelso of Ballyhacamore, David Kennedy of Gortivillan, Walter Logane of Logane, Uthred McDow-gall of Ballimaconnell, David McIlveyne of Ballelogan, James McMakene of Donoghdie, John Martin of Dunnevilly, James Maxwell of Gransho, John Maxwell of Ballihalbert, Hugh Montgomery of Granshaghe, John Montgomery of Ballymacrosse, John Montgomery of the Redene, Matthew Montgomery of Donoghdie, Patrick Montgomerie of Ballycreboy, Robert Montgomery of Donoghdie, William Montgomery of Donoghdie, Hector Moore of Donan, John Moore of Donoghdie, Quintene Moore of Aughneill, William Moore of Milntowne, William Moore, preacher at Newton, John Mowlen of Mowlen, Patr., Thomas Nevin of Ballicopl, John Peacocke of Ballidonan, Andrew Sempil1 of Ballygrenie, Alexander Speire of Grayabbey, Patrick Shaw of Balliwalter, William Shaw of Ballykilconan, John Thompson of Blackabbey, James Williamson of Clay, Allen Wilson of Newton, Robert Wilson of Newtowne, John Wyly of Ballyhay, William Wymis of Newtowne.
    The success of the settlements made by Hamilton and Montgomery was immediate; for four years after the foundation of the colony--in 1610--Montgomery alone was able to bring before "the king's muster-master a thousand able fighting men to serve, when out of them a militia should be raised."Four years later we have again specific information of the progress of the Scottish colonies under Hamilton and Montgomery. It is contained in a letter from the earl of Abercorn to John Murray, King James's Secretary of State. He writes: "They have about 2000 habile Scottis men weill armit heir, rady for his Majestie's service as thai sall be commandit. . . Sir Hew Montgomery is in building ane fyin houese at the Newton, quhairof ane quarter is almost compleit, an Sir James hes buildit at Killilarche ane very stronge castill, the lyke is not in the northe." This muster of 2000 men able to bear arms of course represented an emigration of at least 10,000 souls.
    His portrait was in 1869 in possession of Mrs Sinclair, formerly of the Falls, Belfast, ?now in England?, who was 7th in descent from the Viscount, and 3g granddau of William Montgomery of Rosemount, author of The Montgomery Manuscripts.
  • _UID: EEBB265A1ACE41C49C235E1F89AFABE91E0F
  • Change Date: 20 MAR 2012

    Father: Adam Montgomery
    Mother: Margaret Montgomery

    Marriage 1 Elizabeth Shaw b: 1560
    • Married: 1587
    1. Has Children George Montgomery b: 1609 in Braidstane, Beith, Ayr, Scotland

    1. Type: Book
      Periodical: The Montgomery Manuscripts: (1603-1706)
      Author: William Montgomery, George Hill
      Page: date
    2. Text: The Dawn of the Ulster-Scots
    3. Text: The Dawn of the Ulster-Scots
      Page: ?Glasgow College?
    4. Type: Book
      Periodical: The Montgomery Manuscripts: (1603-1706)
      Author: William Montgomery, George Hill
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