Ancestors of a 21st century British family

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  • ID: I4218
  • Name: Edward ?the Black Prince? Plantagenet
  • Suffix: Prince of Wales
  • Sex: M 1
  • Birth: 15 JUN 1330 in Woodstock, Oxon
  • Death: 8 JUN 1376 in Westminster, London
  • Burial: Canterbury Cathedral, Kent
  • MEM: Canterbury Cathedral, Kent: Effigy
  • Note:

    Distinguished himself as a military leader during the Hundred Years' War.
    During his lifetime, he was called Edward of
    Woodstock; the name Black Prince was given him because of the black armour
    he wore. In 1346 Edward accompanied his father on the English campaign in
    Normandy, and during the Battle of Crecy, when he was only 16, the prince
    won high acclaim for his command of the right wing of the English army.
    In 1355 Edward was appointed his father's lieutenant in Gascony. He led
    the English army in a series of raids across southern France and in 1356
    defeated a French army at Poitiers, took King John II of France prisoner,
    and returned in triumph to England with his captive. In 1361 he married
    his cousin Joan, countess of Kent (1328-85) known as the fair maid of
    Kent. A year later his father created him prince of Aquitaine and Gascony,
    and he went to his domains in southern France. As lord of those lands,
    Edward became, under feudal law, a vassal of the French king.
    During his rule the prince estranged the Gascon nobles, who believed that
    he was curtailing their feudal rights. After almost six years of peace,
    Edward, in 1367, led an expedition to Spain in order to restore Peter the
    Cruel, the deposed king of Castile, to his throne. During the successful
    Spanish campaign, Edward contracted an illness from which he never
    recovered; Peter furthermore refused to repay Edward the vast sums that
    had been expended on his behalf. On his return to Aquitaine, the prince
    levied taxes to pay for the expedition, but the disgruntled nobles
    protested to Edward's feudal lord, King Charles V of France. The prince
    refused to answer to the charges against him, and Charles renewed the war
    against England. A revolt against Edward spread through Aquitaine and
    Gascony, and despite his illness the prince led his troops against the
    city of Limoges, capturing it in 1370 and massacring its defenders. A year
    later he returned to England and resigned his principality.
    During the last years of his life, Edward was a leader of the political
    faction that rebelled against the misrule of his younger brother, John of
    Gaunt, duke of Lancaster. Edward finally succumbed to his illness and died
    at Westminster on June 8, 1376. He was buried in Canterbury Cathedral, in
    which parts of his armor still hang. He was also duke of Cornwall and
    earl of Chester.
  • _UID: 37B335703CDB46D5926AA30F82385749C92F
  • Change Date: 18 FEB 2010



    Father: Edward III Plantagenet b: 13 NOV 1312 in Windsor Castle, Berks
    Mother: Phillippa of Hainault b: 24 JUN 1311 in Hainault, Belgium

    Marriage 1 Joan Plantagenet b: 1328
    • Married: 1361
    Children
    1. Has No Children Richard Plantagenet b: 6 JAN 1367

    Sources:
    1. Type: Gedcom File
      Title: Buell gedcom
      Date: 9/3/01
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