Ancestors of a 21st century British family

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  • ID: I4256
  • Name: William Arthur
  • Sex: M
  • Residence: Clapton in Gordono, Somerset 1
  • Note: 2

    ?In Collinson's 'History of Somerset' is a long account of the very ancient family of Arthur of Clapton...The Clapton registers, however, show that [Juliana] was a favourite name in the Arthur family...The [Clapton] manor became at last the heritage of a Mary Arthur, who married William Winter, and so the name died out.?
    ---
    NOT of Clapham, as some sources say.
    ---
    By 1600 Weston [Super Mare] had its own manor, held then by William Arthur of Clapton. It then passed by marriage to the Winter family who held it until 1696.
    (www.weston-super-mare.com/newhistory/newhistory.html)
    ---
    During the eleventh and twelfth centuries the manor of Clapton passed to various Lords and Bishops at the will of the reigning monarch and in the early thirteenth century the manor was held by a family who adopted the surname Arthur.  They were in the service of the Lords of Berkeley, to whom they may have been distantly related.
    The first document relating to the manor and the church is an agreement dated 1226 between William, son of Arthur de Clopton and Richard, Abbott of Keynsham.  Abbott Richard was quite a powerful man.  Keynsham Abbey had been founded nearly a century earlier by William, Earl of Gloucester, and was endowed, among other things, with certain rights in the manor of Clapton which included the rights of  ?husbote? and ?haybote?, probably meaning the right to cut timber and gather fodder, and also common pasture for 4 beasts and 2 cows.  Other rights were mast for 10 pigs in the wood and pasture for 100 sheep on Clapton down ? which was probably along the top of Clapton Ridge.  In return for these rights the Abbott sent a priest to administer the sacraments to the Arthurs? and their retainers, but whether he lived in the parish or only visited occasionally is not known.
     
    William Arthur purchased the avowson of the church from the Abbot for 15 marcs ? probably only a token payment ? and by this agreement was empowered to take over the right to run his own church and appoint his own priest.
     
    The Arthurs were now coming into their own, William started to build a new church using local red sandstone, much of his work still stands, and they appointed their relations as priests, the first on record is John Arthur followed by his cousin, Walter de Boley in 1319, followed by a William Arthur.

    ---
    Presumably descendant of Richard Arthur (qv).
    ---
    According to Collinson, the two manors of Weston and Ashcombe were, in the reign of Henry III., held by William Arthur of Clapton, whose descendants had possession until the C16th, when it passed by marriage to the Winters.
    (Sea-Board of Mendip: by Francis Arnold Knight. 1902. p45)
    ---
    William Arthur was the builder of Clapton in Gordano church, and John Arthur its first priest. But in the 17th century the family, who married into the Winter?s of Dyrham Park, lost their fortune.
    ---
    Mary Arthur (buried 20 Feb 1623), heiress of Arthur, married William Winter ?of Clapton-in-Gordano, Somerset? (son of George Winter (bur. 12 Dec 1581)).
    ---
    William Winter (son of George who died 1581) married Mary Arthur of Clapton Court, Clapton-in-Gordano, Somerset.  Her father Edward Arthur married Mary, daughter of Erasmus Pymm of Brymore, Somerset and had several children but only Mary survived to become sole heiress and inherited the manor of Clapton-in-Gordano.
    ---
    Edward A above was son of Thomas A of Clapton.
  • _UID: 25F3976D70AB409B8088B9AF283BE08C51FA
  • Change Date: 18 MAR 2012



    Father: John Arthur
    Mother: Margaret Boteler

    Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown
      Children
      1. Has Children Julia Arthur

      Sources:
      1. Type: Web Site
        Title: Stirnet Genealogy
        Author: Patrick Barns-Graham
        URL: www.stirnet.com
      2. Type: Book
        Periodical: History of Somerset
        Author: J Collinson
        Date: 1791
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