Name: Robert Avenel
Residence: Upper Eskdale, Scotland
Change Date: 8 NOV 2011
This family was seated at " Bois Avenel," in Landelles, near Biards-in-Manche. The " Chronique de Normandie " names among the companions of the Conqueror, the " Sire de Biars, and
. . . Avenel de Biars." William Avenel, Seigneur des Biards, and his three sons, Holland, Nicholas, and Oliver, are named in a charter dated cir. 1158. Holland married Havis de Pariquy. Oliver married Petronilla de la Cheze, in 1228, and had a son named Oliver. William Avenel de Biart paid 16s. 8d. scutage in
1162. 2 A William Avenel is mentioned as a Baron of England, in the time of King John. 3 The Avenels became Barons of the Marches of Scotland, where they held Eskdale.
We find the name widely spread in England at a very early date, but we shall, on the present occasion, confine our attention to those who held Bicknor and other lands in Gloucestershire.
We first meet with the name in the county of Gloucester in 1167, when Robert Avenel rendered an account of one mark, and the same was paid into the treasury ; and the same year the sheriff accounted for a like sum for two virgates of land which Ralph Avenel held in Sandhurst.
(Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society (Volume 4). page 30.)
Upper Eskdale was conferred on Robert Avenel (d 1185); however this little known family survived in the male line for only three generations and has left no heraldic record in Scotland. Following the death of Roger II Avenel in 1243, the lands passed largely to the Graham family, through the marriage of his daughter to Sir Henry Graham of Abercorn.
(Posting by Bruce Mcandrew on www.heraldry-scotland.co.uk)
- Richard Avenel