Name: George Mackenzie
Suffix: 2nd Earl of Seaforth
Note: 43 at death
Death: AUG 1651 in Schiedam, Netherlands
Burial: Died in banishment
Occupation: Fickle and changeable in his views and unstable in his character and conduct
Change Date: 1 MAR 2010
Staunch Royalist and adherent of the gallant Montrose.
Succeeded his half brother in 1633, who had been created Earl in 1623.
Secretary for State for Scotland.
An earldom was conferred upon the elder son Colin (of Kenneth, Baron Mackenzie), second Baron Mackenzie, by King James in 1623.
On Colin?s death in 1633, without male issue, his titles and estates devolved upon his half brother, George, second Earl of Seaforth?a nobleman fickle and changeable in his views and unstable in his character and conduct. He was at first opposed to the unconstitutional and high-handed attempt of Charles I to force a new liturgy upon Scotland, and in 1639 took the command of a large body of Covenanters assembled north of the Spey. He soon, however, became lukewarm in the cause, and in 1640 was imprisoned as a suspected royalist. In the following year he joined Montrose, who had now seceded from the Covenanting party, and accompanied him to Elgin with the avowed object of supporting the King, to whom he took an oath of allegiance. Shortly after he again joined the ranks of the Covenanters, and excused himself in a letter to the Committee of Estates by alleging that he had gone over to the royalists through fear of Montrose, but declaring that he would abide by ?the good cause to his death.? Seaforth took the field against the royalist commander at the head of five thousand horse and foot, and was present at the battle of Auldearn, where the Covenanting forces were defeated. He is said to have had an interview with Montrose after the battle, and to have agreed to join him in supporting the royal cause against the Parliament. Nothing, however, came of this agreement, for Montrose, having soon after been ordered by the King to lay down his arms, left the kingdom, and Seaforth was excommunicated by the General Assembly for holding intercourse with an ?excommunicated traitor,? as Montrose was termed, and was threatened with forfeiture by the Parliament He was kept in prison for two years, and was with much difficulty released from the sentence of excommunication. After the execution of the King, in 1649, the Earl repaired to Charles II. in Holland, and was nominated by him Principal Secretary of State for Scotland. ?He died in banishment,? says the Earl of Cromarty, ?before he sawe ane end of his King?s and his country?s calamities or of his own injuries.?
His vacillating and time-serving career came to an end in 1651. He died at Schiedam, in Holland, in the forty-third year of his age, and was succeeded by his eldest son.
Father: Kenneth Mackenzie b: 1573
Mother: Isabel Ogilvie b: 1574
Barbara Forbes b: 17 JAN 1607 in Drumminor, Aberdeenshire
- Jean Mackenzie
- Text: The Great Historic Families of Scotland
The Mackenzies of Seaforth