Name: Stephen of England
Suffix: Duke of Normandy
Death: 25 OCT 1154 in Dover, Kent, England
Burial: Faversham Abbey, Kent
Occupation: King of England 1134-54
Change Date: 5 NOV 2007
Stephen of Blois seized the throne from Matilda who invaded England in 1139. the civil war that followed proved him a brave soldier but revealed his lack of political sense. In 1152, after much of the country had been ravaged in factional fighting and the royal administration had broken down, Stephen recognized Matilda's son Henry as heir to the throne. Duke of Normandy, 1135-1144, deposed. Duke of Blois, Count of Mortain, Count of Boulogne.
Henry I was Stephen?s guardian after the death of father. When Henry I died, Stephen landed in England before Maud and made his bid for the crown abt Dec. 1135. This ignited a civil war with the followers of Matilda Adelaide, the Empress Queen of England. The south and midland countries were wracked by civil war and famine throughout his reign between 1139 and 1152. Robert de Caen de Mellent were captured by Stephen's forces, but Stephen was in turn captured by Maud's forces at the battle of Lincoln in 1141. The two were exchanged. Henry switched his support to Maud in 1141.
Father: Stephen or Etienne Henri ?Le Sage? of Blois
Mother: Adela of England b: ABT 1062 in Normandy, France
Matilda of Boulogne
in Westminster Abbey, London, England
- Eustace IV b: ABT 1130
- William de Blois
- Marie de Blois