Ancestors of a 21st century British family

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  • ID: I66334
  • Name: Edmond Baynard 1
  • Sex: M
  • Residence: Essex
  • Note: 2

    The Wiltshire line of the family was established by Edmund Baynard the third son of William Baynard of Great Dunmow in Essex.
    William was the son of Thomas and Joan Baynard. Edmund?s eldest brother, John, died in 1362 without issue and Gt Dunmow was
    inherited by the second son, Thomas.
    Edmund Baynard bought a grant from Edward III to hunt in the Royal Forest of Pewsham "with power to kill and carry away either stag or fallow deer, and also to command the King's keepers to assist in the chace after the deer was wounded by crossbow etc notice being given to the lodge by the winding of a horn.
    Aubrey has it slightly differently, that the grant ran so that "if the King [my emphasis] should happen to kill a deer in the Forest, so near the River Avon that one might throw a Horne [ie within a horns' sounding of the River], the Lord of Lackham, by custome, could challenge for his own, which Sir Robert Baynard did in King James? time, and alleged his graunt for it from a King. "On my soule", said King James, "he was a wise King that made such a graunt".
    This grant remained in force until disafforestation by James I.
    In 1341 Edmund Baynard and his wife Eleanor leased their holdings in Widcombe and Goatacre to John of Longeford for 7 years. John put up ?all his goods, movable and immovable, and his manor of Wedecombe? as security. The rent of 5 silver marks was to be paid to ?John de Peyton and his wife Eleanor?. This was Eleanor?s mother, formerly the wife of John the last male Bluet to hold the estates, and her third husband, whom she had married in 1327. If Eleanor senior died during the lease then the rent reverted to Edmund and Eleanor. It is known that she died during the Black Death in 1348.
    Whether this was just before, or just after, the lease expired is not known; it is unlikely that Edmund and Eleanor received any
    money however.

    Head of pedigree in Visitation of Willts 1665, which says he was of Essex.
    Of Lackham, Wilts?
  • _UID: 97F874C48D2B4C9684DD2C4E8089A9412FDE
  • Change Date: 15 APR 2010

    Father: William or Thomas Baynard b: 1326

    Marriage 1 Elinora Blewet
    • Married:
    1. Has Children Philip Baynard

    1. Type: Book
      Periodical: House of Commons, 1509-1558
      Author: Stanley Thomas Bindoff
      Publication: The History of Parliament Trust by Secker & Warburg
      Date: 1982
    2. Text: The Baynards of Lackham a county family and their historical connections 1360 - 1650.
      Tony Pratt
      Wiltshire College Lackham
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