Ancestors of a 21st century British family

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  • ID: I8339
  • Name: John Hammond
  • Prefix: Dr
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: 1551 in London, Middlesex
  • Death: BEF JUL 1617
  • Note: Will proved 31 Jul 1617
  • Residence: Chertsey Abbey, Surrey
  • LVG: 1607
  • Occupation: Physician to James I & Henry, Prince of Wales. Headmaster of Eton.
  • Education: Eton. Trinity, Cambridge. 1
  • Note:

    Physician to Henry, Prince Of Wales (1594-1612), eldest son of James I. His signature is attached to the original record of the post-mortem examination of the Prince (In the PRO).
    In 1602 Matthew Browne conveyed the site of Chertsey Abbey to John Hammond, and formal grant was made by the crown in 1610. John H bought the Manor of Chertsey Beomond in 1611.
    Perhaps the most noted  English family of Hammond, with the possible exception of the family at St. Albans, county Kent [?], is that of Dr. John Hammond, Court physician to King James I, and Henry, Prince of Wales, Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge. He was eminent in his profession, and was the ancestor of many men eminent in English history.
    His eldest son John Hammond, the author of "Leah and Rachel", published in London in 1656, came to Virginia in 1634, remaining there nineteen years, then removed to Maryland, where he remained two years before his return to England. His work "Leah and Rachel", the fruitful sisters was a description of the colonies of Maryland and Virginia.
    Another son of John Hammond was Major General Thomas Hammond, of Cromwell's army, the father of Col. Robert Hammond, Governor of the Isle of Wight, to whom King Charles I, surrendered.
    Arms of Hamond of Chertsey, Surreyshire, England. Granted to John Hamond, M.D., "physician to Henry, Prince of Wales," by St. George, Norroy, 1607.
    ARMS:..Or (gold), five crescents in cross Azure (blue), on a canton of the last an ostrich's feather in pale Argent (silver).
    CREST:..A crescent Argent (silver), within an annulet Azure (blue), charged with eight estoiles Or (gold).
    NB Father here is from DNB. LDS Pedigree resource has very different ancestry for him - but still going back to Whalley, Lancs.
    The Will of Dr John Hamond of Chertsey 1617
    In the name of God Amen
    I John Hamond of Chertsey of wholesome bodye and minde thankes to God therefore in regarde of comon mortalitie and the uncertainte of this life and because I desire a peaceable injoying of those blessings wherewith God hath indowed me in those uppon whome I meane to bestowe (?) make my last will and testament in forme followinge first I bequeath my soule to Almighty God who as I am undoubtedlye and fullie and resolutely persuaded in mine harte will accept it for his sonne Jesus Christ his sake mine only redeemer and Saviour And my bodye to the earthe wheresoever yet it (?) be in my chappell or else in Chertsey Church or in Trinitie College in Cambridge or Eton College Church in certain hope of their resurrection thereof in the last day by God his mightie power whereby he hath subdued all things to himselfe and the powerfull workinge of his Holy Spirit into the which three persons the father the sonne and her Holy Ghost yet one onelie and ever livinge God be all honor and glorie with thanksegivinge for evermore Amen Alsoe I give to my deare and wellbeloved wife Marie Hamond duringe her life one hundred poundes a yeare duringe her life out of the site of late defsolved monasterie of Chertsey or else to enjoye those three meadows called Barne Meade Milne Meade and animinales there. Alsoe I give unto my said wife Mary Hamond all that house and orcharde and landes of an acre and a halfe be it more of lefse lyinge before the gate of the said monasterie and one orcharde and garden the farme yards there now in the tenure and occupation of one Edward Carleton for and during her naturall life onelie Alsoe I give to my lovinge daughter Marie Hamond nyne hundred poundes which is in the handes of Sir Francs Knollis Knight and (?) unto me which sume of nyne hundred pounds if the said Mary my daughter decease before she be married I give to my sonnes Thomas George and Henrie to be equallie devided amongst them Also I give to my lovinge sonne Thomas Hamond my lease of Crechinges in Suffolk yieldinge to me fortie poundes a year which must be received and taken in his owne name within three months after my death I give to the said Thomas furthermore hundred poundes in money Alsoe I give unto my loving sonne George Hamond my lease of Triplow in Cambridgeshyre yieldinge me twentie poundes and I give further to the said George in money twoe hundred poundes Alsoe I give to my lovinge sonne Henry Hamond my twoe leases of Aldiffes and Morreutes (?) in Bucks yieldinge me fifteene poundes tenne shillings and I give unto him my three fayres in Chertsey held there in May, Julie and September duringe his life and I give further to him the house and orchard and acre and halfe of landes lyinge before the gate of the said dissolved monasterie and one orcharde and garden in the same garden aforesaid duringe his life after the decease of the said Marye my wife and his mother and I give further to the said Henry Hamond two (?) hundred poundes in money which sume of six hundred poundes if it arise not out of goodes and chattells then I will have it payd out of the thousand poundes which is to be payd to my sonne Sir John Dingley Knight and Oldham Newton Receaver to the Prince for myne use of the Manor of Beamont by one hundred poundes a yeare the first tenne yeares of that lease I have lately conveyed to my verie lovinge sonne Robert Hamond the site of the late dissolved monasterie with the appearance and the mannor of Botleys in Surrey and the hundred of Godley in Surrey and the two milnes in Chertsey caled Okelake milnes all in fee and a leashe of Beamont mannor in Chertsey except one hundred poundes a year out of the said site during my wives life and one hundred poundes a yeare for tenne yeares out of the said mannor of Beamont to be disposed by myne executor as I have before specified and hereafter shall sett downe in this my last will and therefore I only pray him and charge him to studie and labour that he may imploye and injoye theise greate blessings to the glorie of God his owne comfort the reliefe of the poore the assistance of is brethren and sisters and providinge for his wife and familie soe that his estate maye be left better to his posteritie rememberinge the wordes of Christ that it is a more blessed thinge to give than to receave Alsoe I give to my wellbeloved wife Mary Hamond all that my lease of Oatreffe and the eight nearer Knightew Burrough for three score years from the Kinge payinge five shillings two pence a yeare Alsoe I give to my wellbeloved wife Mary Hamond in money twoe hundred poundes Alsoe I give to my wellbeloved sonne and daughtere Sir John Dingley Knight and Dame Jane his wife and to theire sweete children whome the lorde Jesus blesses and keepe Mary Frank and Jane Dingley fiftie poundes equallie amonge them and tenne pounds to that childe wherewith she is now gravide Alsoe I give to my wellbeloved daughter in lawe Elizabeth Hamond tenne poundss and her first child by my sonne a Robert tenne pounds Alsoe I give to myne honorable good friende the Lorde Elsemere Lorde Chancellor of England for whome my childrene are to pray a ringe of gould of twentie shillings with this inscription Crashbi(?) Alsoe I give to my kinde friende Mr Adame Newton and myne honorable good friend Sir Frank Bacon either of them a ringe with the same inscription and appoint them overseers of this my will Alsoe I give to my brother Henry Hamond my brother John Harrison my brother and sister Temple my brother Skynner and his wife my sistere Tempest Sir Francis Leigh of London Ralph Clayton each of them a ringe of tenne shillings with the same inscription Alsoe I give to the poore of Chertsey fortie shilling besides my paynes and chardges in improvinge the markett in Chertsey to theire use twentie markes a yeare for ever Alsoe I give to everie prison in London twentie shillings to be bestowed therin as myne executor will Alsoe I give to George Harris and his wife four poundes to everyone of my servantes tenne shillings Alsoe I give to Mr Hodges twentie poundes if he have not a Vicaridge of Stanes or some other worth a hundred markes a yeare otherwise I give to him twentie markes and pray him to preach at my funerall or Mr Lancaster to whome I give a ringe of twentie shillings Alsoe I give to my wellbeloved wife all my goodes chattles whatsoever towardes the performance of my former legacies and payment of my debts and buildinge and endowinge twoe such hospitals and foundinge of nine scholarships in Cambridge accordinge to the particulers of a will which I made the twentieth of April 1612 whereunto I referr here and chardge here in the name of God that when my children are ere provided for as I have sett down who take due care first of the hospitalls and then of the scholarships as myne estate will permitt and give her leave and I make the said Marye Hamond my deere wife sole and onely executor of this my last will praying her by our love and by her religious harte which she hath ever shewed to me these thirtie three years to regarde her reputation to tender her and my children soe deere to us both to consider what I desire in this will and fullfill it and to thinke of furnishinge my sonne Robert whoe is to begin housekeepinge with such houshold shiffe as shee may afford him if he be a good and frugall and obedient child do not for as I could enlarge my harte to give him much more for the love I beare him after I wish it might be with in limitations of Godlines of honesty of obedience of frugalitie and regarde of himeselfe and his posteritie and have it remayneth that I bidd you my wife and children and friends farewell comendinge you and myselfe to the protection of almightie God of heaven whome I beseech for his sonne Jesus Christ his sake to receaveing my soule and blesse you with severall blessings fittest for you and his glorie this I testifie to be my last will and testament by myne owne hande and seale this nyneteenth of August 1616 at Chertsey in Surrey the Lorde be mercifull unto me a sinner come Lorde Jesus come quickly even soe
    John Hamond in the presence of
    Emanuell Hodges Robert Colsonn Proved 31st July
    College: Trinity Cambridge
    Entered: Easter, 1579
    Died: 1617
    Matric. sizar from TRINITY, Easter, 1579.
    Said (by Munk) to be s. of John Hammond, LL.D. (1561).
    B.A. 1582-3; M.A. 1586; M.D. 1597. Incorp. at Oxford, 1605. Fellow, R.C.P., 1608.
    Physician to James I and Prince Henry. Died 1617. Will, P.C.C.; of Chertsey, Surrey. Father of Henry (1628).
    (Munk, I. 147; D.N.B., where his College career is confused with that of John, of Trinity (1570).)
    Physician to E of Northumberland 1594- . FRCP 1608. Venn says Ca 1579 BA 1583 MA 1586 MD 1597 incorp Ox 1605. DNB & Alumni Oxon disagree. See Birken thesis [what is that?]
    A John Hammond was Head Master of Eton 1594?1611. Is that him? It seems historians of Eton have thought so:
    John Hammond, appointed [Head Master of Eton} in 1582, abandoned medicine for Eton.
    (A history of Eton College. Lionel Cust.)
    But our Dr John was clearly still a medic if his signature is attached to the original record of the post-mortem examination of Henry, Prince Of Wales (1594-1612)?
    Thomas Ridley?s successor at Eton, John Hammond, was a physician, and had among his patients some influential person at Court who procured for him a letter from the Queen, ordering the College to grant him a favourable lease.
    (A history of Eton College, 1440-1884. H. C. Maxwell Lyte.)
  • _UID: E1DE37C481FA41D7933388CF6E9BB94A7668
  • Change Date: 14 FEB 2011

    Father: John Hammond b: ABT 1542
    Mother: Agnes

    Marriage 1 Mary Harrison
    • Married: 1583
    • Note: Had been married 33 yrs at time of 1616 will. 2
    1. Has Children Jane Hammond
    2. Has Children Thomas Hammond
    3. Has No Children Mary Hammond

    1. Type: Book
      Periodical: Alumni Cantabrigienses (Cambridge Alumni)
      Author: Venn
    2. Type: Book
      Periodical: Dictionary of National Biography (DNB)
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