Name: William ?Braveheart? Wallace
Birth: 1276 in Ellerslie, Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, Scotland
Death: 23 AUG 1305 in London, Middlesex, England
Burial: St Machars Cathedral, Aberdeen
Cause: Hanged, disemboweled, beheaded and quartered
MEM: St Machars Cathedral, Aberdeen
Change Date: 31 DEC 2004
In 1291, Edward I, who was then King of England, ordered the Barons of Scotland to swear allegiance to him.
Sir Malcolm Wallace absolutely refused to do so. He had already sworn allegiance to the people of Scotland and they looked to him for their liberation from the yoke of England. He realized that in refusing to do as the King requested, it would mean the giving up of his part in the affairs of the government and in all probability would mean serious harm to him and his family, but to the Early martyrs, loyalty to one's country, meant more than life itself.
His fears were not ungrounded because an edict went out from the King that the opposing Barons and their families were to be hunted and put to death. Sir Malcolm and his eldest son Andrew took refuge in Lennox, Scotland. Jean Crawford-Wallace and the younger sons, William (later Sir William) and John, sought protection of a powerful and wealthy relative of Kilspindie, Scotland.
Sir William at the age of fifteen, when the edict went out, displayed a heroism which has been unparalleled in all the history of Scotland. In return, the people devotedly called him " The heroic Defender of Scottish Independence" a title which certainly was truthfully used.
At the aged of twenty years, he married Miss Cornellia Bradfute, who was spoken of as the heiress of Bradfute. Her vast estate bore her family name. They had one child, Elizabeth, who was born in 1295. She married Sir William Baille, a Scotch nobleman. [note: many sources say Marion/Marian Bradfute, Heiress of Lamington]
During these few years after the edict was issued by the King of England, Sir William and his father, Malcolm, and his brothers, Andrew and John, continued their activities much to the annoyance of the British officials.
Finally, Governor Hazelrig, the English Governor at Dundee, murdered Cornellia Bradfute-Wallace, wife of Sir William. To avenge the murder of his wife, he slew several of the governor's attendants and also the sheriff of Dundee. When he was pursued, he fled to the woods and was outlawed. Gathering together a great number of followers, he drove the English out of a great section of Scotland and in 1297 defeated the English at the battle of Stirling. It is on this site that the Wallace monument was erected.
The battle of Stirling liberated his country for a while. He was appointed one of the Commanders-in-chief of the Sottish armies and penetrated into England with fire and sword.
King Edward of England was down in Flanders, France when he heard of the activities of the Scotch and hurried home in order to march his armies against Sir William whom he finally defeated. Sir William, however, carried on guerilla warfare against England for several years but was finnally betrayed, captured and executed in London, on August 23, 1305, at the age of thirty-one years. On the same day of his execution, his father, Sir Malcolm and his brother Andrew, met the same fate. It is presumed that they were all together when capured and executed. Andrew left no family and Sir William left the daughter, Elizabeth.
Father: Malcolm Wallace b: ABT 1249
Mother: Margaret Craufurd b: ABT 1251
Marion Cornelia Bradfute
- Elizabeth Wallace b: 1295