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  • ID: I16902
  • Name: **William Herbert
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 1418 in Raglan Castle, Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales
  • Death: 27 JUL 1469 in Battle of Edgecote, Banbury, Northamptonshire, England
  • Occupation: @N5184@
  • Note:

    William, took surname Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke, so created8 Sep 1468, as also earlier 26 July 1461 Baron Herbert/Herberdby wri, KG (1461/2); knighted 1449, served Hundred Years War(captured by French 1450 at Formigny), Yorkist during War of theRoses, Sheriff of Glamorgan and Morgannoc and Constable of UskCastle 1459, MP Herefs 1460-61, Chief Justice and Chamberlain ofSouth Wales 1461, granted 3 Feb 1461/2 castle, town and lordshipof Pembroke, with other castles, following surrender of PembrokeCastle to him by Lancastrians five months previously, ChiefJustice of North Wales 1467; married c1455 Anne (living 1486),daughter of Sir Walter Devereux, and was beheaded 27 July 1469following his capture at the Battle of Edgcot, near Banbury,Oxon, one or three days earlier; The 1st Earl of Pembroke of the1468 creation also had two or more illegitimate sons; one ofthem, by Mawd, daughter of Adam (Turberville) ap William apHowell Graunt. [Burke's Peerage]


    When the Lancastrian insurrection [War of Roses] broke out in1469, Edward IV commissioned the Sir William Herbert, Knight,Earl of Pembroke, and his brother, Sir Richard Herbert, Knightof Coldbrook, to command an army of 18,000 Welshmen against therebels. In July of 1469, the army was defeated at the Battle ofEdgecote. The Herberts were captured by Richard, earl of Warwickand beheaded the next day in Northamptonshire. They were buriedin the priory chapel on July 27, 1469, beneath the arch whichseparates the Herbert Chapel & the choir in St. Mary's PrioryChurch.

    Copied from Herbert, George biography,

    His sons William and Richard both partisans of the White Rose,took the surname of Herbert in or before 1461. Playing a part inEnglish affairs remote fron the Welsh Marches, their lack of asurname may well hav inconvenienced them, and their choice ofthe name Herbert can only be explained by the suggestion thattheir long pedigree from Herbert the Chamberlain, absurdlyrepresented as a bastard son of Henry I, must already have beendiscovered for them. Copies exist of an alleged commissionissued by Edward IV to a committee of Welsh bards for theascertaining of the true ancestry of William Herbert, Earl ofPembroke, whom "th chiefest men of skill in the province ofSouth Wales declar to be the descendant of Herbert, a noblelord, natural son b King Henry the first", and it is recitedthat King Edward, after the creation of the earldom, commandedthe Earl and Sir Richard his brother to "take their surnamesafter their first progenito Herbert fitz Roy and to forego theBritish order and Inanner". But this commission, whose dateanticipates by some years the true date of the creation of theearldom, is the work of one of the many genealogical forgers whoflourished under the Tudors.

    Sir William Herbert, called by the Welsh Gwilim Ddu or BlackWilliam, was a baron in 1461 and a Knight of the Garter in thefollowing year. With many manors and castles on the Marches hehad the castle, town and lordship of Pembroke, and after theattainder of Jasper Tudor in 1468 was created Earl of Pembroke.When in July 1469 he was taken by Sir John Conyers and thenorthern Lancastrians on Hedgecote, he was beheaded along withhis brother Sir Richard Herbert of Coldbrook.

    The second Earl while still a minor exchanged at the king'sdesire in 1479 his Earldom of Pembroke for that of Huntingdon.In 1484 this son of one whom Hall not unjustly describes as born"a mean gentleman" contracted to marry Katharine the daughter ofKing Richard III, but her death annulled the contract and theEarl married Mary, daughter of the Earl Rivers, by whom he had adaughter Elizabeth, whose descendants, the Somersets, lived inthe Herbert's castle of Raglan until the cannon of theparliament broke it in ruins. With the second Earl's death in1491 the first Herbert Earldom became extinct. No claim beingset up among the other descendants of the first Earl, it may betaken that their lines were illegitimate. One of the chiefdifficulties which beset the genealogist of the Herberts lies intheir Cambrian disregard of the marriage tie, bastards andlegitimate issue growing up, it would seem, side by side intheir patriarchal households. Thus the ancestor of the presentEarls of Pembroke and Carnarvon and of the Herbert who wascreated marquess of Powis was a natural son of the first Earl,one Richard Herbert, whom the restored inscription on his tombat Abergavenny incorrectly describes as a knight. He wasconstable and porter of Abergavenny Castle, and his son William,"a mad fighting fellow" in his youth, married a sister ofCatherine Parr and thus in 1543 became nearly allied to theking, who made him one of the executors of his will. The Earldomof Pembroke was revived for him in 1551. It is worthy of notethat'all traces of illegitimacy have long since been removedfrom the arms of the noble descendants of Richard Herbert.


    on the history of the Earldom of Huntingdon:

    Eight years later William Herbert, Earl of Pembroke, gave up hisexisting Earldom to the Crown and was made in compensation Earlof Huntingdon. So even at this late date a peerage title couldbe treated as something which one could simply resign. [Burke'sPeerage, p. 1474]
  • _UID: 658F618E56A14E299DB5BF39896FEB69E7C7
  • Change Date: 9 FEB 2009

    Father: **William ap Thomas Herbert b: ABT 1401 in Raglan Castle, Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales
    Mother: **Gwladus verch Dafydd b: ABT 1385 in Peutun, Llan Ddew, Breconshire, Wales

    Marriage 1 **Anne d'Evereaux b: ABT 1430 in Bodhenham, Herefordshire, England
    • Married:
    1. Has Children **Catherine Herbert b: ABT 1464 in Raglan Castle, Usk, Monmouthshire, Wales
    2. Has Children **Maud Herbert b: 1448
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