Name: *Sancho III "the Great" of Navarre
Name: Sancho III of Navarre
Birth: 985 in Navarre, Spain 1
Death: 18 OCT 1035 in Spain 1
Occupation: BET 1004 AND 1035 King of Navarre, Aragon, Sobrarbe and Ribagorza 1
Occupation: BET 1029 AND 1035 King of Castile 1
Religion: Christian 1
Sancho III Garcés (c 992 – 18 October 1035), called the Great (Spanis h: el Mayor, Basque: Nagusia), was King of Navarre (which included the Cou nty of Aragon) from 1004 until his death and claimed the overlordship of t he County of Castile from 1017 to his death, appearing in a charter as "ki ng in Castile". Between 1015 and 1019, he conquered Sobrarbe and Ribagorza .
During his lifetime, he was the most important Christian monarch of the Ib erian Peninsula, bearing, in various media, the title of rex Hispaniaru m. Having gone further than any of his predecessors in uniting the divid ed kingdoms of Iberia, his life's work was undone when he divided his doma ins shortly before his death to provide for each of his sons. The Kingd om of Navarre existed for almost six centuries after his death, but was ne ver as powerful again.
Sancho was born around 992 to García Sánchez II the Tremulous and Jimena F ernández, daughter of the count of Cea on the Galician frontier. He was ra ised in Leyra. His father last appears in 1000, while Sancho is first fou nd as king in 1004, inheriting the kingdom of Pamplona (later known as Nav arre). This gap has led to speculation as to whether there was an interreg num, while one document shows Sancho Ramírez of Viguera reigning in Pamplo na in 1002, perhaps ruling as had Jimeno Garcés during the youth of Garc ía Sánchez I three generations earlier. On his succession, Sancho initial ly ruled under a council of regency led by the bishops, his mother Jimen a, and grandmother Urraca Fernández.
Sancho aspired to unify the Christian principalities in the face of the fr agmentation of Muslim Spain into the taifa kingdoms following the Batt le of Calatañazor. In about 1010 he married Muniadona Mayor, daughter of S ancho García of Castile, and in 1015 he began a policy of expansion. He di splaced Muslim control in the depopulated former county of Sobrarbe, and p rofited from the internal difficulties in Ribagorza to annex that county b etween 1016 and 1019, a conquest initiated before the 1017 death of his br other-in-law left his wife with a distant claim. In 1025 he received the s ubmission, as vassal, of Raymond III of Pallars Jussà, who had also be en a Ribagorza claimant. He also forced Berengar Raymond I of Barcelo na to become his vassal, though he was already a vassal of the French kin g. Berengar met Sancho in Zaragoza and in Navarre many times to conf er on a mutual policy against the counts of Toulouse.
Besides four legitimate sons by Mayor, Sancho also fathered one by his mis tress Sancha de Aybar named Ramiro, who was the eldest of his sons bu t, as a bastard, not entitled to succeed. Before his death in 1035, Sanc ho divided his possessions among his sons. García received Navarre and t he Basque country with a certain seniority over his brothers, Ferdinand h ad received Castile on the death of count García Sánchez, and Gonzalo g ot Sobrarbe and Ribagorza. The illegitimate son was given property in t he former county of Aragón, with the provision that he ask for no mo re of his brother García. Sancho left a younger son who did not parta ke in the inheritance, Bernard. He left two daughters, Mayor and Jimena, w ho married Vermudo III.
Father: *Garca IV "the Tremulous" of Pamplona b: 964 in Navarre, Spain
Mother: Jimena Fernandez
*Sancha de Aibar
- *Ramiro I of Aragon b: 1017 in Navarre, Spain
*Mua Mayor Sanchez b: ABT 998 in Toledo, Castilla-La Mancha, Spain
- Bernardo Sánchez b: in Spain
- Gonzalo Sánchez b: in Spain
- *García Sánchez III of Navarre b: in Spain
- Jimena of Castile b: in Spain
- *Ferdinand I "the Great" of Castile b: 1017 in Burgos, Spain
- Mayor of Navarre b: ABT 1022 in Spain
- Title: Wikipedia