Name: *Richard "De Tonbridge" "De Clare" FitzGilbert
Name: Richard (William) Fitz Gilbert
Name: Richard De Clare
Name: Richard FitzRichard De Clare
Name: Richard de Tonbridge
Birth: BET 1030 AND 1036 in Bienfaite, Normandy, France 1
Death: 1091 in St Neots, Huntingdonshire, England 2
Death: 1090 in Bunfarte, Orbec; Clare Township
Burial: St. Neot's Priory, Huntingdonshire, England
Occupation: Lawyer 3
Occupation: Lord of Bienfaite, Orbec and Tonbridge 2
Earl of Clare, Lord of Bienfaite, Orbec and Tonbridge, (1035-1090), he to ok the title Earl of Clare from lands granted to him by William the Conque ror.
Richard Fitz-gilbert, a lawyer, was the founder of the House of Clai re in England. He accompanied William the Conqueror into England and parti cipated in the spoils of conquest, obtaining extensive possessions in t he old and new dominion of his royal leader and kinsman. William the Conqu eror, being the grandson of Richard, 4th Duke of Normandy, brother of Godf rey, mentioned in generation No. 1 above.) At the time of Domesday surv ey he was called Richard de Tonebruge, now Tunbridge, in Kent, which to wn he had obtained from the Archbishop of Canterbury in lieu of the Cast le of Brione. At this time he had nearly 200 lordships in various countie s. One of these lordships was that of Clare, in County Suffolk, which subs equently becoming his chief seat, he became styled Richard de Clare. He ma rried Rohese, or Rohais, daughter of Walter Giffard de Bolbec, who assist ed in making the "General Survey." He is said to have fallen in a skirmi sh with the Welsh and was succeeded by his eldest son, Gilbert.
(Kin of Mellcene Thurman Smith, page 537)
Richard FitzGilbert, a lawyer, was the founder of the House of Clare in En gland. He accompanied William, the Conqueror, into England and participat ed in the spoils of Conquest, obtaining extensive possessions in the old a nd new dominions of his royal leader and kinsman. Richard FitzGilbert w as the eldest son of Gislebert, surnamed Crispin, Count of Eu or Ewe and B rion in Normandy, in right of his wife, sister and heiress of the Cou nt of Brione, by inheritance from their father, Geoffrey or Godfrey, Cou nt in 996, who was a natural son of Richard I, 3rd Duke of Normandy. (In o ther words, this Richard FitzGilbert and William, the Conqueror, were t he great-grandsons of Richard, 3rd Duke of Normandy. E. E. W.) He marri ed Rohese de Bolbec.
(Kin of Mellcene Thurman Smith, page 1018)
RICHARD FITZGILBERT who came into England with William the Conqueror and w as at the Battle of Hastings; had a number of lordships and was styled "Ri cardus de Tonebridge," being possessed of the town and castle of Tonebridg e, in Kent, and was also styled "Ricardus de Clare," from the manor of th at name in the county of Suffolk, the chief seat of the family, which to wn and castle he obtained from the Archbishop in lieu of the castle of Bri one; died 1090; Burke says that 6 William I, 1073, he was joined with Will iam de Warren in the office of Justiciary of England; married Rohesia, dau ghter of Walter Giffard, Earl of Buckingham.
(Fenwick Allied Ancestry, page 114-115)
Richard FitzGilbert was the founder of the early Anglo-Norman noble fami ly the de Clares. Known as "de Bienfaite", "de Clare", and "de Tonbridge ", he accompanied his reputed kinsman William the Duke of Normandy into En gland, and was rewarded with no less than one hundred and seventy six lord ships and large grants of land in England, including the right to build t he castles of Clare and of Tonbridge, in return for his service at the Bat tle of Hastings, and general assistance in conquering the Saxon. Serv ed as Joint Chief Justiciar in William's absence, and played a major pa rt in suppressing the revolt of 1075.
Richard took the name Earl of Clare from one of his lordships in Suffol k, where parts of the wall of Clare Castle still stand. The modern Irish c ounty of County Clare was historically part of the North Munster Gaelic ki ngdom of Thomond, dominated by the O'Briens, Kings of Thomond. The regi on was granted to the De Clare family in 1275 and they became Lords of Tho mond. When the boundaries of the modern County Clare were fixed by Sir Hen ry Sidney in 1565, it was named after the De Clares.
His parents were Gilbert "Crispin", Count of Brionne and his mistress Cons tance de Eu. Gilbert was married to Gunnora d'Aunou, and some sources li st her as Richards mother. Richard's father is also sometimes listed as Ro bert I "the Devil", father of William the Conqueror. Sources as far ba ck as the Annals of the Four Masters claim that Richard's great grandso n, Richard "Strongbow", was the direct descendant of Robert "the Devil". G ilbert "Crispin" is a descendant of Robert's cousin, but not Robert himsel f. One thing can be sure, Richard was a close and trusted friend of the Ki ng.
Father: *Gilbert "Crispin" of Brionne b: 1000 in Normandy, France
Mother: *Gunnora de Aunou b: ABT 1005 in Tillieres, Eure, France
*Rohese Giffard b: ABT 1034 in Longueville-sur-Scie, Normandy, France
in England 4
- Adelize de Clare b: 1053 in Normandy, France
- Walter De Clare b: 1058 in England
- Ronais De Clare b: 1060 in Chepstow, Monmouthshire, England
- *Richard FitzRichard de Clare b: 1062 in England
- *Robert De Clare b: ABT 1064 in Tunbridge, Kent, England
- Roger FitzRichard de Clare b: 1064 in England
- *Gilbert FitzRichard De Clare b: ABT 1065 in Clare, Suffolk, England
- *Rohese FitzRichard De Clare b: ABT 1067 in Tunbridge, Kent, England
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