Name: *Olaf III "Skotkonung" Eriksson
Name: Olof of Sweden
Birth: ABT 980 in Sweden 1
Death: 1021 2
Occupation: BET 994 AND 1021 King of Sweden 3
Olof of Sweden or Olof Skötkonung/Skottkonung (the meaning of the cognom en is disputed) was the son of Eric the Victorious and Sigrid the Haught y. He was probably born in the latter part of the 960s and he succeeded h is father ca 994. Our knowledge of Olof is mostly based on Snorri Sturluso n's accounts, which have been subject to criticism from source-critical sc holars.
According to the Sagas, his father Eric the Victorious ruled together wi th Eric's brother Olof Björnsson. When Olof Björnsson died, Olof was procl aimed co-ruler instead of his cousin Styrbjörn Starke. This happened befo re he was even born. At his father's death, he inherited the throne of Swe den and became its sole ruler.
In a Viking expedition to Wendland, he had captured Edla, the daught er of a Wendish chieftain, and she gave him the son Emund (who was to beco me king of Sweden), and the daughter Astrid. He later married Estrid, a Ch ristian girl and she bore him the son Anund Jacob and the daughter Ingege rd Olofsdotter.
Olof is said to have preferred royal sports to war and therefore, Sweyn Fo rkbeard retook Denmark, which Olof's father Eric had conquered. Olof al so lost the right to tribute which his predecessors long had preserv ed in the Baltic States.
In 1000, he allied with Sweyn Forkbeard, who was married to Olof's mothe r, and with the Norwegian Jarls Eric and Sven, against the Norwegian ing O laf Tryggvason. Olaf Tryggvason died in the Battle of Svolder and Olof gai ned a part of Trøndelag as well as modern Bohuslän.
When the Norwegian kingdom was reestablished by Olaf II of Norway, a new w ar erupted between Norway and Sweden. Many men in both Sweden and Norway t ried to reconcile the kings. In 1018, Olof's cousin, the earl of Westrogot hia, Ragnvald Ulfsson and the Norwegian king's emissaries Björn Stallare a nd Halte Skeggesson had arrived at the thing of Uppsala in an attempt to s way the Swedish king to accept peace and as a warrant marry his daughter I ngegerd Olofsdotter to the king of Norway. The Swedish king was greatly an gered and threatened to banish Ragnvald from his kingdom, but Ragnvald w as supported by his foster-father Thorgny Lawspeaker, who was the wisest a nd most respected man in Sweden.
Thorgny rose and delivered a powerful speech in which he reminded the ki ng of the great Viking expeditions in the East that predecessors such as E rik Eymundsson and Björn had undertaken, without having the hubris n ot to listen to his men's advice. Torgny, himself, had taken part in ma ny successful pillaging expeditions with Olof's father Eric the Victorio us and even Eric had listened to his men. The present king wanted nothi ng but Norway, which no Swedish king before him had desired. This displeas ed the Swedish people, who were eager to follow the king on new ventur es in the East to win back the kingdoms that paid tribute to his ancestor s, but it was the wish of the people that the king make peace with the ki ng of Norway and give him his daughter Ingegerd as queen.
Thorgny finished his speech by saying: if you do not desire to do so, we s hall assault you and kill you and not brook anymore of your warmongering a nd obstinacy. Our ancestors have done so, who at Mula thing threw five kin gs in a well, kings who were too arrogant as you are against us.
These arguments convinced Olof to follow his people's advice. However, Ol of showed no signs of wanting to keep his promise, but married his daught er to Yaroslav I the Wise instead, and then the Swedes became restless. Ho wever, the impending rebellion was settled when Olof agreed to share his p ower with his son Anund Jacob. Olof was also forced to accept a settleme nt with Olaf II of Norway at Kungahälla, who already had been married (unb eknownst to Olof) with Olof's daugher, Astrid, through the Geatish jarl Ra gnvald Ulfsson.
Olof was baptised, probably by the missionary Sigfrid the Holy, ca 1000, a nd he was the first Swedish king to remain Christian until his death. Howe ver, according to Adam of Bremen, the fact that the vast majority of the S wedes were still pagan, forced him to limit the Christian activities to t he already Christian border province of Westrogothia.
His death is said to have taken place, in the winter of 1020-1021.
Since the 1740s, it has been claimed that he was buried in Husaby in the C hristian part of his kingdom, but it should be noted that such identificat ions are speculation, and by no means uncontroversial.
(From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)
Father: *Eric VI "the Victorious " of Sweden b: ABT 930 in Sweden
Mother: *Sigrid "the Haughty" of Poland b: BET 968 AND 972 in Poznan, Poznan, Poland
*Edla of Venden
- *Emund "the Old" of Sweden
- *Astrid Olofsdotter
Estrid of the Obotrites b: ABT 979 in Sweden
- *Ingegerd Olofsdotter b: ABT 1001 in Sigtuna, Uppland, Stockholm, Sweden
- Anund Jakob b: 1008
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