Name: *Gwriad Ap Elidir
Name: Guriat of Ynys Manaw
Birth: ABT 750 in Isle of Man 1
Death: in Deheubarth, Wales
Occupation: Prince of Dehubarth 2
Occupation: King of Ynys Manaw 1
Guriat was the son of King Elidyr map Sandde. He inherited the crown of M an in the late 8th century when the local population was a vast mixtu re of the British and the Irish. His lasting memorial is the well-known Gu riat Cross, originally erected near Maughold in the North of the Island.
He married, Esyllt, daughter and heiress of King Cynan Dindaethwy of Gwyne dd and was succeeded by their son, Merfyn Frych.
Extremely little is known of Merfyn's father Gwriad. Merfyn claimed desce nt from Llywarch Hen through him, and the royal pedigree in Jesus Colle ge MS. 20 says that Gwriad was the son of Elidyr, who bears the same na me as his ancestor, the father of Llywarch Hen, Elidyr lydanwyn. Suppo rting the veracity of the pedigree is an entry in the Annales Cambriae, wh ich states that Gwriad, the brother of Rhodri the Great, was slain on Angl esey by the Saxons. That is to say, Merfyn named one of his sons after h is father Gwriad.
The discovery of a cross inscribed Crux Guriat (English: Cross of Gwria d) on the Isle of Man and dated to the 8th or 9th century raised the quest ion of whether Gwriad's possible connection to "Manaw" was to Manaw Gododd in, once active in North Britain, or to the Isle of Man (Welsh: Ynys Manaw ). John Rhys suggested that Gwriad might well have taken refuge on the Is le of Man during the bloody dynastic struggle between Cynan and Hywel pri or to Merfyn's accession to the throne, and that the cross perhaps does re fer to the refugee Gwriad, father of Merfyn. He goes on to note that the W elsh Triads mention a 'Gwryat son of Gwryan in the North'. Other locatio ns for "Manaw" have been suggested, including Ireland, Galloway and Powys.
While Rhys' suggestion is not implausible, his reference to Gwriad's fath er Gwrian contradicts the royal pedigree, which says that Gwriad's fath er was Elidir, so this may be a confusion of two different people named Gw riad. Gwriad's name does appear with northern origins in the Welsh Tria ds as one of the "Three kings, who were of the sons of strangers" (sometim es referred to as the "Three Peasant Kings"), where he is identified as t he son of "Gwrian in the North".
The other literary references to Gwriad and his father Gwrian also sugge st that this Gwriad is a different person with the same name as Merfyn's f ather. For example, Gwrian's name also appears in The Verses of the Grav es (Welsh: Englynion y Beddau) in the Black Book of Carmarthen, as does Gw riad's name, which also appears in the Gododdin.
Father: Elidir Ap Sandde b: in Isle of Man
*Esyllt Verch Cynan b: in Caer Seiont, Carnarvonshire, Wales
- Cadrod Ap Gwriad b: ABT 768 in Deheubarth, Wales
- *Merfyn "Frych" Ap Gwraid b: ABT 780 in Deheubarth, Wales
- Title: Early British Kings
- Title: Genealogy of Wilkinson and Kindred Families