Name: *Eleanor of Aquitaine
Birth: BET 1122 AND 1124 in Nieul-sur-l'Autise, Vendée, France 1
Death: 1 APR 1204 in monastery at Fontevrault, Anjou, France 2
Death: 31 MAR 1204 in Poitiers, Poitou, Aquitaine 1
Death: 1 APR 1204
Burial: Fontevraud Abbey
Occupation: Duchess of Aquitaine
Eleanor of Aquitaine (in French: Aliénor d’Aquitaine, Éléonore de Guyenn e) (1122 or 1124 – 1 April 1204) was one of the wealthiest and most powerf ul women in Western Europe during the High Middle Ages. As well as being D uchess of Aquitaine in her own right, she was queen consort of France (113 7–1152) and of England (1154–1189). Eleanor of Aquitaine is the only wom an to have been queen of both France and England, with the exception of Ma rgaret of Anjou whose status as Queen of France is disputed. She was the p atroness of such literary figures as Wace, Benoît de Sainte-More, and Chré tien de Troyes.
Eleanor succeeded her father as suo jure Duchess of Aquitaine and Counte ss of Poitiers at the age of fifteen, and thus became the most eligible br ide in Europe. Three months after her accession she married Louis VII, s on and junior co-ruler of her guardian, King Louis VI of France. As Que en of France, she participated in the unsuccessful Second Crusade. Soon af ter the Crusade was over, Louis VII and Eleanor agreed to dissolve their m arriage, because of Eleanor's own desire for divorce and also because t he only children they had were two daughters – Marie and Alix. The royal m arriage was annulled on 11 March 1152, on the grounds of consanguinity wit hin the fourth degree. Their daughters were declared legitimate and custo dy of them awarded to Louis, while Eleanor's lands were restored to her.
As soon as she arrived in Poitiers, Eleanor became engaged to Henry II, Du ke of the Normans, her cousin within the third degree, who was nine yea rs younger. On 18 May 1152, eight weeks after the annulment of her first m arriage, Eleanor married the Duke of the Normans. On 25 October 1154 her h usband ascended the throne of the Kingdom of England, making Eleanor Que en of the English. Over the next thirteen years, she bore Henry eight chil dren: five sons, three of whom would become king, and three daughters. How ever, Henry and Eleanor eventually became estranged. She was imprisoned be tween 1173 and 1189 for supporting her son Henry's revolt against her husb and, King Henry II.
Eleanor was widowed on 6 July 1189. Her husband was succeeded by their so n, Richard the Lionheart, who immediately moved to release his mother. N ow queen dowager, Eleanor acted as a regent for her son while he went o ff on the Third Crusade. Eleanor survived her son Richard and lived well i nto the reign of her youngest son King John. By the time of her death s he had outlived all of her children except for King John and Eleanor, Que en of Castile.
Father: *William X "the Saint" of Aquitaine b: 1099 in Toulouse, France
Mother: *Ænor of Châtellerault b: ABT 1103 in Châtellerault, Vienne, Poitou, France
*Louis VII of France b: 1120 in Reims, Champagne, France
25 JUL 1137
in Cathedral of Saint-André, Bordeaux, France 2
- *Marie of Champagne b: 1145 in Paris, France
- *Alix of France b: 1150 in Paris, France
*Henry II of England b: 5 MAR 1133 in Le Mans, Sarthe, Anjou, France
18 MAY 1152
in Bordeaux, Gironde, France 3
- Note: he was 18, she was 29
- William Plantagenet b: 7 AUG 1152
- Henry "the Young" of England b: 28 FEB 1155
- *Matilda of England b: JUN 1156
- Richard I "The Lion Heart" of England b: 8 SEP 1157 in Beaumont Palace, Oxford, England
- Geoffrey II of Brittany b: 23 SEP 1158
- *Eleanor of England b: 13 OCT 1162 in Aquitaine, France
- Joan of Anjou b: OCT 1165 in Angers, Anjou
- *John "Lackland" of England b: 24 DEC 1167 in Kings Manor House, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England
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