Name: *Ferdinand II Gonzalez
Name: Ferdinand II of Castile
Name: Fernán González of Castile
Name: Fernan Gonzalez
Name: Fernán González
Birth: in Castile-La Mancha, Spain
Death: 970 in Castile-La Mancha, Spain 1
Burial: monastery of San Pedro of Arlanza 1
Fernán González (died 970) was the first independent count of Castile, s on of Gonzalo Fernández de Burgos, who had been named count of Arlanza a nd the Duero around the year 900, and by tradition a descendant of semi-le gendary judge Nuño Rasura. His mother Muniadona Ramírez was so well rememb ered that the later Counts of Castile would sometimes be recorded by Iberi an Muslim scholars as Ibn Mama Duna (descendant of Muniadona).
Fernán González was a colourful character of legendary status in Iberia, a nd founder of the dynasty that would rule a semi-autonomous Castile, layi ng the foundations for its status as an independent kingdom. In the year 9 30, Ferdinand's name appears with the title of count inside the administra tive organization of eastern the Kingdom of León.
He grew up in the castle of Lara and inherited his father's title after t he capture and death of his uncle, Nuño Fernández.
In 931, Fernán gathered under his control a strong military force compos ed of troops from the counties of Burgos, Asturias, Santillana, Lantaro n, Álava, Castile, and Lara. His military prowess came to prominence in t he Battle of Simancas in 939 and then at Sepulveda, where he wrested the r egion from the Moors and repopulated it. As his power increased, so did h is independence from León. During this period he married Sancha, the sist er of the king of Navarre, García Sánchez I. Sancha was a daughter of Sanc ho I of Pamplona, and Toda of Navarre.
After having fought with Ramiro II of León against the Arabs, and after t he Battle of Simancas and the retreat of the Muslims, Fernán was dissatisf ied because the king of León distributed his troops in the frontier tow ns and he rose in rebellion against him. He was, however, defeated and ma de prisoner in 944, which lasted for 3 years until he became reconciled wi th his sovereign, giving his daughter Urraca in marriage to the king's so n, Ordoño, who afterwards became King Ordoño III.
Notwithstanding this alliance, Fernán continued to foment trouble and disc ord in León. He later aided Sancho I against his brother Ordoño III, and t hen Ordoño IV, son of Alfonso IV, against Sancho.
Upon the death of Ramiro II of Leon in 951, the kingdom of León experienc ed a dynastic crisis that Fernán played out to his advantage.
Initially Fernán supported the demands of Sancho I against his brother Ord oño III, but when Sancho failed, Fernán was forced to recognize Ordo ño as king. Ordoño III's early death allowed Fernán to recover his maneuve ring capacity, although he abandoned his old ally Sancho, instead supporti ng his rival Ordoño IV. Defeated in 960 through Navarrese interventio n, he was captured by King García of Navarre, but he recovered his freed om after making various territorial concessions. With the kingdom of Le ón weakened and in disorder, Fernán slowly solidified his position as legi timate independent count of Castile.
After his death the county was left to his son García Fernández. His remai ns were buried in the monastery of San Pedro of Arlanza.
His life and feats are recorded in an anonymous poem, The Poem of Fernán G onzález, written between 1250 and 1271 and conserved as an incomplete co py from the fifteenth century.
Father: *Gonzalo Fernandez
Mother: *Muniadomna of Castile
*Sancha of Navarre b: in Navarre, Spain
- *Muniadona Fernández b: in Castile-La Mancha, Spain
- *Urraca Fernández b: in Castile-La Mancha, Spain
- Pedro Fernández b: in Castile-La Mancha, Spain
- Gonzalo Fernandez b: in Castile-La Mancha, Spain
- Sancho Fernandez b: in Castile-La Mancha, Spain
- Munio Fernandez b: in Castile-La Mancha, Spain
- *Garcia I Fernandez b: 938 in Castile-La Mancha, Spain
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