Name: *William I " the Liberator" of Provence
Name: Guilhem I of Provence
Birth: 950 in Arles, Provance, France 1
Death: AFT 29 AUG 993 1
Occupation: Count of Provence 1
Occupation: Count of Arles 1
William I (c.950 ? 993, after 29 August), called the Liberator, was Cou nt of Provence from 968 to his abdication. In 975 or 979, he took the tit le of marchio or margrave. He is often considered the founder of the coun ty of Provence. He and his elder brother Rotbold II, sons of Boso II of Ar les, both carried the title of comes or count concurrently, but it is unkn own if they were joint-counts of the whole of Provence or if the region w as divided. His brother never bore any other title than count so long as W illiam lived, so the latter seems to have attained a certain supremacy.
In 980, he was installed as Count of Arles. His sobriquet comes from his v ictories against the Saracens by which he liberated Provence from their th reat, which had been constant since the establishment of a base at Fraxine t. At the Battle of Tourtour in 973, with the assistance of the coun ts of the High Alps and the viscounts of Marseilles and Fos, he definitive ly routed the Saracens, chasing them forever from Provence. He reorganis ed the region east of the Rhône, which he conquered from the Saracens a nd which had been given him as a gift from King Conrad of Burgundy. Al so by royal consent, he and his descendants controlled the fisc in Provenc e. With the Isarn, Bishop of Grenoble, he repopulated the Dauphiny and set tled an Italian count named Ugo Blavia near Fréjus in 970 in order to bri ng that land back to cultivation. For all this, he figures prominent ly in Ralph Glaber's chronicle with the title of dux and he appears in a c harter of 992 as pater patriae.
His first marriage was to Arsenda, daughter of Arnold of Comminges. The ir son was William II of Provence. He married secondly Adelaide of Anj ou in 984, against papal advice. Their daughter Constance married Robe rt II of France. He donated land to Cluny and retired to become a monk, dy ing at Avignon, where he was buried in the church of Saint-Croix at Sarria ns. He was succeeded as margrave by his brother. His great principality be gan to diminish soon after his death as the castles of his vassals, whi ch he had kept carefully under ducal control, soon became allods of the ir possessors.
Father: Boso II of Arles b: in Provance, France
Mother: *Constance of Vienne b: 925 in Provence, France
*Arsenda de Comminges b: 950 in Comminges, France
- *Odile of Provence b: 976 in Arles, Provance, France
- *William II "the Pious" of Provence b: ABT 981 in Arles, Provance, France
*Adelaide of Anjou b: ABT 947 in Anjou, Maine-Et-Loire, France
- *Constance of Arles b: 986 in Tolouse, France
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