Name: *William II Sánchez
Name: William II Sánchez of Gascony
Birth: ABT 947 in Gascony, Aquitaine, France
Death: 996 in Gascony, Aquitaine, France
Occupation: BET 961 AND 996 Duke of Gascony 1
William II Sánchez (also William Sancho, Basque: Gilen Antso, French: Guil laume Sanche, Gascon: Guilhem Sans, Latin: Willelmus Sancio, Spanish: Guil lén or Guillermo Sancho), Duke of Gascony from circa 961 at least until 99 6, was the younger illegitimate son of Sancho IV and successor of his chil dless elder brother, Sancho V. Documents of his reign say that his grandfa ther came from Spain, lending credence to "phantasmagorical" genealogies p lacing the origins of García II Sánchez across the Pyrenees.
Around 970, William was using only the title of count as when Dominus Will elmus Sancii comes Gasconiorum donated land in the village of "Luco De o" to the monastery of Saint Vincent-de-Lucq. He later carried the ducal t itle. He inherited the county of Bordeaux from his cousin William the Go od and united it to Gascony permanently. His aunt Entregodis married one R aymond and their son was William the Good. Aimoin entitled him Burdegalens ium comes et ac totius Guasconiae dux in his act of a life of Abbo of Fleu ry. Before 977, William also added the Agenais and the Bazadais. This expa nsion of the duchy was probably the cause of an increase in our informati on about the region and its dukes after a period of obscurity lasting fr om the Viking raids of the 840s. In a charter of that year, William restor ed the priory of La Réole with the titel of dux Wasconum and did not car ry the comital title. He did have Bordeaux by 988, when he sought the advi ce of the council of seniores of Bordeaux for the restoration of Saint-Sev er.
While Gascony had long been out of the orbit of the French kings, Bordea ux had not been. With its acquisition, William began dating his charte rs by the reign of the king, Hugh Capet, regnante rege Hugone. In the latt er decades of the tenth century, his brother Gombald controlled all the di oceses in Gascony and then became archbishop of Bordeaux and thus William 's family controlled the church hierarchy. When William went to Navar re to combat the Moors in the Reconquista, he left Gombald in charge in Ga scony. He picked up a wife in Navarre and returned to Gascony when Viki ng raids had become increasingly serious. He defeated the Vikings at Tall er in 982 and they vanished as a serious threat thereafter. Their permane nt settlements along the Ardour were removed.
He was married to Urraca, daughter of García III of Pamplona and wid ow of Fernán González of Castile, and was succeeded by his son Bernard a nd his second son, Sancho, later ruled Gascony as well. His daughter Bris ca married William V of Aquitaine and thus brought the Gascon claim to t he House of Poitiers, which eventually inherited it in the person of O do on Sancho's death. He may be the father of Gersenda, who married Henr y, Duke of Burgundy, and Toda, who married Bernard I of Besalú.
Father: *Sancho IV Garcés of Gascony b: ABT 922 in Gascony, Aquitaine, France
- *Sancho VI William of Gascony b: in Gascony, Guyenne, France
- Brisca Of Gascony b: in Gascony, Guyenne, France
- Gersenda of Gascony b: in Gascony, Guyenne, France
- *Toda Adelaide of Gascony b: 973 in Gascony, Guyenne, France
- Bernard I William of Gascony b: in Gascony, Guyenne, France
- Title: Wikipedia