Name: *Philippa of Toulouse
Name: Philippa (Mathilde Maude) of Toulouse
Birth: ABT 1073 in Toulouse, France 1
Death: 28 NOV 1118 in Abbey of Fontevrault, Maine-et-Loire, France 1
Occupation: Countess Of Toulouse
Philippa Maude of Toulouse (c.1073 - 28 November 1118), also known as Phil ippa de Toulouse or Philippa de Rouergue, was the Duchess Consort of Aquit aine, and Countess of Toulouse.
Philippa was born in approximately 1073 to Count William IV of Toulouse, a nd his wife Emma of Montain. She was his only surviving child, and thus (a ccording to the law of the County of Toulouse) his heiress. However, her f ather, having no desire to risk the County by committing it into the han ds of a woman, made arrangements to ensure that she would not inherit i t. He therefore arranged for her to marry King Sancho Ramirez of Aragon, w hich took place in 1086 - the Duke felt that this would satisfy his daught er sufficiently to keep her from claiming Toulouse, and would also place h er over the Pyrenees, thus further complicating any claim. He then arrang ed matters further to his own liking - deciding in 1088 to go on a pilgrim age to Palestine, he left his brother Raymond of Saint-Gilles as regent, m aking it clear that he had no intention of returning.
Upon the death of her father, Philippa was accordingly left in Aragon unab le to claim her rightful title. Matters came to a head when her husband w as killed at the Siege of Huesca, leaving her a young 20-year old widow. S erious minded, politically aware, she was a formidable woman, polish ed by her residency at the cultured Aragonian court, and considered a wort hwhile bride. Accordingly, William IX of Aquitaine, who hastily journey ed over the Pyrenees to contest for her hand, was just one of the men inte rested in marrying her. She, however, fixed upon him as the most suitab le husband: not only was he a handsome man fully capable of flattering a w oman, not only was he one of the most prominant Dukes in Europe, able to g ive her the life she felt she deserved; his realm was also conveniently si tuated next to Toulouse, and consequently would easily be able to regain h er homeland for her own - as indeed, the Duke promised to do for her. Cons equently, the two swiftly married.
When her uncle Raymond IV of Toulouse set out on the First Crusade in t he autumn of 1096, he left his son Bertrand to rule the County. Howeve r, in the Spring of 1098, William and Philippa marched into the city of To ulouse, and took control without a single life being lost. In the next yea r, she gave birth to her first child in the city: William the Toulousain.
She was stunned in 1100 when her husband mortgaged Toulouse to her cous in Bertrand in exchange for a vast sum of money, which the Duke us ed to go on Crusade himself. Philippa, removed from her home, was se nt to his capital of Poitiers, from where she ruled Aquitaine on beha lf of her husband whilst he was absent.
After William's return, he and Philippa for a time lived contentedly wi th each other, producing a further five daughters, and a son, Raymond. S he also ignored the Duke's sexual boasting in song and talk, instead conce ntrating on religion (in particular the Abbey of Fontevrault, of which s he was a keen sponsor), especially the teachings of the Fontevrault founde r, Robert d'Arbrissel, who preached the superiority of women over men. H er obsession with a doctrine considered offensive by many men of that tim e, combined with William's growing dissatisfaction with her, and his teasi ng of her (claiming to be founding an abbey of prostitutes), led to disco rd in the marriage.
Toulouse had been won back by William for his wife in 1113, following t he death of Bertrand in Syria in 1112: his heir being his half-brother, t he 9 year old Alphonse-Jourdain, William had been unopposed. Thus, by 111 4, Philippa was spending most of her time ruling there. Accordingly, she w as less than pleased when, upon her return from Toulouse to Poitiers in 11 14, she discovered her husband to have moved his mistress, Viscountess Dan gereuse of Ch‚tellerault, into her palace. Philippa appealed to friends a nd the church for assistance in ousting her husband's mistress, b ut to no avail - none could persuade the Duke to give up his mistress.
In 1116, a humiliated Philippa, devastated by her husband's repayment of h er service to him for so many years, left the Court, taking refuge at t he Abbey of Fontevrault. There she became a close friend of her husband 's first wife, Ermengarde of Anjou, and the two spent much time reflecti ng upon the shortcomings of William. However, for all Philippa's devoti on to the Abbey and its ideals, she found little peace there, both angry a nd resentful that her husband had cast her off in favour of a mistress. S he died of unknown causes there on 28 November 1118, survived by her husba nd, his mistress, and Ermengarde, who would shortly attempt to avenge Phil ippa by attempting to have Dangereuse banished from Aquitaine.
Father: *William IV of Toulouse b: ABT 1040 in Toulouse, Haute-Garonne, Midi-Pyrenees, France
Mother: *Emma De Mortaigne b: ABT 1058 in Mortaigne, Normandy, France
*Sancho I of Aragon b: ABT 1042 in Aragon, Spain
*William IX "the Troubador" of Aquitaine b: 22 OCT 1071 in Poitiers, Vienne, Poitou, France
in France 1
- Beatrice of Aquitaine
- Hugh of Aquitaine
- *William X "the Saint" of Aquitaine b: 1099 in Toulouse, France
- *Agnes of Aquitaine b: ABT 1100 in AngoulÍme, Aquitaine, France
- Henry of Aquitaine b: ABT 1101
- Adbelahide of Aquitaine b: ABT 1102
- Guillaume I of Valentinois b: ABT 1106
- Title: Wikipedia