The Taylor/Hard/Hayden/Wyllys/Robinson/Edge Families

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  • ID: I3528
  • Name: Edward Taylor 1 2
  • Title: Rev.
  • Sex: M
  • Change Date: 07 MAR 2004
  • Birth: 1642 in Sketchley, near Coventry, Leicestershire, England 3 4
  • Death: 29 JUN 1729 in Westfield, Hampden Co, MA 5 6
  • Burial: Westfield 3 4
  • Immigration: 26 APR 1668 Execution Dock, Wapping, England 5 6
  • Note:
    [2731103.FTW]

    Name Prefix:<NPFX> Rev.
    Edward Taylor was educated for the ministry in England , 'but the ejection of two thousand ministers from their pulpits in 1662, for n onconformity, so darkened his prospects for usefulness there, that he determine d to come to America. He arrived here in 1668, and entered the University at Cambridge [Harvard College], where he graduated in 1671.' (NEHGR 2:395 [1848])

    Rev. Taylor removed to Westfield, Massachusetts, in November 1671. On November 5, 1674, he married Elizabeth Fitch, daughter of Hon. James Fitch of Norwi ch, Ct. They had eight children before she died in 1689. In 1692, at the age of 50, he married Ruth Wyllys, daughter of Hon. Samuel Wyllys of Hartford. The y had six children, including Keziah, born in 1702, who would become the mother of Ezra Stiles [the president of Yale], and ELDAD (see #88), the youngest, bor n in 1708 when the Reverend was 66 years old.

    Rev. Edward Taylor was ministe r of the Congregational Church in the fortified town of Westfield for fifty-eig ht years until his death in 1729. In 1937 his myriad volumes of handwritten ma nuscripts, which he had bequeathed to Yale at his death, were unearthed in the Yale Library after having lain undisturbed for 200 years. They show him as having been in his time a passionate and spiritually imaginative poet, such that h e is 'celebrated today as colonial America's most prolific and inventive poet.' (Karen E. Rowe in The Heath Anthology of American Literature, 3d ed., 1998)[2836643.FTW]

    Name Prefix:<NPFX> Rev.
    Edward Taylor was educated for the ministry in England , 'but the ejection of two thousand ministers from their pulpits in 1662, for n onconformity, so darkened his prospects for usefulness there, that he determine d to come to America. He arrived here in 1668, and entered the University at C ambridge [Harvard College], where he graduated in 1671.' (NEHGR 2:395 [1848])

    Rev. Taylor removed to Westfield, Massachusetts, in November 1671. On Nove mber 5, 1674, he married Elizabeth Fitch, daughter of Hon. James Fitch of Norwich, Ct. They had eight children before she died in 1689. In 1692, at the age of 50, he married Ruth Wyllys, daughter of Hon. Samuel Wyllys of Hartford. They had six children, including Keziah, born in 1702, who would become the mother of Ezra Stiles [the president of Yale], and ELDAD (see #88), the youngest, born in 1708 when the Reverend was 66 years old.

    Rev. Edward Taylor was ministe r of the Congregational Church in the fortified town of Westfield for fifty-eig ht years until his death in 1729. He also had studied medicine and was for many years the only physician in Westfield and miles beyond. Reverend Taylor was also a gifted poet, although virtually none of his poems were ever published in his lifetime. In 1937 his myriad volumes of handwritten manuscripts--'no less than a hundred volumes which he had transcribed and bound with his own hands'- - which he had bequeathed to Yale at his death, were unearthed in the Yale Library after having lain undisturbed for 200 years. They show him as having been in his time a passionate and spiritually imaginative poet, such that he is 'celebrated today as colonial America's most prolific and inventive poet.' (Karen E. Rowe in The Heath Anthology of American Literature, 3d ed., 1998)[memobarn.FTW]

    Reverend Edward Taylor was born in Sketchley, near Coventry, County Leicester, England, in 1642. His parents educated him for ministry among the dissenters, but their sufferings became very severe after 1662. The ejection of two thousand dissenting clergymen and the persecution which followed induced him to a voluntary exile. He remained some years after the passing of the Act of Uniformity, and sailed from England for America in 1668; he had declined to take the oath required of all dissenters after the restoration of Charles II. He spent four years at Cambridge University. The ship left England in April 1668, and arrived at Boston in July. He brought letters to Rev. Increase Mather, Pastor of the Second Church in Boston, and lodged with him for two nights. Then he went to Harvard College in Cambridge, where he continued to study for three and a half years.
    He left Harvard very reluctantly, to accept a position as a minister at Westfield. Increase Mather strongly encouraged him to accept the position, as did the President of Harvard. The town was some 100 miles away, by a difficult road with heavy snowdrifts to overcome. When he arrived, all the men of the town turned out to greet him. He arrived in Westfield only four years before King Philip's War erupted, which kept the inhabitants in a constant state of excitement and fear.Through the day they were always within reach of their loaded guns, with sentries to give an alarm. In the night, all inhabitants were regularly gathered into the fort, while guards were watching for trouble. No aid was available from the Colony, and the small towns like Westfield were told to merge with other small towns for their protection. Taylor was instrumental in keeping the town on its own, and not combining with any other town.
    He married either Elizabeth Fitch or Mary Menki in 1674, accounts vary. In 1692 he married again, to Ruth Wyllys, granddaughter of Governor George Wyllys of Connecticut, and they had six children of record.




    Father: John Taylor b: BEF 1622 in Ffranketon, England, probably
    Mother: Rhoda Holt b: BEF 1625 in Ffranketon, England, probably

    Marriage 1 Ruth Wyllys b: 1656 in Hartford, Hartford Co., CT
    • Married: 1692 in Congregational Church
    • Married: 1692 in Congregational, Church 1
    • Married: 02 JUN 1692 3
    • Married: 02 JUN 1692 in CT, Hartford 7 5 8 6
    Children
    1. Has No Children Ruth Taylor b: 16 APR 1693 in Westfield, Hampden, Massachusetts
    2. Has No Children Naomi Taylor b: 30 MAR 1695 in Westfield, Hampden, Massachusetts
    3. Has No Children Ann Taylor b: 07 JUL 1696 in Westfield, Hampden, Massachusetts
    4. Has No Children Anne Taylor b: 07 JUL 1697 in Westfield, Hampden Co, MA
    5. Has No Children Nehitable Taylor b: 14 AUG 1699 in Westfield, Hampden, Massachusetts
    6. Has No Children Mehitabel Taylor b: 14 AUG 1699 in Westfield, Hampden Co, MA
    7. Has No Children Keziah Taylor b: 04 APR 1702 in Westfield, Hampden, Massachusetts
    8. Has Children Eldad Taylor b: 10 APR 1708 in Westfield, Hampden, Massachusetts

    Marriage 2 Elizabeth Fitch
    • Married: 05 SEP 1674 in Westfield, Hampden Co, MA 5 6

    Sources:
    1. Title: Master Preble-Owens Kin.FTW
      Abbrev: Master Preble-Owens Kin.FTW
      Repository:
        Name: Unknown
    2. Title: preble.FTW
      Abbrev: preble.FTW
      Repository:
        Name: Unknown
    3. Title: 2731103.FTW
      Abbrev: 2731103.FTW
      Repository:
        Name: Unknown
    4. Title: 2836643.FTW
      Abbrev: 2836643.FTW
      Repository:
        Name: Unknown
    5. Title: Rev. Edward Taylor, 1642-1729
      Abbrev: Rev. Edward Taylor, 1642-1729
      Author: John Taylor Terry
      Publication: New York City: Privately published, 1892, MicroFiche S68 52-233, Sutro Library, San Francisco, CA
      Note:
      ABBR Taylor, Rev Edward, Taylor
    6. Title: memobarn.FTW
      Abbrev: memobarn.FTW
      Repository:
        Name: Unknown
    7. Title: The Wyllys Papers
      Abbrev: The Wyllys Papers
      Author: Connecticut Historical Society
      Publication: Hartford, CT:Connecticut Historical Society, 1924
      Note:
      ABBR Gov Wyllys, Gov Wyllys Papers
    8. Title: The Memorial History of Hartford County, Connecticut, 1633-1884
      Abbrev: The Memorial History of Hartford County, Connectic
      Author: J Hammond Trumbull
      Publication: Boston: E. L. Osgood, 1886
      Note:
      ABBR Trumbull, Hartford Co, CT
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