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  • ID: I12747
  • Name: Patrick de Salisbury 1st Earl of Salisbury 1 2 3 4
  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 1120 in Salisbury, Wiltshire, England
  • Burial: St. Hilaire Abbey, Poitiers, Poitou, Vienne, France
  • Death: 27 MAR 1168 in Slain in Poitou, Vienne, France 2 4
  • Note:
    Earldom of Salisbury: The first creation of this title took place some time between June 1142 and 1147, when the Empress Maud, Henry I's daughter made Patrick de Salisbury an Earl. He is sometimes referred to as Earl of Wiltshire and sometimes as Earl of Salisbury, usually the latter. At this time an earldom was an official position rather than title of honour, but was often held by successive members of the same family, though not necessarily by right. Patrick was descended from a line of men who had been Sheriffs of Wiltshire from shortly after the Norman Conquest and who may even have been of English rather than Norman origin. Patrick's son succeeded him as Earl but died leaving an only child, a daughter called Ela or Isabel. Richard I arranged her marriage to William Longespee ("Long Sword"), his illegitimate half-brother by Henry II out of either Rosamund/Rosamond Clifford (the "Fair Rosamond" of tradition) or a woman of obscure antecedents called Hikenai or Ykenai. (Longespee may, however have been born of some other woman altogether). [Burke's Peerage]

    -------------------------

    EARLDOM OF WILTSHIRE (II) Note: Hervey de Leon was styled 1st Earl of Wiltshire

    EARLDOM OF SALISBURY (I)

    PATRICK DE SALISBURY, 2nd but 1st surviving son and heir [of Walter de Salisbury, styled also Walter FitzEdward and Walter the Sheriff by Sibyl, da. of Patrick de Chaources], supported the Empress, who made him her Constable, and by whom he was created, within the years 1142 (June)-1147, and probably after July 1143, EARL OF WILTSHIRE, being styled usually EARL OF SALISBURY. He was sheriff of Wiltshire. He was with Henry, Duke of Normandy, at Devizes on 13 April 1149, and again in 1153 (January-August); and at Westminster on 6 November 1153 he witnessed the treaty between Stephen and Henry. After the accession of Henry II, he continued to act as sheriff, and was frequently at Court. In 1163 he was present at the (first) translation of Edward the Confessor. In 1166 he held 40 fees inherited from his father, and 15 of his mother's maritagium, all 55 being of the old fcoffinent. In 1167 he was left in charge of the royal forces in Poitou. He confirmed his father's gifts to Bradenstoke, and was a benefactor to the priory of St. Denys, Southampton, and to the Templars.

    He married, 1stly, Maud, daughter of . . . . He married, 2ndly, Ela, widow of William DE WARENNE, 3rd EARL OF SURREY, daughter of William TALVAS, COUNT OF PONTHIEU AND ALENÇON, by Ela, daughter of Eudes, DUKE OF BURGUNDY. He was killed in battle in Poitou by Geoffrey de Lusignan, about 7 April 1168, and was buried in the Abbey of St. Hilaire in Poitiers. His widow died 10 October 1174. [Complete Peerage XI:375-7, (transcribed by Dave Utzinger)]





    Father: Sheriff of Wiltshire Walter of Salisbury b: 1100 in Chitterne, Warminster, Wiltshire, England
    Mother: Sibyl de Chaworth Heiress of Hesdin b: 1100 in Pas-de-Calais, France

    Marriage 1 Ela de Talvas d'Alencon b: ABT 1120 in Alencon, Orne, Normandy, France
    • Married: BEF 1152 in 2nd husband 2nd wife 2 5
    Children
    1. Has Children 2nd Earl of Salisbury William FitzPatrick b: ABT 1150 in Salisbury, Wiltshire, England

    Sources:
    1. Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999
      Page: 2531
    2. Title: Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, 7th Edition, by Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Shippard Jr., 1999
      Page: 108-26
    3. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: XII/1:497
      Text: Earl of Wiltshire
    4. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: XI:375-7
    5. Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000
      Page: XII/1:497
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