Name: Contessa di Salerno Sikelgaita
Given Name: Contessa di Salerno
Birth: ABT 1031 in Salerno, Campania, Italy
Death: 1089 in Apulia, Cala, Italy
Change Date: 11 Jun 2013 at 01:00:00
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sikelgaita (also Sichelgaita or Sigelgaita) (1040?16 April 1090) was aLombard princess, the d aughter of Guaimar IV, Prince of Salerno, andsecond wife of Robert Guiscard, Duke of Apulia.
She married Robert in 1058, after Robert divorced his first wifeAlberada, due to supposed con sanguinity. Her sister Gaitelgrima hadearlier married Robert's half-brother Drogo.
Sikelgaita frequently accompanied Robert on his conquests. Although atfirst she tried to pers uade him not to attack the Byzantine Empire,she accompanied him on his campaign against the m as well. At theBattle of Dyrrhachium she fought in full armour, rallying Robert'stroops whe n they were initially repulsed by the Byzantine army.According to the Byzantine chronicler An na Comnena, she was "likeanother Pallas, if not a second Athena," and Anna attributes to he r aquote from the Iliad.
In 1083 Sikelgaita returned to Italy with Robert to defend PopeGregory VII against Holy Roma n emperor Henry IV. She accompanied himon a second campaign against the Byzantines, during wh ich Robert diedon Corfu in 1085 with Sikelgaita at his side. Supposedly, she tried topoison R obert's son (Bohemund of Taranto) by his first wife, althoughthe two eventually came to an ag reement by which Roger Borsa wasallowed to succeed Robert.
With Robert, Sikelgaita had eight children:
Mafalda (1059/1060-1108), married (1) Ramon Berenguer II, Count ofBarcelona, (2) Aimeric I, V iscount of Narbonne
Roger Borsa (1060/1061-1111)
Guy, Duke of Amalfi (died 1107)
Robert Scalio (died 1110)
Sibilla, married Ebles II, Count of Roucy
Mabillia, married William de Grandmesnil
Heria, married Hugh V, Count of Maine
Olympias, betrothed to Constantine Doukas, son of Michael VII Ducasand Maria Bagrationi, in 1 074
Duke of Apulia Robert I Guiscard b: ABT 1015 in Hauteville, Manche, Normandy, France
- Sybille Guiscard d'Apulia b: ABT 1054 in Apulia, Cala, Italy
- Mafalda Guiscard d'Apulia b: ABT 1056 in Apulia, Cala, Italy
- Duke of Apulia Roger Borsa Guiscard b: ABT 1058 in Apulia, Cala, Italy
- Mathilde Guisard d'Apulia b: ABT 1060 in Apulia, Cala, Italy
- Duke of Amalfi Guy Guiscard d'Apulia b: ABT 1062 in Apulia, Cala, Italy
- Mabillia Guiscard d'Apulia b: ABT 1064 in Apulia, Cala, Italy
- Heria Guiscard d'Apulia b: ABT 1066 in Apulia, Cala, Italy
- Robert Scalio Guiscard d'Apulia b: ABT 1068 in Apulia, Cala, Italy
- Olympias Guiscard d'Apulia b: ABT 1074 in Apulia, Cala, Italy